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Comparative In Vitro Appraisal of Piperacillin, Including Its Activity Against Salmonella typhi

Comparative In Vitro Appraisal of Piperacillin, Including Its Activity Against Salmonella typhi Roy G. Robinson , Jean Saunders , Robert Cassel , Colin S. Block and Hendrik J. Koornhof Department of Microbiology, School of Pathology, University of the Witwatersrand and South African Institute for Medical Research, 2000 Johannesburg, South Africa ABSTRACT Piperacillin was evaluated in vitro against 711 clinical isolates of aerobic and anerobic gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, including 76 isolates of Salmonella typhi . Piperacillin minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) were compared with those of a range of β-lactam, aminoglycoside, and other antimicrobial agents, and inoculum size effects were considered. The relationship between dilution and disk diffusion tests was studied by regression analysis. In addition, piperacillin was assessed in combination with aminoglycoside and other β-lactam drugs. This investigation has confirmed the activity of piperacillin against a broad range of bacteria, including Pseudomonas, Enterobacteriaceae, Neisseria , β-lactamase-negative Haemophilus influenzae , and Staphylococcus aureus as well as enterococci, Bacteroides fragilis , and other anaerobes. All strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were inhibited by ≤32 μg/ml or less, demonstrating again the potential usefulness of piperacillin in the treatment of pseudomonal infections. S. typhi proved susceptible to piperacillin, all isolates being inhibited by 1 μg/ml. Inoculum size experiments showed that inocula of 10 8 CFU resulted in MICs and MBCs appreciably higher than those resulting from inocula of 10 6 CFU, and inocula of 10 2 CFU resulted in MICs and MBCs appreciably lower than those resulting from inocula of 10 4 CFU. Piperacillin was active against all gentamicin-resistant pseudomonads tested, but not against gentamicin-resistant klebsiellas and enterobacters. Combinations of piperacillin with tobramycin and amikacin were consistently synergistic against Pseudomonas and Serratia isolates. Less consistent results were shown when piperacillin was combined with aminoglycosides or cephalothin against Klebsiella and indole-positive Proteus isolates, although synergy was observed in most cases. Occasional antagonistic reactions were encountered with piperacillin-cephalothin or piperacillin-tobramycin combinations against the latter isolates. Copyright © 1980, American Society for Microbiology CiteULike Connotea Delicious Digg Facebook Google+ Mendeley Reddit StumbleUpon Twitter What's this? « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article doi: 10.1128/​AAC.18.4.493 Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. October 1980 vol. 18 no. 4 493-501 » Abstract PDF Classifications Physiological Effects and Microbial Susceptibility Services Email this article to a colleague Similar articles in ASM journals Alert me when this article is cited Alert me if a correction is posted Similar articles in this journal Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Alert me to new issues of AAC Download to citation manager Reprints and Permissions Copyright Information Books from ASM Press MicrobeWorld Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Robinson, R. G. Articles by Koornhof, H. J. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Robinson, R. G. Articles by Koornhof, H. J. Related Content Load related web page information Social Bookmarking CiteULike Connotea Delicious Digg Facebook Google+ Mendeley Reddit StumbleUpon Twitter What's this? current issue December 2011, volume 55, issue 12 Alert me to new issues of AAC About AAC Subscribers Authors Reviewers Advertisers Inquiries from the Press Permissions & Commercial Reprints ASM Journals Public Access Policy AAC RSS Feeds 1752 N Street N.W. • Washington DC 20036 202.737.3600 • 202.942.9355 fax • journals@asmusa.org Print ISSN: 0066-4804 Online ISSN: 1098-6596 Copyright © 2011 by the American Society for Microbiology. For an alternate route to AAC .asm.org, visit: http://intl- AAC .asm.org | More Info» var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? "https://ssl." : "http://www."); document.write(unescape("%3Cscript src='" + gaJsHost + "google-analytics.com/ga.js' type='text/javascript'%3E%3C/script%3E")); var pageTracker = _gat._getTracker("UA-5821458-3"); pageTracker._trackPageview(); http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy American Society For Microbiology

