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Mutation of R Factors Capable of Specifying Hypersynthesis of Penicillinase

Mutation of R Factors Capable of Specifying Hypersynthesis of Penicillinase Yoshihiro Odakura , Tokumitsu Tanaka , Hajime Hashimoto and Susumu Mitsuhashi Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Gunma University, Maebashi, Japan ABSTRACT When strains harboring R factor and showing ampicillin (APC) resistance were inoculated on plates containing various concentrations of APC, mutants carrying various levels of APC resistance occurred at high frequencies. Increases in the level of APC resistance were due to a quantitative increase in the formation of penicillinase. By conjugation experiments and transduction analysis, the mutation was found to affect the gene ( amp ) governing APC resistance on the R factor. The R-factor mutants carrying high and stable APC resistance were conjugally transferred at the same frequency as their parent R factors, and the level of their resistance to drugs other than APC was not distinct from that conferred by their parents. Such R-factor mutants could easily be obtained from wild-type R factors carrying low APC resistance. The hypersynthesis of penicillinase by such R-factor mutants was considered to be due to the replication of the amp gene on the R factor at hyper-rates and the integration of multiple copies of the amp gene ( amp -hyper) in the R-factor genome. Copyright © 1973 American Society for Microbiology CiteULike Connotea Delicious Digg Facebook Google+ Mendeley Reddit StumbleUpon Twitter What's this? « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article doi: 10.1128/​AAC.3.3.315 Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. March 1973 vol. 3 no. 3 315-324 » Abstract PDF Classifications ARTICLE Services Email this article to a colleague Similar articles in ASM journals Alert me when this article is cited Alert me if a correction is posted Similar articles in this journal Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Alert me to new issues of AAC Download to citation manager Reprints and Permissions Copyright Information Books from ASM Press MicrobeWorld Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Odakura, Y. Articles by Mitsuhashi, S. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Odakura, Y. Articles by Mitsuhashi, S. Related Content Load related web page information Social Bookmarking CiteULike Connotea Delicious Digg Facebook Google+ Mendeley Reddit StumbleUpon Twitter What's this? current issue December 2011, volume 55, issue 12 Alert me to new issues of AAC About AAC Subscribers Authors Reviewers Advertisers Inquiries from the Press Permissions & Commercial Reprints ASM Journals Public Access Policy AAC RSS Feeds 1752 N Street N.W. • Washington DC 20036 202.737.3600 • 202.942.9355 fax • journals@asmusa.org Print ISSN: 0066-4804 Online ISSN: 1098-6596 Copyright © 2011 by the American Society for Microbiology. For an alternate route to AAC .asm.org, visit: http://intl- AAC .asm.org | More Info» var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? "https://ssl." : "http://www."); document.write(unescape("%3Cscript src='" + gaJsHost + "google-analytics.com/ga.js' type='text/javascript'%3E%3C/script%3E")); var pageTracker = _gat._getTracker("UA-5821458-3"); pageTracker._trackPageview(); http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy American Society For Microbiology

Mutation of R Factors Capable of Specifying Hypersynthesis of Penicillinase

Abstract

Mutation of R Factors Capable of Specifying Hypersynthesis of Penicillinase Yoshihiro Odakura , Tokumitsu Tanaka , Hajime Hashimoto and Susumu Mitsuhashi Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Gunma University, Maebashi, Japan ABSTRACT When strains harboring R factor and showing ampicillin (APC) resistance were inoculated on plates containing various concentrations of APC, mutants carrying various levels of APC resistance occurred at high frequencies. Increases in the level of APC resistance were due to a quantitative increase in the formation of penicillinase. By conjugation experiments and transduction analysis, the mutation was found to affect the gene ( amp ) governing APC resistance on the R factor. The R-factor mutants carrying high and stable APC resistance were conjugally transferred at the same frequency as their parent R factors, and the level of their resistance to drugs other than APC was not distinct from that conferred by their parents. Such R-factor mutants could easily be obtained from wild-type R factors carrying low APC resistance. The hypersynthesis of penicillinase by such R-factor mutants was considered to be due to the replication of the amp gene on the R factor at hyper-rates and the integration of multiple copies of the amp gene ( amp -hyper) in the R-factor genome. Copyright © 1973 American Society for Microbiology CiteULike Connotea Delicious Digg Facebook Google+ Mendeley Reddit StumbleUpon Twitter What's this? « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article doi: 10.1128/​AAC.3.3.315 Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. March 1973 vol. 3 no. 3 315-324 » Abstract PDF Classifications ARTICLE Services Email this article to a colleague Similar articles in ASM journals Alert me when this article is cited Alert me if a correction is posted Similar articles in this journal Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Alert me to new issues of AAC Download to citation manager Reprints and Permissions Copyright Information Books from ASM Press MicrobeWorld Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Odakura, Y. Articles by Mitsuhashi, S. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Odakura, Y. Articles by Mitsuhashi, S. Related Content Load related web page information Social Bookmarking CiteULike Connotea Delicious Digg Facebook Google+ Mendeley Reddit StumbleUpon Twitter What's this? current issue December 2011, volume 55, issue 12 Alert me to new issues of AAC About AAC Subscribers Authors Reviewers Advertisers Inquiries from the Press Permissions & Commercial Reprints ASM Journals Public Access Policy AAC RSS Feeds 1752 N Street N.W. • Washington DC 20036 202.737.3600 • 202.942.9355 fax • journals@asmusa.org Print ISSN: 0066-4804 Online ISSN: 1098-6596 Copyright © 2011 by the American Society for Microbiology. For an alternate route to AAC .asm.org, visit: http://intl- AAC .asm.org | More Info» var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? "https://ssl." : "http://www."); document.write(unescape("%3Cscript src='" + gaJsHost + "google-analytics.com/ga.js' type='text/javascript'%3E%3C/script%3E")); var pageTracker = _gat._getTracker("UA-5821458-3"); pageTracker._trackPageview();
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