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Precipitation Forecasting Using a Neural Network

Precipitation Forecasting Using a Neural Network A neural network, using input from the Eta Model and upper air soundings, has been developed for the probability of precipitation (PoP) and quantitative precipitation forecast (QPF) for the Dallas–Fort Worth, Texas, area. Forecasts from two years were verified against a network of 36 rain gauges. The resulting forecasts were remarkably sharp, with over 70% of the PoP forecasts being less than 5% or greater than 95%. Of the 436 days with forecasts of less than 5% PoP, no rain occurred on 435 days. On the 111 days with forecasts of greater than 95% PoP, rain always occurred. The linear correlation between the forecast and observed precipitation amount was 0.95. Equitable threat scores for threshold precipitation amounts from 0.05 in. (∼1 mm) to 1 in. (∼25 mm) are 0.63 or higher, with maximum values over 0.86. Combining the PoP and QPF products indicates that for very high PoPs, the correlation between the QPF and observations is higher than for lower PoPs. In addition, 61 of the 70 observed rains of at least 0.5 in. (12.7 mm) are associated with PoPs greater than 85%. As a result, the system indicates a potential for more accurate precipitation forecasting. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Weather and Forecasting American Meteorological Society

Precipitation Forecasting Using a Neural Network

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Publisher
American Meteorological Society
Copyright
Copyright © 1997 American Meteorological Society
ISSN
1520-0434
DOI
10.1175/1520-0434(1999)014<0338:PFUANN>2.0.CO;2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A neural network, using input from the Eta Model and upper air soundings, has been developed for the probability of precipitation (PoP) and quantitative precipitation forecast (QPF) for the Dallas–Fort Worth, Texas, area. Forecasts from two years were verified against a network of 36 rain gauges. The resulting forecasts were remarkably sharp, with over 70% of the PoP forecasts being less than 5% or greater than 95%. Of the 436 days with forecasts of less than 5% PoP, no rain occurred on 435 days. On the 111 days with forecasts of greater than 95% PoP, rain always occurred. The linear correlation between the forecast and observed precipitation amount was 0.95. Equitable threat scores for threshold precipitation amounts from 0.05 in. (∼1 mm) to 1 in. (∼25 mm) are 0.63 or higher, with maximum values over 0.86. Combining the PoP and QPF products indicates that for very high PoPs, the correlation between the QPF and observations is higher than for lower PoPs. In addition, 61 of the 70 observed rains of at least 0.5 in. (12.7 mm) are associated with PoPs greater than 85%. As a result, the system indicates a potential for more accurate precipitation forecasting.

Journal

Weather and ForecastingAmerican Meteorological Society

Published: Nov 10, 1997

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