AbstractA statistical post-processing method for seasonal forecasts based on temporally and spatially smoothed climate statistics is introduced. The method uses information available from seasonal hindcasts initialized at the beginning of 12 calendar months. The performance of the method is tested in both deterministic and probabilistic frameworks using output from the ensemble of seasonal hindcasts produced by the Canadian Seasonal to Interannual Prediction System for the 30-yr period 1981–2010. Forecast skill improvements are found to be greater when forecast adjustment parameters estimated for individual seasons and at individual grid points are temporally and spatially smoothed. The greatest skill improvements are typically achieved for seasonally invariant parameters while skill improvements due to additional spatial smoothing are modest.
Monthly Weather Review – American Meteorological Society
Published: Jun 16, 2017
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