Energy charge ((ATP) + ½ (ADP))/((ATP) + (ADP) + (AMP)) and glutamine synthetase activity (transferase reaction) of roots increase in a near congruent manner when decotyledonized sunflower plants ( Helianthus annuus L. var. Mammoth Russian) are grown in nitrate for 9 days. Replacement of nitrate with ammonium for the final 2 days leads to a higher energy charge and increased enzyme activity. Similar correlations occur when nitrate plants are placed on a zero nitrogen regimen and when they are subjected to continuous darkness. A rank order correlation of 0.72 is obtained for all data. Control concepts such as adenylylation-deadenylylation and ammonium inhibition of enzyme synthesis are not supported by the data. Energy charge-enzyme activity plots support the view that glutamine synthetase of sunflower roots is subject to control by end products of glutamine metabolism. Alanine appears to exert a modulating effect on the regulation of glutamine synthetase by energy charge.
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