Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Observational Evidence for Reduction of Daily Maximum Temperature by Croplands in the Midwest United States

Observational Evidence for Reduction of Daily Maximum Temperature by Croplands in the Midwest... Climate model simulations have shown that conversion of natural forest vegetation to croplands in the United States cooled climate. The cooling was greater for daily maximum temperature than for daily minimum temperature, resulting in a reduced diurnal temperature range. This paper presents analyses of observed daily maximum and minimum temperatures that are consistent with the climate simulations. Daily maximum temperature in the croplands of the Midwest United States is reduced relative to forested land in the Northeast, resulting in a decreased diurnal temperature range. The cooling is regional rather than local and is likely created by the contrast between extensive cropland in the Midwest and forest in the Northeast. Seasonal patterns of this cooling are correlated with seasonal changes in crop growth. Analyses of historical temperatures since 1900 and reconstructed cropland extent show a temporal correlation between land use and cooling. The cooling created by the forest––cropland contrast is much more prominent now, when much of the Northeast farmland has been abandoned and reforested, than in the early 1900s when farmlands were more extensive in the Northeast. These results show that human uses of land, especially clearing of forest for agriculture and reforestation of abandoned farmland, are an important cause of regional climate change. Analyses of historical temperature records must consider this ““land use”” forcing. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Climate American Meteorological Society

Observational Evidence for Reduction of Daily Maximum Temperature by Croplands in the Midwest United States

Journal of Climate , Volume 14 (11) – Dec 7, 1999

Loading next page...
 
/lp/american-meteorological-society/observational-evidence-for-reduction-of-daily-maximum-temperature-by-vcwctDFtf9
Publisher
American Meteorological Society
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 American Meteorological Society
ISSN
1520-0442
DOI
10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<2430:OEFROD>2.0.CO;2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Climate model simulations have shown that conversion of natural forest vegetation to croplands in the United States cooled climate. The cooling was greater for daily maximum temperature than for daily minimum temperature, resulting in a reduced diurnal temperature range. This paper presents analyses of observed daily maximum and minimum temperatures that are consistent with the climate simulations. Daily maximum temperature in the croplands of the Midwest United States is reduced relative to forested land in the Northeast, resulting in a decreased diurnal temperature range. The cooling is regional rather than local and is likely created by the contrast between extensive cropland in the Midwest and forest in the Northeast. Seasonal patterns of this cooling are correlated with seasonal changes in crop growth. Analyses of historical temperatures since 1900 and reconstructed cropland extent show a temporal correlation between land use and cooling. The cooling created by the forest––cropland contrast is much more prominent now, when much of the Northeast farmland has been abandoned and reforested, than in the early 1900s when farmlands were more extensive in the Northeast. These results show that human uses of land, especially clearing of forest for agriculture and reforestation of abandoned farmland, are an important cause of regional climate change. Analyses of historical temperature records must consider this ““land use”” forcing.

Journal

Journal of ClimateAmerican Meteorological Society

Published: Dec 7, 1999

There are no references for this article.