Quality control in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) prevents the arrival of incorrectly or incompletely folded proteins at their final destinations and targets permanently misfolded proteins for degradation. Such proteins have a high affinity for the ER chaperone BiP and are finally degraded via retrograde translocation from the ER lumen back to the cytosol. This ER-associated protein degradation (ERAD) is currently thought to constitute the main disposal route, but there is growing evidence for a vacuolar role in quality control. We show that BiP is transported to the vacuole in a wortmannin-sensitive manner in tobacco ( Nicotiana tabacum ) and that it could play an active role in this second disposal route. ER export of BiP occurs via COPII-dependent transport to the Golgi apparatus, where it competes with other HDEL receptor ligands. When HDEL-mediated retrieval from the Golgi fails, BiP is transported to the lytic vacuole via multivesicular bodies, which represent the plant prevacuolar compartment. We also demonstrate that a subset of BiP-ligand complexes is destined to the vacuole and differs from those likely to be disposed of via the ERAD pathway. Vacuolar disposal could act in addition to ERAD to maximize the efficiency of quality control in the secretory pathway.
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera