Gene silencing associated with repeated DNA sequences has been reported for many eukaryotes, including plants. However, its biological significance remains to be determined. One important function that has been proposed is the suppression of transposons. Here, we address transposon suppression by examining the behavior of the tobacco retrotransposon Tto1 and endogenous retrotransposons in Arabidopsis. After an initial increase in copy number because of active transposition in the Arabidopsis genome, Tto1 became silent. The amount of transcript was reduced, and the inactivated Tto1 became methylated. This silencing correlated with an increase in copy number. These phenomena mimic repeat-induced gene silencing. The homozygous ddm1 (for decrease in DNA methylation) mutation of Arabidopsis results in genomic DNA hypomethylation and the release of silencing in repeated genes. To investigate the role of DNA methylation and the gene-silencing machinery in the suppression of Tto1 , we introduced the ddm1 mutation into an Arabidopsis line carrying inactivated Tto1 copies. In the homozygous ddm1 background, Tto1 became hypomethylated and transcriptionally and transpositionally active. In addition, one of the newly isolated endogenous Arabidopsis retrotransposon families, named Tar17 , also became hypomethylated and transcriptionally active in the ddm1 mutant background. Our results suggest that the inactivation of retrotransposons and the silencing of repeated genes have mechanisms in common.
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera