sounder to be flown aboard the nation's environmen- improvements in the skill of numerical weather pre- tal satellites of the future. This contract will be fol- diction models. lowed by others next year for development of a series The first CrIS unit will be flown on the NPOESS of satellite instruments that will improve short-term Preparatory Project (NPP) mission, a joint effort be- weather forecasts and long-term climate prediction, tween the NPOESS Integrated Program Office and Daley said. Earlier this year, a contract was awarded NASA. The NPP mission will provide an early oppor- to Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corporation of tunity, beginning in late 2005, to test and evaluate CrIS Boulder, Colorado, for the development of an Ozone prior to the launch of the first operational NPOESS Mapping and Profiler Suite instrument to improve the spacecraft, as well as demonstrate the utility of the accuracy of earth's ozone measurements. improved atmospheric temperature, moisture, and The contract was awarded 30 August by the tri- pressure data in short-term weather nowcasting and agency Integrated Program Office, which consists of forecasting. Of equal importance, NPP will ensure con- components of NOAA, the U.S. Air Force, and NASA. tinuity of advanced atmospheric infrared sounding The contract, for the design and fabrication of the new data by "bridging" between the NASA Earth Observ- sounder, totals approximately $98 million, including ing System research missions early in the next decade options. The contract will ultimately produce four CrIS and the NPOESS operational missions that will begin units that will use advanced infrared sounding tech- late in the next decade. The remaining three CrIS units nologies at high spectral resolution to accurately mea- will be flown on the operational NPOESS spacecraft. sure the vertical distribution of temperature, moisture, The NPOESS program represents a major step to- and pressure in the atmosphere. The more accurate ward the merger of military and civilian operational CrIS measurements are expected to yield significant meteorological satellites into a single, national system. Once operational in the next decade, the NPOESS will satisfy both civil and national security requirements for space-based, remotely sensed environmental data. "With the award of the CrIS and OMPS contracts, the NPOESS program is well along the path to creat- Secretary's Report for the Year 1948 ing a high performance, integrated polar satellite sys- tem that will cost less, be more responsive to user demands, and deliver more capability than those in use Membership.—The very today," said Captain Craig Nelson, NOAA Corps, who encouraging increase of 702, is executive director of the Integrated Program Office. making our total a new maxi- The NPOESS sensor suites will deliver higher reso- mum of 3364 on Dec. 31, lution and more accurate atmospheric, oceanographic, 1948, has been presented in terrestrial, and solar-geophysical data to support im- some detail by the Executive proved accuracy in short-term weather forecasts and Secretary in his report. A fur- warnings and severe storm warnings, as well as serve ther substantial increase in the data continuity requirements of the climate com- 1949 is not only necessary for the continuation munity for improved climate prediction and assessment. of our present activities and substantial publi- The 1994 Presidential Decision Directive that es- cations, as urged by the Treasurer and the Presi- tablished the NPOESS Integrated Program Office dent, but also reasonably, as indicated by the charged NOAA with overall responsibility for the latter, if members will bring the direct and in- converged system, as well as satellite operations and direct advantages of membership to the atten- interactions with the civil and international user com- tion of potential members. The publication, as munities. The U.S. Air Force has the lead agency re- a supplement to the Nov., 1948 BULLETIN, of a sponsibility for major systems acquisitions, including list of members now makes it possible to check launch support. NASA has primary responsibility for readily which of our amateur or professional facilitating the development and incorporation of new meteorological friends are not members. cost-effective technologies into the converged system. Representatives from all three agencies participated in Bull Amer. Meteor. Soc., 30, 329. the NPOESS CrIS source selection, which was held in Silver Spring, Maryland. • 2380 Vol 80, No. 11, November 1999
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Nov 1, 1999
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