A Global Climatology of Tropospheric Inertial Instability

A Global Climatology of Tropospheric Inertial Instability AbstractA climatology of tropospheric inertial instability is constructed using the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts ERA-Interim reanalysis at 250, 500, and 850 hPa. For each level, two criteria are used. The first criterion is the traditional criterion of absolute vorticity that is opposite in sign to the local Coriolis parameter. The second criterion, referred to as the gradient criterion, is the traditional criterion with an added term incorporating flow curvature. Both criteria show that instability, on all pressure levels, occurs most frequently in the tropics and decreases toward the poles. Compared to the traditional criterion, the gradient criterion diagnoses instability much more frequently outside the tropics and less frequently near the equator. The global distribution of inertial instability also shows many local maxima in the occurrence of instability. A sample of these local maxima are investigated further by constructing composites of the synoptic-scale flow associated with instability. The composites show that instability occurs in association with cross-equatorial flow in the North Atlantic Ocean, the Somali jet, tip jets off northern Madagascar, the western Pacific subtropical high, gap winds across Central America, upper-level ridging over western North America, and the North Atlantic polar jet. Furthermore, relatively long-lived synoptic-scale regions of instability are found within the midlatitude jet streams. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences American Meteorological Society

A Global Climatology of Tropospheric Inertial Instability

Loading next page...
 
/lp/ams/a-global-climatology-of-tropospheric-inertial-instability-9Q0VVpbcKg
Publisher
American Meteorological Society
Copyright
Copyright © American Meteorological Society
ISSN
1520-0469
D.O.I.
10.1175/JAS-D-17-0062.1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractA climatology of tropospheric inertial instability is constructed using the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts ERA-Interim reanalysis at 250, 500, and 850 hPa. For each level, two criteria are used. The first criterion is the traditional criterion of absolute vorticity that is opposite in sign to the local Coriolis parameter. The second criterion, referred to as the gradient criterion, is the traditional criterion with an added term incorporating flow curvature. Both criteria show that instability, on all pressure levels, occurs most frequently in the tropics and decreases toward the poles. Compared to the traditional criterion, the gradient criterion diagnoses instability much more frequently outside the tropics and less frequently near the equator. The global distribution of inertial instability also shows many local maxima in the occurrence of instability. A sample of these local maxima are investigated further by constructing composites of the synoptic-scale flow associated with instability. The composites show that instability occurs in association with cross-equatorial flow in the North Atlantic Ocean, the Somali jet, tip jets off northern Madagascar, the western Pacific subtropical high, gap winds across Central America, upper-level ridging over western North America, and the North Atlantic polar jet. Furthermore, relatively long-lived synoptic-scale regions of instability are found within the midlatitude jet streams.

Journal

Journal of the Atmospheric SciencesAmerican Meteorological Society

Published: Dec 14, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial