Operational Implementation of the ISBA Land Surface Scheme in the Canadian Regional Weather Forecast Model. Part II: Cold Season Results

Operational Implementation of the ISBA Land Surface Scheme in the Canadian Regional Weather... The performance of a modified version of the snow scheme included in the Interactions between Surface––Biosphere––Atmosphere (ISBA) land surface scheme, which was operationally implemented into the regional weather forecast system at the Canadian Meteorological Centre, is examined in this study. Stand-alone verification tests conducted prior to the operational implementation showed that ISBA's new snow package was able to realistically reproduce the main characteristics of a snow cover, such as snow water equivalent and density, for five winter datasets taken at Col de Porte, France, and at Goose Bay, Newfoundland, Canada. A number of modifications to ISBA's snow model (i.e., new liquid water reservoir in the snowpack, new formulation of snow density, and melting effect of incident rainfall on the snowpack) were found to improve the numerical representation of snow characteristics. Objective scores for the fully interactive preimplementation tests carried out with the Canadian regional weather forecast model indicated that ISBA's improved snow scheme only had a minor impact on the model's ability to predict atmospheric circulation. The objective scores revealed that only a thin atmospheric layer above snow-covered surfaces was influenced by the change of land surface scheme, and that over these regions the essential behavior of the atmospheric model was not significantly altered by improvements to the treatment of snow cover. It was shown that this lack of response was most likely related to the treatment of the snow cover fraction in each atmospheric model grid tile. The estimation of snow cover fraction relied on simple formulations that were dependent on poorly known parameters, such as the fractional coverage of vegetation. Results showed that uncertainties of only 15%% in vegetation fractional coverage could be responsible for uncertainties of as much as 1––1.5 K in screen-level air temperature. This indicates that some care must be exercised in the specification of vegetation and snow cover fractional coverage. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Hydrometeorology American Meteorological Society

Operational Implementation of the ISBA Land Surface Scheme in the Canadian Regional Weather Forecast Model. Part II: Cold Season Results

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Publisher
American Meteorological Society
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 American Meteorological Society
ISSN
1525-7541
D.O.I.
10.1175/1525-7541(2003)4<371:OIOTIL>2.0.CO;2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The performance of a modified version of the snow scheme included in the Interactions between Surface––Biosphere––Atmosphere (ISBA) land surface scheme, which was operationally implemented into the regional weather forecast system at the Canadian Meteorological Centre, is examined in this study. Stand-alone verification tests conducted prior to the operational implementation showed that ISBA's new snow package was able to realistically reproduce the main characteristics of a snow cover, such as snow water equivalent and density, for five winter datasets taken at Col de Porte, France, and at Goose Bay, Newfoundland, Canada. A number of modifications to ISBA's snow model (i.e., new liquid water reservoir in the snowpack, new formulation of snow density, and melting effect of incident rainfall on the snowpack) were found to improve the numerical representation of snow characteristics. Objective scores for the fully interactive preimplementation tests carried out with the Canadian regional weather forecast model indicated that ISBA's improved snow scheme only had a minor impact on the model's ability to predict atmospheric circulation. The objective scores revealed that only a thin atmospheric layer above snow-covered surfaces was influenced by the change of land surface scheme, and that over these regions the essential behavior of the atmospheric model was not significantly altered by improvements to the treatment of snow cover. It was shown that this lack of response was most likely related to the treatment of the snow cover fraction in each atmospheric model grid tile. The estimation of snow cover fraction relied on simple formulations that were dependent on poorly known parameters, such as the fractional coverage of vegetation. Results showed that uncertainties of only 15%% in vegetation fractional coverage could be responsible for uncertainties of as much as 1––1.5 K in screen-level air temperature. This indicates that some care must be exercised in the specification of vegetation and snow cover fractional coverage.

Journal

Journal of HydrometeorologyAmerican Meteorological Society

Published: Apr 12, 2002

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