Comparative In Vitro Appraisal of Piperacillin, Including Its Activity Against Salmonella typhi

Abstract

Comparative In Vitro Appraisal of Piperacillin, Including Its Activity Against Salmonella typhi Roy G. Robinson , Jean Saunders , Robert Cassel , Colin S. Block and Hendrik J. Koornhof Department of Microbiology, School of Pathology, University of the Witwatersrand and South African Institute for Medical Research, 2000 Johannesburg, South Africa ABSTRACT Piperacillin was evaluated in vitro against 711 clinical isolates of aerobic and anerobic gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, including 76 isolates of Salmonella typhi . Piperacillin minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) were compared with those of a range of β-lactam, aminoglycoside, and other antimicrobial agents, and inoculum size effects were considered. The relationship between dilution and disk diffusion tests was studied by regression analysis. In addition, piperacillin was assessed in combination with aminoglycoside and other β-lactam drugs. This investigation has confirmed the activity of piperacillin against a broad range of bacteria, including Pseudomonas, Enterobacteriaceae, Neisseria , β-lactamase-negative Haemophilus influenzae , and Staphylococcus aureus as well as enterococci, Bacteroides fragilis , and other anaerobes. All strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were inhibited by ≤32 μg/ml or less, demonstrating again the potential usefulness of piperacillin in the treatment of pseudomonal infections. S. typhi proved susceptible to piperacillin, all isolates being inhibited by 1 μg/ml. Inoculum size experiments showed that inocula of 10 8 CFU resulted in MICs and MBCs appreciably higher than those resulting from inocula of 10 6 CFU, and inocula of 10 2 CFU resulted in MICs and MBCs appreciably lower than those resulting from inocula of 10 4 CFU. Piperacillin was active against all gentamicin-resistant pseudomonads tested, but not against gentamicin-resistant klebsiellas and enterobacters. Combinations of piperacillin with tobramycin and amikacin were consistently synergistic against Pseudomonas and Serratia isolates. Less consistent results were shown when piperacillin was combined with aminoglycosides or cephalothin against Klebsiella and indole-positive Proteus isolates, although synergy was observed in most cases. Occasional antagonistic reactions were encountered with piperacillin-cephalothin or piperacillin-tobramycin combinations against the latter isolates. Copyright © 1980, American Society for Microbiology CiteULike Connotea Delicious Digg Facebook Google+ Mendeley Reddit StumbleUpon Twitter What's this? « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article doi: 10.1128/​AAC.18.4.493 Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. October 1980 vol. 18 no. 4 493-501 » Abstract PDF Classifications Physiological Effects and Microbial Susceptibility Services Email this article to a colleague Similar articles in ASM journals Alert me when this article is cited Alert me if a correction is posted Similar articles in this journal Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Alert me to new issues of AAC Download to citation manager Reprints and Permissions Copyright Information Books from ASM Press MicrobeWorld Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Robinson, R. G. Articles by Koornhof, H. J. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Robinson, R. G. Articles by Koornhof, H. J. Related Content Load related web page information Social Bookmarking CiteULike Connotea Delicious Digg Facebook Google+ Mendeley Reddit StumbleUpon Twitter What's this? current issue December 2011, volume 55, issue 12 Alert me to new issues of AAC About AAC Subscribers Authors Reviewers Advertisers Inquiries from the Press Permissions & Commercial Reprints ASM Journals Public Access Policy AAC RSS Feeds 1752 N Street N.W. • Washington DC 20036 202.737.3600 • 202.942.9355 fax • journals@asmusa.org Print ISSN: 0066-4804 Online ISSN: 1098-6596 Copyright © 2011 by the American Society for Microbiology. For an alternate route to AAC .asm.org, visit: http://intl- AAC .asm.org | More Info» var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? "https://ssl." : "http://www."); document.write(unescape("%3Cscript src='" + gaJsHost + "google-analytics.com/ga.js' type='text/javascript'%3E%3C/script%3E")); var pageTracker = _gat._getTracker("UA-5821458-3"); pageTracker._trackPageview();
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