AbstractThe future Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission aims to observe water bodies and short-scale ocean surface topography with unprecedented spatial resolution and accuracy. However, the topography estimates will be contaminated by errors of various signals (geophysical and instrumental) featuring, in large part, strong dependencies on the radar range direction (cross track). This study shows that a cross-spectral analysis performed along track for all cross-track combinations can detect most of these errors and can provide estimates of their power spectral densities. From a series of outputs of the SWOT science team simulator, a cross-spectral method was developed to simulate the estimation of the error budget compared to the actual error budget in the simulator. The study determined that the error spectra of the dominant terms can be estimated at very high accuracy. Beyond the obvious applications for the future SWOT data calibration and validation, the spectral estimates of the error budget will have applications for state estimate problems using SWOT data.
Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology – American Meteorological Society
Published: Apr 10, 2018
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