Comparisons have been made between estimates of the outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) at the top of the atmosphere derived from narrowband Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) and broadband Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) scanning instruments. Four months of measurements are considered: April, July, and October 1985 and January 1986. Instantaneous comparisons (i.e., collocated in space and time) are considered.In the former, regional, zonal, and global analyses are performed using collocated and coincident OLR estimates on a 2.5 latitude-longitude scale. In general, the two datasets are found to be in reasonably good agreement, with the mean state and fundamental variability in time and space captured by the two sets of measurements. However, systematic biases are observed between the two datasets, particularly over the subtropical oceans, the daytime deserts, and over snow-covered surfaces at the high latitudes. The monthly global bias between the two datasets (ERBE minus AVHRR) is between 1 and 2 Wm2 during daytime, and between 4 and 7 Wm2 during nighttime, while the rms differences range between 12 (June) and 15 (January) Wm2.Radiative transfer simulations show that these systematic errors may be attributed to limitations in the single-channel narrowband to broadband algorithm. Even though the results may be globally unbiased, regional biases result where particularly persistent conditions (e.g., trade wind inversion, subsidence over deserts) prevail.
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Nov 14, 1994
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