The third section contains four chapters that are more with scientific writing and literature and would be directly related to field experiments. The topics here are useful for teaching how scientific knowledge evolves sample collection and handling, metal-phytoplankton through the synopsis of literature study, laboratory and interactions in marine systems, atmosphere-water- field experiments, and modeling.—Detlev Helmig. roc k interaction in Alpine lakes, and passive bioremediation of metals and inorganic contaminants. Detlev Helmig is a research scientist at the Coop- Each chapter in this book adheres to scientific quo- erative Institute for Research in Environmental Sci- tation format and concludes with a reference list. Ad- ences and the Department of Chemistry and ditionally, one chapter closes with a list of suggested Biochemistry at the University of Colorado, Boulder. further readings. In three of the chapters, future re- search directions, outlooks, and needs are discussed. Warming, Record Winds in The book ends with a common index that contains on Antarctic Stratosphere the order of 1900 index terms. The field of environmental chemistry is evolving through the convergence of diverse traditional scien- The sudden warming tific disciplines. This diversity is reflected by the wide phenomenon noted by at- range of the contributors' research fields as well as the mospheric scientists for approach each takes in presenting his or her field of several years has recently expertise. While an attempt was made to merge the in- bee n observed in the dividual contributions into a comprehensive book, this Souther n Hemisphere. diversity remains obvious. Chapters have different styles Maps of radiation values and quality. About half of the chapters are written as measured by the NOAA-2 reviews and in close to a textbook format. That is, the Vertical Temperature Profile Radiometer authors' fundamental knowledge of the chapter topic is indicated on 12 August 1973 that an ex- reviewed, and the text can be easily followed and un- tremely high horizontal gradient in the derstood. Several of these chapters are excellent over- stratospheri c temperature had been views of the field. In contrast, several other chapters reached. According to R.S. Quiroz of the are more narrow and focus on the contributors' own Upper Air Branch of the National Meteo- experimental work and research. The specifics and rological Center, this happened in the re- depth of the material presented in these chapters are gion between the antarctic continent and more challenging and require advanced interest and the South Atlantic Ocean, and the condition knowledge. The topics of stratospheric chemistry and was followed by amplification of a thermal stratospheric aerosol are treated comprehensively in wave to the east of that region. three chapters. Some of the material overlaps and is The occurrence of substantial warming redundant. Certain figures and reaction schemes are in the upper stratosphere over the antarctic repeatedly presented by several authors rather than cross- was expected, and has been verified there referenced, which is unusual for a book format. by Soviet rocket observations taken at Overall, Perspectives in Environmental Chemistry Molodezhnaya (68S). One of the most is a diverse book that bridges textbooks and research striking features of this event was a wind literature. It provides an in-depth and up-to-date intro- of 234 m sec1, reported on 15 August at an duction to a variety of selected research topics that altitude of about 44 km. This is the high- goes beyond the usual textbook treatise. It should be est wind yet reported in the stratosphere noted that only selected fields of environmental chem- and troposphere. Winds nearly this high, up istry are addressed. Many equally important issues of to 206 m sec1, have previously been ob- environmental chemistry could not be treated in this served in association with stratospheric format and would require additional resources for the warmings in the Northern Hemisphere. teaching of a university course. Perspectives in Envi- ronmental Chemistry is well suited for use in upper- Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 54, 1257. level undergraduate courses in environmental sciences and environmental chemistry, or in graduate courses in environmental studies. It familiarizes the student Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society – American Meteorological Society
Published: Dec 1, 1998
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