50 YEARS AGO

50 YEARS AGO Collins, Colorado, in hopes of capturing clues to the than 17 ms, which makes special demands on the red sprite phenomenon. The researchers are employ- instrumentation and how it is employed. For one, ing an arsenal of remote sensing equipment to ob- sprites cannot be tracked, so IROCS's field-of-view is serve the sprites. Because they are looking at the tops fixed on a certain region, which is determined by of thunderclouds, typically 30 000 feet in altitude, the sweeping the atmosphere above the thunderstorm curvature of the earth does little to constrain their area where sprites are appearing. When the event rate of view, which encompasses most of the western decreases, the equipment again scans and redeter- Plains, including parts of Nebraska, Kansas, and mines the best field of view. To learn how the sprites Oklahoma. propagate and evolve, imaging frame rate is used. NASA is funding the team's work through the The equipment consists of five multispectral imag- Kennedy Space Center. Although red sprites are not ers sensitive from optical through the long wavelength considered a threat to commercial aircraft, the phe- infrared. The images are mounted on a single five-ft- nomenon may pose a hazard to the Space Shuttle and high platform known as an Infrared Optical Camera to other launch vehicles. Shortly after the Livermore System (IROCS). IROCS's instrumentation is con- research team concludes their work in Colorado, the trolled by a single workstation, allowing for a correla- team may reassemble at Cape Canaveral, Florida, in tion of data from all the sensors. an attempt to record sprite activity over the Atlantic. • The optical emission duration from sprites is shorter mmPTPmzm. Opportunities for Employment in the U.S . Weather Bureau ars ago A recent letter nate. It will depend upon Congressional authoriza- fro m the Weather tion of the proposed expansion of the Bureau's Burea u urges all services to meet new peacetime needs and upon meteorologists who other unknown elements. It is expected that there have reemployment will be several hundred new positions or vacancies rights and others who are interested in careers in in the professional grades and more than a thou- the Bureau to file their applications for appointment sand in the subprofessional and clerical grades. to Weather Bureau positions at the earliest pos- Vacancies will range all the way up to senior sible moment. The Chief of the Bureau states that professional grades with salaries $5,000 or higher there are many positions which must be filled in the on a forty-hour work week. Salaries for experi- near future and meteorologists who are well quali- enced technicians and subprofessional experts in fied will have wider choice of positions if their charge of the smaller field stations approximates applications are available for consideration before $2,500 to $3,000 per year. Intermediate profes- the process of filling vacancies is begun. Applica- sional salaries range from $3,000 to $5,000, de- tions may be sent to the placement service of the pending on the responsibilities of the position and i : American Meteorological Society or directly to the the requirements in experience and professional Civil Service Commission or the Weather Bureau, qualifications. There will be many attractive career on Civil Service Form 57, obtainable at all field opportunities in the Weather Bureau and inter- headquarters of the Civil Service Commission or ested candidates should include with their applica- V/ from the organizations referred to above. In some tions full particulars of their professional experi- cases it may be possible to hold vacancie s open for ence, their scientific training and other pertinent those with high priority employment rights if re- qualifications, as well as their preferences as to i lease from the military service is probable within a location, type of work and their prospective date of few months but in order for such cases to have full availability. It is hoped that these facts will be consideration, the applications must be received brought to the attention of all meteorologists, I by the Bureau without delay. whether in the military services or in civil life, who are interested in Weather Bureau career service. The total number of vacancies in the Weather —Editor. Bureau during the next year or two is indetermi- Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 26, 306 . 1658 Vol. 76, No. 9, September 1995 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society American Meteorological Society
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Abstract

Collins, Colorado, in hopes of capturing clues to the than 17 ms, which makes special demands on the red sprite phenomenon. The researchers are employ- instrumentation and how it is employed. For one, ing an arsenal of remote sensing equipment to ob- sprites cannot be tracked, so IROCS's field-of-view is serve the sprites. Because they are looking at the tops fixed on a certain region, which is determined by of thunderclouds, typically 30 000 feet in altitude, the sweeping the atmosphere above the thunderstorm curvature of the earth does little to constrain their area where sprites are appearing. When the event rate of view, which encompasses most of the western decreases, the equipment again scans and redeter- Plains, including parts of Nebraska, Kansas, and mines the best field of view. To learn how the sprites Oklahoma. propagate and evolve, imaging frame rate is used. NASA is funding the team's work through the The equipment consists of five multispectral imag- Kennedy Space Center. Although red sprites are not ers sensitive from optical through the long wavelength considered a threat to commercial aircraft, the phe- infrared. The images are mounted on a single five-ft- nomenon may pose a hazard to the Space Shuttle and high platform known as an Infrared Optical Camera to other launch vehicles. Shortly after the Livermore System (IROCS). IROCS's instrumentation is con- research team concludes their work in Colorado, the trolled by a single workstation, allowing for a correla- team may reassemble at Cape Canaveral, Florida, in tion of data from all the sensors. an attempt to record sprite activity over the Atlantic. • The optical emission duration from sprites is shorter mmPTPmzm. Opportunities for Employment in the U.S . Weather Bureau ars ago A recent letter nate. It will depend upon Congressional authoriza- fro m the Weather tion of the proposed expansion of the Bureau's Burea u urges all services to meet new peacetime needs and upon meteorologists who other unknown elements. It is expected that there have reemployment will be several hundred new positions or vacancies rights and others who are interested in careers in in the professional grades and more than a thou- the Bureau to file their applications for appointment sand in the subprofessional and clerical grades. to Weather Bureau positions at the earliest pos- Vacancies will range all the way up to senior sible moment. The Chief of the Bureau states that professional grades with salaries $5,000 or higher there are many positions which must be filled in the on a forty-hour work week. Salaries for experi- near future and meteorologists who are well quali- enced technicians and subprofessional experts in fied will have wider choice of positions if their charge of the smaller field stations approximates applications are available for consideration before $2,500 to $3,000 per year. Intermediate profes- the process of filling vacancies is begun. Applica- sional salaries range from $3,000 to $5,000, de- tions may be sent to the placement service of the pending on the responsibilities of the position and i : American Meteorological Society or directly to the the requirements in experience and professional Civil Service Commission or the Weather Bureau, qualifications. There will be many attractive career on Civil Service Form 57, obtainable at all field opportunities in the Weather Bureau and inter- headquarters of the Civil Service Commission or ested candidates should include with their applica- V/ from the organizations referred to above. In some tions full particulars of their professional experi- cases it may be possible to hold vacancie s open for ence, their scientific training and other pertinent those with high priority employment rights if re- qualifications, as well as their preferences as to i lease from the military service is probable within a location, type of work and their prospective date of few months but in order for such cases to have full availability. It is hoped that these facts will be consideration, the applications must be received brought to the attention of all meteorologists, I by the Bureau without delay. whether in the military services or in civil life, who are interested in Weather Bureau career service. The total number of vacancies in the Weather —Editor. Bureau during the next year or two is indetermi- Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 26, 306 . 1658 Vol. 76, No. 9, September 1995

Journal

Bulletin of the American Meteorological SocietyAmerican Meteorological Society

Published: Sep 1, 1995

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