AbstractA new 94 GHz FMCW Doppler radar-radiometer system (JOYRAD-94) is presented, which is suitable for long-term, continuous observations of cloud and precipitation processes. New features of the system are: an optimally beam-matched radar-radiometer; a vertical resolution of up to 5 m with sensitivities down to -62 dBZ at 100 m distance; adjustable measurement configurations within the vertical column to account for different observational requirements; an automatic regulation of the transmitter power to avoid receiver saturation; and a high-power blowing system preventing hydrometeors from adhering to the radome. JOYRAD-94 has been calibrated with an uncertainty of 0.5 dB that was assessed by observing a metal sphere in the radar’s far-field and by comparing radar reflectivities to a collocated 35 GHz radar. The calibrations of the radar receiver and the radiometric receiver are performed via a two-point calibration with liquid nitrogen. The passive channel at 89 GHz is particularly useful to derive an estimate of the liquid water path (LWP). The developed retrieval shows that the LWP can be retrieved with an RMS uncertainty (not including potential calibration offsets) of about ± 15 g m−2 when constraining the integrated water vapor from an external source with an uncertainty of ± 2 kg m−2. Finally, a dealiasing method (DRDM for “Dual Radar Dealiasing Method”) for FMCW Doppler spectra is introduced that combines measurements of two collocated radars with different measurement setups. The DRDM assures high range resolution with a wide unambiguous Doppler velocity range.
Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology – American Meteorological Society
Published: Aug 23, 2017
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