Active Oxygen Species in Plant Defense against Pathogens

Active Oxygen Species in Plant Defense against Pathogens AOS are toxic intermediates that result from successive oneThe electron steps in the reduction of molecular 02. predominant species detected in plant-pathogen interactions are superoxide anion (O2-), hydrogen peroxide (H202),and hydroxyl radical (OH). The oxidative burst is correlated with the HR in a number of plant-pathogen interactions and therefore may be an important element contributing to disease resistance. This review first describes the occurrence of the oxidative burst in severa1 plant-pathogen interactions. Second, recent progress toward understanding the regulation and properties of the molecular components involved in the generation of AOS is highlighted. Third, possible functions of AOS that may contribute to disease resistance are dscussed. The reader is also referred to an excellent past review on this subject (Sutherland, 1991). CHEMISTRY OF AOS DURINC THE OXIDATIVE BURST AOS are routinely generated at low levels by plant cells due to electron transport in chloroplasts, mitochondria, and enzymes in other cell compartments involved in reductionoxidation processes. The first reaction during the pathogeninduced oxidative burst is believed to be the one-electron reduction of molecular oxygen to form superoxide anion (O2-). aqueous solutions, the superoxide anion undergoes In spontaneous dismutation in an overall reaction written as 2 02- + 2 H+ http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

Active Oxygen Species in Plant Defense against Pathogens

Jun 19, 1994

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Publisher
American Society of Plant Biologist
Copyright
Copyright © 1994 by the American Society of Plant Biologists
ISSN
1532-2548
eISSN
0032-0889
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AOS are toxic intermediates that result from successive oneThe electron steps in the reduction of molecular 02. predominant species detected in plant-pathogen interactions are superoxide anion (O2-), hydrogen peroxide (H202),and hydroxyl radical (OH). The oxidative burst is correlated with the HR in a number of plant-pathogen interactions and therefore may be an important element contributing to disease resistance. This review first describes the occurrence of the oxidative burst in severa1 plant-pathogen interactions. Second, recent progress toward understanding the regulation and properties of the molecular components involved in the generation of AOS is highlighted. Third, possible functions of AOS that may contribute to disease resistance are dscussed. The reader is also referred to an excellent past review on this subject (Sutherland, 1991). CHEMISTRY OF AOS DURINC THE OXIDATIVE BURST AOS are routinely generated at low levels by plant cells due to electron transport in chloroplasts, mitochondria, and enzymes in other cell compartments involved in reductionoxidation processes. The first reaction during the pathogeninduced oxidative burst is believed to be the one-electron reduction of molecular oxygen to form superoxide anion (O2-). aqueous solutions, the superoxide anion undergoes In spontaneous dismutation in an overall reaction written as 2 02- + 2 H+

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