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The Land Surface Climatology of the NCAR Land Surface Model Coupled to the NCAR Community Climate Model **

The Land Surface Climatology of the NCAR Land Surface Model Coupled to the NCAR Community Climate... The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Land Surface Model (LSM, version 1.0) provides a comprehensive treatment of land surface processes for the NCAR Community Climate Model version 3 (CCM3). It replaces the prescribed surface wetness, prescribed snow cover, surface albedo, and surface flux parameterizations used in the CCM2. A 15-yr simulation of the coupled atmosphere (CCM3) and land (LSM1.0) models using observed sea surface temperatures for the period December 1978––September 1993 is used to document the model’’s land surface climate. The model simulates many of the observed geographic and seasonal patterns of surface air temperature, precipitation, and soil water. In general, the transition seasons (spring, autumn) are better simulated than winter and summer. Annual precipitation and runoff are well simulated for some river basins and poorly simulated for others. In general, precipitation is better simulated than runoff. The inclusion of net land––atmosphere CO 2 exchange is an important component of the land model, allowing it to be used for studies of the global carbon cycle. The model simulates annual net primary production that is consistent with other estimates of annual production. The model also simulates a clearly defined growing season based on temperature and soil water. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Climate American Meteorological Society

The Land Surface Climatology of the NCAR Land Surface Model Coupled to the NCAR Community Climate Model **

Journal of Climate , Volume 11 (6) – Mar 13, 1997

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Publisher
American Meteorological Society
Copyright
Copyright © 1997 American Meteorological Society
ISSN
1520-0442
DOI
10.1175/1520-0442(1998)011<1307:TLSCOT>2.0.CO;2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Land Surface Model (LSM, version 1.0) provides a comprehensive treatment of land surface processes for the NCAR Community Climate Model version 3 (CCM3). It replaces the prescribed surface wetness, prescribed snow cover, surface albedo, and surface flux parameterizations used in the CCM2. A 15-yr simulation of the coupled atmosphere (CCM3) and land (LSM1.0) models using observed sea surface temperatures for the period December 1978––September 1993 is used to document the model’’s land surface climate. The model simulates many of the observed geographic and seasonal patterns of surface air temperature, precipitation, and soil water. In general, the transition seasons (spring, autumn) are better simulated than winter and summer. Annual precipitation and runoff are well simulated for some river basins and poorly simulated for others. In general, precipitation is better simulated than runoff. The inclusion of net land––atmosphere CO 2 exchange is an important component of the land model, allowing it to be used for studies of the global carbon cycle. The model simulates annual net primary production that is consistent with other estimates of annual production. The model also simulates a clearly defined growing season based on temperature and soil water.

Journal

Journal of ClimateAmerican Meteorological Society

Published: Mar 13, 1997

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