Higher-dimensional orbital-angular-momentum-based quantum key distribution with mutually unbiased bases

Higher-dimensional orbital-angular-momentum-based quantum key distribution with mutually unbiased... We present an experimental study of higher-dimensional quantum key distribution protocols based on mutually unbiased bases, implemented by means of photons carrying orbital angular momentum. We perform ( d + 1 ) mutually unbiased measurements in a classically simulated prepare-and-measure scheme and on a pair of entangled photons for dimensions ranging from d = 2 to 5. In our analysis, we pay attention to the detection efficiency and photon pair creation probability. As security measures, we determine from experimental data the average error rate, the mutual information shared between the sender and receiver, and the secret key generation rate per photon. We demonstrate that increasing the dimension leads to an increased information capacity as well as higher key generation rates per photon. However, we find that the benefit of increasing the dimension is limited by practical implementation considerations, which in our case results in deleterious effects observed beyond a dimension of d = 4 . http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review A American Physical Society (APS)

Higher-dimensional orbital-angular-momentum-based quantum key distribution with mutually unbiased bases

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Publisher
American Physical Society (APS)
Copyright
©2013 American Physical Society
ISSN
1050-2947
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevA.88.032305
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We present an experimental study of higher-dimensional quantum key distribution protocols based on mutually unbiased bases, implemented by means of photons carrying orbital angular momentum. We perform ( d + 1 ) mutually unbiased measurements in a classically simulated prepare-and-measure scheme and on a pair of entangled photons for dimensions ranging from d = 2 to 5. In our analysis, we pay attention to the detection efficiency and photon pair creation probability. As security measures, we determine from experimental data the average error rate, the mutual information shared between the sender and receiver, and the secret key generation rate per photon. We demonstrate that increasing the dimension leads to an increased information capacity as well as higher key generation rates per photon. However, we find that the benefit of increasing the dimension is limited by practical implementation considerations, which in our case results in deleterious effects observed beyond a dimension of d = 4 .

Journal

Physical Review AAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Sep 5, 2013

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