75 YEARS AGO

75 YEARS AGO ers, six months at Keesler AFB and then four to five He showed how TAFs are produced and monitored weeks on site. Forecasters spend an additional year and updated. All forecasts are later verified and are working through analyses, then target forecasting, and used to raise each forecaster's skill level. He said there finally mission forecasting. Officers, especially those are over 200 sorties per day, including air units, tank- with a weather background, will be sent to take col- ers, and fighters. All need weather support. lege courses and may forecast within the year. They have developed a Web site for self briefing Berchoff showed slides detailing the site conversion and another detailed site for flight specific forecast and its transformation into a live operation. Regional data. The detailed site had 400,000 hits in one month. forecast products were produced in May 2000 for the The group was then led through two large rooms first time. filled with forecasters still at work, each with several The mix at the AWS office consists of 15 officers, monitors accessing data from their own system as well 14 enlisted, one civilian, five civilian overhires, and as NWS data, other vendors, and even the Weather 21 contractors. They work as lead forecasters, regional Channel. forecasters, subregion analysts, and briefers. The sub- Berchoff was then awarded the St. Louis Arch desk regions are hand analyzed and are monitored for hori- pen set and the tour concluded.—Louis Hull zontal consistency. Anchorage Berchoff demonstrated typical graphical weather products with links to analyses, forecasts, and clima- The first meeting of the 2000-01 year was held at tological support. He also showed what he called the Merrill Field Aviation Technology Center in An- flimsy products, graphics of frontal positions and chorage on 29 September 2000. Chapter President Jim storm and precipitation locations that evolved over the Peronto officially opened the business portion meet- forecast period. ing with a brief introduction, then invited everyone in Tornadoes of the Middle West Of the three large cities of the Middle West, Omaha, St. Louis, and Kansas City, Omaha and St. Louis have already been struck by tornadoes that took heavy toll of human life and property. Many other destructive tornadies have occurred within the radius of 200 miles of Kansas City in comparatively recent years and Kansas City itself has a record of a violent tornado in 1886. Few, if any, parts of the United States between the Alleghenies and the Rockies may by considered immune from tornadoes, and, by the law increase of prob- ability, damage from these storms is likely to show a progressive increase as the country becomes more thickly settled, unless important buildings as well as residences are con- structed so as to render them tornado proof or at least more resistant to violent winds. Insurance is the most general protection against tornado damage at present, but there is rea- son to believe the modern steel reinforced building, with extra bracing that will add but a small per cent to its total cost, will withstand the forces of tornadic winds, might also be developed for communities in what is also called the tornado belt. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 7, 13. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society American Meteorological Society
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10.1175/1520-0477-82.1.141
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Abstract

ers, six months at Keesler AFB and then four to five He showed how TAFs are produced and monitored weeks on site. Forecasters spend an additional year and updated. All forecasts are later verified and are working through analyses, then target forecasting, and used to raise each forecaster's skill level. He said there finally mission forecasting. Officers, especially those are over 200 sorties per day, including air units, tank- with a weather background, will be sent to take col- ers, and fighters. All need weather support. lege courses and may forecast within the year. They have developed a Web site for self briefing Berchoff showed slides detailing the site conversion and another detailed site for flight specific forecast and its transformation into a live operation. Regional data. The detailed site had 400,000 hits in one month. forecast products were produced in May 2000 for the The group was then led through two large rooms first time. filled with forecasters still at work, each with several The mix at the AWS office consists of 15 officers, monitors accessing data from their own system as well 14 enlisted, one civilian, five civilian overhires, and as NWS data, other vendors, and even the Weather 21 contractors. They work as lead forecasters, regional Channel. forecasters, subregion analysts, and briefers. The sub- Berchoff was then awarded the St. Louis Arch desk regions are hand analyzed and are monitored for hori- pen set and the tour concluded.—Louis Hull zontal consistency. Anchorage Berchoff demonstrated typical graphical weather products with links to analyses, forecasts, and clima- The first meeting of the 2000-01 year was held at tological support. He also showed what he called the Merrill Field Aviation Technology Center in An- flimsy products, graphics of frontal positions and chorage on 29 September 2000. Chapter President Jim storm and precipitation locations that evolved over the Peronto officially opened the business portion meet- forecast period. ing with a brief introduction, then invited everyone in Tornadoes of the Middle West Of the three large cities of the Middle West, Omaha, St. Louis, and Kansas City, Omaha and St. Louis have already been struck by tornadoes that took heavy toll of human life and property. Many other destructive tornadies have occurred within the radius of 200 miles of Kansas City in comparatively recent years and Kansas City itself has a record of a violent tornado in 1886. Few, if any, parts of the United States between the Alleghenies and the Rockies may by considered immune from tornadoes, and, by the law increase of prob- ability, damage from these storms is likely to show a progressive increase as the country becomes more thickly settled, unless important buildings as well as residences are con- structed so as to render them tornado proof or at least more resistant to violent winds. Insurance is the most general protection against tornado damage at present, but there is rea- son to believe the modern steel reinforced building, with extra bracing that will add but a small per cent to its total cost, will withstand the forces of tornadic winds, might also be developed for communities in what is also called the tornado belt. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 7, 13. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Journal

Bulletin of the American Meteorological SocietyAmerican Meteorological Society

Published: Jan 1, 2001

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