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Fantasy need achievement as a motivational construct

Fantasy need achievement as a motivational construct The McClelland-Atkinson theory that arousal of achievement fantasy depends upon arousal of the achievement motive is examined critically in light of accrued empirical evidence. The effects of achievement-arousal conditions on fantasy n Ach are shown to be probably nonmotivational. n Ach scores are shown to be correlated with performance measures in about ½ of the studies reported, but the pattern of hypothesis confirmation presents the theory with difficulties. The addition of perceptual and cognitive situational and developmental variables appears to render the empirical evidence theoretically more tractable. It is argued that motivation influences fantasy by processes more complex and less direct than originally thought. (3 p. ref.) http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychological Bulletin American Psychological Association

Fantasy need achievement as a motivational construct

Psychological Bulletin , Volume 66 (4): 18 – Oct 1, 1966

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References (71)

Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1966 American Psychological Association
ISSN
0033-2909
eISSN
1939-1455
DOI
10.1037/h0023820
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The McClelland-Atkinson theory that arousal of achievement fantasy depends upon arousal of the achievement motive is examined critically in light of accrued empirical evidence. The effects of achievement-arousal conditions on fantasy n Ach are shown to be probably nonmotivational. n Ach scores are shown to be correlated with performance measures in about ½ of the studies reported, but the pattern of hypothesis confirmation presents the theory with difficulties. The addition of perceptual and cognitive situational and developmental variables appears to render the empirical evidence theoretically more tractable. It is argued that motivation influences fantasy by processes more complex and less direct than originally thought. (3 p. ref.)

Journal

Psychological BulletinAmerican Psychological Association

Published: Oct 1, 1966

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