The expression of the Arabidopsis plastocyanin (PC) gene is developmentally controlled and regulated by light. During seedling development, PC gene expression is transiently induced, and this induction can be repressed by sucrose. In transgenic seedlings carrying a PC promoter-luciferase fusion gene, the luciferase-induced in vivo luminescence was similarly repressed by sucrose. From a mutagenized population of such transgenic seedlings, we selected for mutant seedlings that displayed a high luminescence level when grown on a medium with 3% sucrose. This screening of mutants resulted in the isolation of several sucrose-uncoupled (sun) mutants showing reduced repression of luminescence by sucrose. Analysis of the sun mutants revealed that the accumulation of PC and chlorophyll a/b binding protein (CAB) mRNA was also sucrose uncoupled, although the extent of uncoupling varied. The effect of sucrose on far-red light high-irradiance responses was studied in wild-type, sun1, sun6, and sun7 seedlings. In wild-type seedlings, sucrose repressed the far-red light-induced cotyledon opening and inhibition of hypocotyl elongation. sun7 seedlings showed reduced repression of these responses. Sucrose also repressed the far-red light-induced block of greening in wild-type seedlings, and both sun6 and sun7 were affected in this response. The results provide evidence for a close interaction between sucrose and light signaling pathways. Moreover, the sun6 and sun7 mutants genetically identify separate branches of phytochrome A-dependent signal transduction pathways.
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