The development of a simple method for the isolation of purified carboxysomes from the cyanobacterium Synechococcus PCC7942 has made it possible to identify a specific and inducible, intracellular carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity that is strongly associated with carboxysomes. This was shown, in part, through enzyme recovery experiments that indicated that a clear majority of a CA activity that is sensitive to the CA inhibitor ethoxyzolamide (I 50 = 4 μ m ) copurifies with a majority of the cell's ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase activity in a highly purified pelletable fraction. Electron microscopy of this pelletable fraction revealed the presence of carboxysomes that were physically intact. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis of carboxysome proteins showed that the large and small subunits of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carbosylase/oxygenase were clearly prominent and that several other minor proteins could be distinguished. The specific location of this carboxysomal CA activity is further reinforced by the finding that a previously isolated high CO 2 -requiring mutant, Type II/No. 68 (G.D. Price, M.R. Badger (1989) Plant Physiol 91: 514-525), displayed a 30-fold reduction in carboxysome-associated CA activity when tested under optimal conditions. Carboxysomal CA has the unusual property of being inactivated by dithiothreitol. The enzyme also requires 20 m m Mg 2+ (as MgSO 4 ) for near maximum activity; other divalent cations, such as Ca 2+ and Mn 2+ , also stimulate carboxysomal CA activity, but to a lesser extent than Mg 2+ . Results are discussed in relation to the role of carboxysomes in the CO 2 -concentrating mechanism in cyanobacteria and the role that carboxysomal CA activity appears to play in this process.
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera