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Environmental variation in studies of organizational behavior

Environmental variation in studies of organizational behavior The desirability of incorporating environmental variation into research designs has often been pointed out, but few procedures for doing so have been developed. Attempts to operationalize the concept of "organizational climate" in studies of organizational behavior provide a number of methods for assessing environmental variation, and yield data relevant to hypotheses regarding the interaction of persons and environments. Methods for observing climate variation include field studies, assessments of participant's perceptions, observations of objective indices, and experimental control of organizational variables. Conditions may affect behavior by determining stimuli, by restraining freedom of response, and by rewarding and punishing behavior. Illustrative of the organizational properties meriting further study are size, structure, systems complexity, leadership pattern, and goal directions. Selected bibliography of 104 titles indicates how studies of organizations make possible the variation of both person and climate variables. (3-p. ref.) http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychological Bulletin American Psychological Association

Environmental variation in studies of organizational behavior

Psychological Bulletin , Volume 62 (6): 22 – Dec 1, 1964

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Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1964 American Psychological Association
ISSN
0033-2909
eISSN
1939-1455
DOI
10.1037/h0045960
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The desirability of incorporating environmental variation into research designs has often been pointed out, but few procedures for doing so have been developed. Attempts to operationalize the concept of "organizational climate" in studies of organizational behavior provide a number of methods for assessing environmental variation, and yield data relevant to hypotheses regarding the interaction of persons and environments. Methods for observing climate variation include field studies, assessments of participant's perceptions, observations of objective indices, and experimental control of organizational variables. Conditions may affect behavior by determining stimuli, by restraining freedom of response, and by rewarding and punishing behavior. Illustrative of the organizational properties meriting further study are size, structure, systems complexity, leadership pattern, and goal directions. Selected bibliography of 104 titles indicates how studies of organizations make possible the variation of both person and climate variables. (3-p. ref.)

Journal

Psychological BulletinAmerican Psychological Association

Published: Dec 1, 1964

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