Osmosensitivity of Sucrose Uptake by Immature Pea Cotyledons Disappears during Development

Osmosensitivity of Sucrose Uptake by Immature Pea Cotyledons Disappears during Development Sucrose uptake was studied in isolated, immature pea cotyledons ( Pisum sativum L. cv Marzia) in relation to their developmental stage. During the developmental period examined the water content of the cotyledons decreased from ≈80% “stage 1” to ≈55% “stage 2”. When assayed in an isotonic medium (400 osmoles per cubic meter) the influx capacity per gram fresh weight for sucrose was almost constant during this developmental period. The influx could be analyzed into a saturable component ( K m ≈ 9 moles per cubic meter; V max ≈ 150 nanomoles per minute per gram fresh weight) and an unsaturable component ( k i ≈ 0.5 nanomoles per minute per gram fresh weight (per mole per cubic meter)). Incubation in a hypotonic medium reduced the sucrose influx in stage 1 cotyledons, up to 80% reduction at 0 milliosmole (medium without mannitol), but had no effect on sucrose uptake by stage 2 cotyledons. Reduced uptake in a hypotonic medium (100 osmoles per cubic meter) could be attributed to a lowering of the V max from 150 to 36 nanomoles per minute per gram fresh weight. During incubation of stage 1 cotyledons and stage 2-cotyledons in a hypotonic medium (200 osmoles per cubic meter) their volume increased by 16% and 5.6%, respectively, while the calculated turgor pressure increased from 0.2 to 0.6 megapascal for cotyledons of both developmental stages. Reduced sucrose influx in hypotonic medium, therefore, seems to be related to cell swelling (membrane stretching) rather than to increased turgor pressure. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

Osmosensitivity of Sucrose Uptake by Immature Pea Cotyledons Disappears during Development

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Publisher
American Society of Plant Biologist
Copyright
Copyright © 1991 by the American Society of Plant Biologists
ISSN
1532-2548
eISSN
0032-0889
D.O.I.
10.1104/pp.95.3.832
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Sucrose uptake was studied in isolated, immature pea cotyledons ( Pisum sativum L. cv Marzia) in relation to their developmental stage. During the developmental period examined the water content of the cotyledons decreased from ≈80% “stage 1” to ≈55% “stage 2”. When assayed in an isotonic medium (400 osmoles per cubic meter) the influx capacity per gram fresh weight for sucrose was almost constant during this developmental period. The influx could be analyzed into a saturable component ( K m ≈ 9 moles per cubic meter; V max ≈ 150 nanomoles per minute per gram fresh weight) and an unsaturable component ( k i ≈ 0.5 nanomoles per minute per gram fresh weight (per mole per cubic meter)). Incubation in a hypotonic medium reduced the sucrose influx in stage 1 cotyledons, up to 80% reduction at 0 milliosmole (medium without mannitol), but had no effect on sucrose uptake by stage 2 cotyledons. Reduced uptake in a hypotonic medium (100 osmoles per cubic meter) could be attributed to a lowering of the V max from 150 to 36 nanomoles per minute per gram fresh weight. During incubation of stage 1 cotyledons and stage 2-cotyledons in a hypotonic medium (200 osmoles per cubic meter) their volume increased by 16% and 5.6%, respectively, while the calculated turgor pressure increased from 0.2 to 0.6 megapascal for cotyledons of both developmental stages. Reduced sucrose influx in hypotonic medium, therefore, seems to be related to cell swelling (membrane stretching) rather than to increased turgor pressure.

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