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Patterns of Cognitive Appraisal in Emotion

Patterns of Cognitive Appraisal in Emotion There has long been interest in describing emotional experience in terms of underlyingdimensions, but traditionally only two dimensions, pleasantness andarousal, have been reliably found. The reasons for these findings arereviewed, and integrating this review with two recent theories of emotions (Roseman, 1984; Scherer, 1982), we propose eight cognitive appraisal dimensionsto differentiate emotional experience. In an investigation of this model, subjects recalledpast experiences associated with each of 15 emotions, and rated them along the proposeddimensions. Six orthogonal dimensions, pleasantness, anticipated effort, certainty,attentional activity, self-other responsibility/control, and situationalcontrol, were recovered, and the emotions varied systematically along each of thesedimensions, indicating a strong relation between the appraisal of one’s circumstances and one’semotional state. The patterns of appraisal for the different emotions, and the role of each ofthe dimensions in differentiating emotional experience are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Personality and Social Psychology American Psychological Association

Patterns of Cognitive Appraisal in Emotion

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Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1985 American Psychological Association
ISSN
0022-3514
eISSN
1939-1315
DOI
10.1037/0022-3514.48.4.813
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

There has long been interest in describing emotional experience in terms of underlyingdimensions, but traditionally only two dimensions, pleasantness andarousal, have been reliably found. The reasons for these findings arereviewed, and integrating this review with two recent theories of emotions (Roseman, 1984; Scherer, 1982), we propose eight cognitive appraisal dimensionsto differentiate emotional experience. In an investigation of this model, subjects recalledpast experiences associated with each of 15 emotions, and rated them along the proposeddimensions. Six orthogonal dimensions, pleasantness, anticipated effort, certainty,attentional activity, self-other responsibility/control, and situationalcontrol, were recovered, and the emotions varied systematically along each of thesedimensions, indicating a strong relation between the appraisal of one’s circumstances and one’semotional state. The patterns of appraisal for the different emotions, and the role of each ofthe dimensions in differentiating emotional experience are discussed.

Journal

Journal of Personality and Social PsychologyAmerican Psychological Association

Published: Apr 1, 1985

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