We have shown (S. Bajaj and M.V. Rajam (1995) Plant Cell Rep 14: 717–720) that a significant reduction in morphogenetic potential occurs in callus cultures of rice (Oryza sativa L. cv TN-1) (up to 1 year old), and that plant regeneration could be improved in such cultures with spermidine treatment. We now show a near loss in plant regeneration capacity, concomitant with massive polyamine accumulation (primarily the diamine putrescine), due to the increase in arginine decarboxylase activity and an altered putrescine-to-spermidine ratio in 20- and 36-month-old rice callus cultures. The blockage of polyamine accumulation due to the reduction in arginine decarboxylase activity by a putrescine synthesis inhibitor, (alpha)-difluoromethylarginine, completely restored plant regeneration capacity in these long-term cultures. Additionally, spermidine treatment of long-term cultures caused an increase in cellular spermidine content and a reduction in putrescine content and arginine decarboxylase activity, leading to an adjustment in putrescine-to-spermidine ratio and the restoration of plant regeneration ability.
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera