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Death rates among patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia: a reexamination with data from three states.

Death rates among patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia: a reexamination with data from three states. J S Markowitz , S Pashko , E M Gutterman , W T Linde-Zwirble and R Newbold, 3rd Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Princeton, NJ 08543-4500, USA. OBJECTIVES. Death rates for community-acquired pneumonia based on relatively small-scale, published studies tend to exceed 15% to 20%. This study reexamined these estimates by using very large, population-based databases. METHODS. Death rates from 1993 associated with community-acquired pneumonia were reexamined with hospital discharge data from all of Washington, Illinois, and Florida. RESULTS. These death rates were substantially lower (7.0%, 8.1%, and 9.7%, respectively) than what appears in the literature. Significant risk factors for dying were being 65 years of age or older (odds ratio OR = 2.9), being positive for human immunodeficiency virus (OR = 2.9), and having a high severity of illness (OR = 7.1). CONCLUSION. Sampling bias associated with selection for hospital admissions explain the discrepancy between previous and this study's results. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Journal of Public Health American Public Health Association

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