Relation between Mesophyll Surface Area, Photosynthetic Rate, and Illumination Level during Development for Leaves of Plectranthus parviflorus Henckel

Relation between Mesophyll Surface Area, Photosynthetic Rate, and Illumination Level during... The influence of illumination level during leaf development on the mesophyll cell surface area per unit leaf area ( A mes / A ), CO 2 resistances, and the photosynthetic rate was determined for leaves of Plectranthus parviflorus Henckel. The relative importance of A mes / A versus CO 2 resistances in accounting for observed changes in photosynthesis was quantitatively evaluated using equations based on analogies to electrical circuits. When the illumination during development was raised from 900 to 42,000 lux, the leaves more than tripled in thickness as the mesophyll cells increased in size and frequency, which caused A mes / A to go from 11 to 50. The net rate of photosynthesis at light saturation concomitantly increased 4-fold, reflecting a corresponding decrease in the total resistance for CO 2 movement per unit leaf area. However, the CO 2 resistance per unit area of mesophyll cells remained about 580 seconds per centimeter for leaves grown under 900 to 42,000 lux. Thus, for P. parviflorus , the increased photosynthetic rate for leaves developing under higher illuminations resulted from a higher A mes / A , not from changes in the CO 2 resistances within individual mesophyll cells, expressed per unit area of cell surface. Results are discussed in terms of previously observed increases in thickness, internal leaf area, and photosynthetic rates for sun versus shade leaves on various plant species. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

Relation between Mesophyll Surface Area, Photosynthetic Rate, and Illumination Level during Development for Leaves of Plectranthus parviflorus Henckel

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Publisher
American Society of Plant Biologist
Copyright
Copyright © 1975 by the American Society of Plant Biologists
ISSN
1532-2548
eISSN
0032-0889
D.O.I.
10.1104/pp.55.6.1067
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The influence of illumination level during leaf development on the mesophyll cell surface area per unit leaf area ( A mes / A ), CO 2 resistances, and the photosynthetic rate was determined for leaves of Plectranthus parviflorus Henckel. The relative importance of A mes / A versus CO 2 resistances in accounting for observed changes in photosynthesis was quantitatively evaluated using equations based on analogies to electrical circuits. When the illumination during development was raised from 900 to 42,000 lux, the leaves more than tripled in thickness as the mesophyll cells increased in size and frequency, which caused A mes / A to go from 11 to 50. The net rate of photosynthesis at light saturation concomitantly increased 4-fold, reflecting a corresponding decrease in the total resistance for CO 2 movement per unit leaf area. However, the CO 2 resistance per unit area of mesophyll cells remained about 580 seconds per centimeter for leaves grown under 900 to 42,000 lux. Thus, for P. parviflorus , the increased photosynthetic rate for leaves developing under higher illuminations resulted from a higher A mes / A , not from changes in the CO 2 resistances within individual mesophyll cells, expressed per unit area of cell surface. Results are discussed in terms of previously observed increases in thickness, internal leaf area, and photosynthetic rates for sun versus shade leaves on various plant species.

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