Phosphorylation of Retinoblastoma-Related Protein by the Cyclin D/Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Complex Is Activated at the G1/S-Phase Transition in Tobacco

Phosphorylation of Retinoblastoma-Related Protein by the Cyclin D/Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Complex... In mammals, D-type cyclin-associated kinases mainly regulate the G1/S transition by phosphorylating the retinoblastoma (Rb) protein. We previously demonstrated that in tobacco, cyclin D (Nicta; CycD3;3) is complexed with the PSTAIRE-containing cyclin-dependent kinase (CDKA) from tobacco. Here, we show that Nicta; CycD3;3–associated kinases phosphorylate both the tobacco Rb-related protein (NtRb1) and histone H1. Although NtRb1 kinase activity was detected only during the middle G1- to early S-phase, histone H1 kinase activity was observed as two peaks in G1- to S-phase and G2/M- to M-phase. Importantly, we show that the proportion of cells in the G1-phase was reduced in transgenic Bright Yellow-2 cells overexpressing Nicta; CycD3;3-GFP . Mutational analyses revealed that phosphorylation of Thr-191 in Nicta; CycD3;3 possibly is required for both full kinase activity and localization predominantly to the nucleus. These data suggest that Nicta; CycD3;3 acts as a rate-limiting regulator in the G1/S transition by forming active complexes with CDKA or its related kinases to phosphorylate Rb-related protein and potentially plays a novel role during G2/M and mitosis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

Phosphorylation of Retinoblastoma-Related Protein by the Cyclin D/Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Complex Is Activated at the G1/S-Phase Transition in Tobacco

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Publisher
American Society of Plant Biologist
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by the American Society of Plant Biologists
ISSN
1040-4651
eISSN
1532-298X
D.O.I.
10.1105/tpc.002550
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In mammals, D-type cyclin-associated kinases mainly regulate the G1/S transition by phosphorylating the retinoblastoma (Rb) protein. We previously demonstrated that in tobacco, cyclin D (Nicta; CycD3;3) is complexed with the PSTAIRE-containing cyclin-dependent kinase (CDKA) from tobacco. Here, we show that Nicta; CycD3;3–associated kinases phosphorylate both the tobacco Rb-related protein (NtRb1) and histone H1. Although NtRb1 kinase activity was detected only during the middle G1- to early S-phase, histone H1 kinase activity was observed as two peaks in G1- to S-phase and G2/M- to M-phase. Importantly, we show that the proportion of cells in the G1-phase was reduced in transgenic Bright Yellow-2 cells overexpressing Nicta; CycD3;3-GFP . Mutational analyses revealed that phosphorylation of Thr-191 in Nicta; CycD3;3 possibly is required for both full kinase activity and localization predominantly to the nucleus. These data suggest that Nicta; CycD3;3 acts as a rate-limiting regulator in the G1/S transition by forming active complexes with CDKA or its related kinases to phosphorylate Rb-related protein and potentially plays a novel role during G2/M and mitosis.

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