Prevalence of depressive symptoms in a Japanese occupational setting: a preliminary study. N Iwata , Y Okuyama , Y Kawakami and K Saito Department of Ergonomics, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan. We measured the prevalence of depressive symptoms in 2,190 Japanese tax office workers using the Japanese version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Score distribution by sex was more symmetrical and the mean score of each sex was higher than in the United States population. A high level of depressive symptoms was found in 15.2 percent of males and 10.6 percent of females by controlling for age and marital status. Males aged 50 years and over had more depressive symptoms than other male age groups. Perceived stress, related both to family life and the workplace, was associated with a high level of depressive symptoms. "Long-distance marriage" ("business bachelorhood"), peculiar to Japanese occupations, had little influence on depressive symptomatology.
American Journal of Public Health – American Public Health Association
Published: Nov 1, 1989
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