BY J. A . CURRY, J. MASLANIK, G . HOLLAND, AND J. PINTO he U.S. Arctic remains one of the most difficult th e Office of Naval Research began supporting the places on Earth for year-roun d scientific observa- development and integration of a variet y of miniature Ttions and research. Logistical support is very ex- research instruments for remot e sensing of the sea ice pensive, and scientists frequently face dangerous, cold surface, measurement s of radiative fluxes, an d in situ sea-ic e dynamics, aircraft icing—even polar bears. measurement s of cloud and precipitation character- Whil e satellites can obtain data in remote regions, istics. Since the first Arctic flights, th e Aerosonde has their application to man y arctic environmental prob- undergon e a numbe r of engineering modifications lems is hampere d by persistent cloudiness and the (see Table 1 for Aerosonde specifications). As a re- complexity of the underlying snow/ice surface. sult, the Aerosonde project is overcoming the engi- On e of the major recommendations of the 1997 neering and logistical challenges of operating in the polar environment. report, "Logistics Recommendation s for an Improved U.S. Arctic Research Capability" (www.arcus.org/lo- gistics/index.html), was to increase
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Dec 1, 2004
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