Ammonium and Amino Acids as Regulators of Nitrate Reductase in Corn Roots

Ammonium and Amino Acids as Regulators of Nitrate Reductase in Corn Roots When amino acids or ammonia are added to plant systems, the effects on the development of nitrate-dependent nitrate reductase activity are variable. In addition, amino acids added singly or as casein hydrolysate may not support a normal growth. A physiologically correct mixture of amino acids, one similar in composition to amino acids released by the endosperm, has been shown to support normal growth and protein synthesis in corn ( Zea mays ) embryos. In this investigation, we have used the mixture of corn amino acids to determine whether amino acids have an effect on the appearance or disappearance of nitrate reductase activity. The results show that these amino acids partially inhibit the induction of nitrate reductase in corn roots. The effect is more pronounced in mature root than in root tip sections. When glutamine and asparagine are included along with the “corn amino acid mixture,” the inhibition is more severe. Amino acids or amino acid analogues added singly to the induction medium have a similar effect: i.e. when the induction of nitrate reductase is inhibited in the root tips (lysine, canavanine, azaserine, azetidine-2-carboxylic acid, dl -4-azaleucine, asparagine, and glutamine), that inhibition is more severe in mature root sections. Arginine enhanced the recovery of nitrate reductase in root tips but inhibited it in mature root sections. The effect of the amino acids is apparently on some phase of the induction processes ( i.e. the uptake or distribution of nitrate or a direct effect on the synthesis of the enzyme) and not on the turnover of the enzyme. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

Ammonium and Amino Acids as Regulators of Nitrate Reductase in Corn Roots

Loading next page...
 
/lp/american-society-of-plant-biologist/ammonium-and-amino-acids-as-regulators-of-nitrate-reductase-in-corn-43jLG00WPr
Publisher
American Society of Plant Biologist
Copyright
Copyright © 1977 by the American Society of Plant Biologists
ISSN
1532-2548
eISSN
0032-0889
D.O.I.
10.1104/pp.59.3.391
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

When amino acids or ammonia are added to plant systems, the effects on the development of nitrate-dependent nitrate reductase activity are variable. In addition, amino acids added singly or as casein hydrolysate may not support a normal growth. A physiologically correct mixture of amino acids, one similar in composition to amino acids released by the endosperm, has been shown to support normal growth and protein synthesis in corn ( Zea mays ) embryos. In this investigation, we have used the mixture of corn amino acids to determine whether amino acids have an effect on the appearance or disappearance of nitrate reductase activity. The results show that these amino acids partially inhibit the induction of nitrate reductase in corn roots. The effect is more pronounced in mature root than in root tip sections. When glutamine and asparagine are included along with the “corn amino acid mixture,” the inhibition is more severe. Amino acids or amino acid analogues added singly to the induction medium have a similar effect: i.e. when the induction of nitrate reductase is inhibited in the root tips (lysine, canavanine, azaserine, azetidine-2-carboxylic acid, dl -4-azaleucine, asparagine, and glutamine), that inhibition is more severe in mature root sections. Arginine enhanced the recovery of nitrate reductase in root tips but inhibited it in mature root sections. The effect of the amino acids is apparently on some phase of the induction processes ( i.e. the uptake or distribution of nitrate or a direct effect on the synthesis of the enzyme) and not on the turnover of the enzyme.

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off