“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”

Instant Access to Thousands of Journals for just $40/month

Identification of phorbol ester response elements in the promoter of Epstein-Barr virus putative lytic switch gene BZLF1.

Identification of phorbol ester response elements in the promoter of Epstein-Barr virus putative lytic switch gene BZLF1. E Flemington and S H Speck Division of Tumor Virology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts. ABSTRACT The product of the Epstein-Barr virus BZLF1 gene encodes a protein which is related to c-fos, it has been shown to bind specifically to a consensus AP-1 site, and its expression in latently Epstein-Barr virus-infected lymphocytes is sufficient to trigger the viral lytic cycle. We identified several elements within the BZLF1 promoter (Zp) which are responsive to the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), an inducer of the viral lytic cycle. These elements fall into two classes based on the factors which bind to these sequences and their resulting functional behavior. Four of the elements are homologous (ZI elements) and share homology to a protein-binding domain in the promoter region of the coordinately expressed BRLF1 gene. When cloned upstream of heterologous promoters, the ZI elements function as silencers which exhibit TPA-inducible enhancer activity. A distinct TPA-responsive element (ZII) is located near the TATA box and shares homology with the AP-1-binding site in the c-jun promoter. A synthetic oligonucleotide with a sequence corresponding to the ZII element effectively competes for binding of nuclear factors to the c-jun AP-1 site. Furthermore, we found that a complex of c-jun and c-fos bound to the ZII domain. CiteULike Connotea Delicious Digg Facebook Google+ Mendeley Reddit StumbleUpon Twitter What's this? « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article J. Virol. March 1990 vol. 64 no. 3 1217-1226 » Abstract PDF Classifications Research Article Services Email this article to a colleague Similar articles in ASM journals Alert me when this article is cited Alert me if a correction is posted Similar articles in this journal Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Alert me to new issues of JVI Download to citation manager Reprints and Permissions Copyright Information Books from ASM Press MicrobeWorld Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Flemington, E. Articles by Speck, S. H. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Flemington, E. Articles by Speck, S. H. Related Content Load related web page information Social Bookmarking CiteULike Connotea Delicious Digg Facebook Google+ Mendeley Reddit StumbleUpon Twitter What's this? current issue January 2012, volume 86, issue 1 Spotlights in the Current Issue Two Xenotropic Murine Leukemia Virus Parents Breaking the Entry Targeting Barrier Complex Morphology and Dynamic Development of Poliovirus Membranous Replication Structures Revealed A Staining Artifact Explains Apparent Varicella-Zoster Virus Protein Expression in Neurons Recent Mumps Outbreaks Are Not Caused by Immune Escape Alert me to new issues of JVI About JVI Subscribers Authors Reviewers Advertisers Inquiries from the Press Permissions & Commercial Reprints ASM Journals Public Access Policy JVI RSS Feeds 1752 N Street N.W. • Washington DC 20036 202.737.3600 • 202.942.9355 fax • journals@asmusa.org Print ISSN: 0022-538X Online ISSN: 1098-5514 Copyright © 2011 by the American Society for Microbiology. For an alternate route to JVI .asm.org, visit: http://intl- JVI .asm.org | More Info» var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? "https://ssl." : "http://www."); document.write(unescape("%3Cscript src='" + gaJsHost + "google-analytics.com/ga.js' type='text/javascript'%3E%3C/script%3E")); var pageTracker = _gat._getTracker("UA-5821458-1"); pageTracker._trackPageview(); http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Virology American Society For Microbiology

Identification of phorbol ester response elements in the promoter of Epstein-Barr virus putative lytic switch gene BZLF1.

Abstract

Identification of phorbol ester response elements in the promoter of Epstein-Barr virus putative lytic switch gene BZLF1. E Flemington and S H Speck Division of Tumor Virology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts. ABSTRACT The product of the Epstein-Barr virus BZLF1 gene encodes a protein which is related to c-fos, it has been shown to bind specifically to a consensus AP-1 site, and its expression in latently Epstein-Barr virus-infected lymphocytes is sufficient to trigger the viral lytic cycle. We identified several elements within the BZLF1 promoter (Zp) which are responsive to the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), an inducer of the viral lytic cycle. These elements fall into two classes based on the factors which bind to these sequences and their resulting functional behavior. Four of the elements are homologous (ZI elements) and share homology to a protein-binding domain in the promoter region of the coordinately expressed BRLF1 gene. When cloned upstream of heterologous promoters, the ZI elements function as silencers which exhibit TPA-inducible enhancer activity. A distinct TPA-responsive element (ZII) is located near the TATA box and shares homology with the AP-1-binding site in the c-jun promoter. A synthetic oligonucleotide with a sequence corresponding to the ZII element effectively competes for binding of nuclear factors to the c-jun AP-1 site. Furthermore, we found that a complex of c-jun and c-fos bound to the ZII domain. CiteULike Connotea Delicious Digg Facebook Google+ Mendeley Reddit StumbleUpon Twitter What's this? « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article J. Virol. March 1990 vol. 64 no. 3 1217-1226 » Abstract PDF Classifications Research Article Services Email this article to a colleague Similar articles in ASM journals Alert me when this article is cited Alert me if a correction is posted Similar articles in this journal Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Alert me to new issues of JVI Download to citation manager Reprints and Permissions Copyright Information Books from ASM Press MicrobeWorld Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Flemington, E. Articles by Speck, S. H. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Flemington, E. Articles by Speck, S. H. Related Content Load related web page information Social Bookmarking CiteULike Connotea Delicious Digg Facebook Google+ Mendeley Reddit StumbleUpon Twitter What's this? current issue January 2012, volume 86, issue 1 Spotlights in the Current Issue Two Xenotropic Murine Leukemia Virus Parents Breaking the Entry Targeting Barrier Complex Morphology and Dynamic Development of Poliovirus Membranous Replication Structures Revealed A Staining Artifact Explains Apparent Varicella-Zoster Virus Protein Expression in Neurons Recent Mumps Outbreaks Are Not Caused by Immune Escape Alert me to new issues of JVI About JVI Subscribers Authors Reviewers Advertisers Inquiries from the Press Permissions & Commercial Reprints ASM Journals Public Access Policy JVI RSS Feeds 1752 N Street N.W. • Washington DC 20036 202.737.3600 • 202.942.9355 fax • journals@asmusa.org Print ISSN: 0022-538X Online ISSN: 1098-5514 Copyright © 2011 by the American Society for Microbiology. For an alternate route to JVI .asm.org, visit: http://intl- JVI .asm.org | More Info» var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? "https://ssl." : "http://www."); document.write(unescape("%3Cscript src='" + gaJsHost + "google-analytics.com/ga.js' type='text/javascript'%3E%3C/script%3E")); var pageTracker = _gat._getTracker("UA-5821458-1"); pageTracker._trackPageview();
Loading next page...
 
/lp/american-society-for-microbiology/identification-of-phorbol-ester-response-elements-in-the-promoter-of-WkCMFHC0kS

Sorry, we don’t have permission to share this article on DeepDyve,
but here are related articles that you can start reading right now:

Explore the DeepDyve Library

How DeepDyve Works

Spend time researching, not time worrying you’re buying articles that might not be useful.

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from Springer, Elsevier, Nature, IEEE, Wiley-Blackwell and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Simple and Affordable Pricing

14-day free trial. Cancel anytime, with a 30-day money-back guarantee.

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$40/month

Best Deal — 25% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 25% off!
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$30/month
billed annually