A Lagrangian particle dispersion model (LPDM) is used to study fumigation of pollutants in and above the entrainment zone into a growing convective boundary layer. Probability density functions of particle location with height and time are calculated from particle trajectories driven by the sum of the resolved-scale velocity from a large-eddy simulation (LES) model and the stochastic subgrid-scale (SGS) velocity. The crosswind-integrated concentration (CWIC) fields show good agreement with water tank experimental data. A comparison of the LPDM output with an Eulerian diffusion model output based on the same LES flow shows qualitative agreement with each other except that a greater overshoot maximum of the ground-level concentration occurs in the Eulerian model. The dimensionless CWICs near the surface for sources located above the entrainment zone collapse to a nearly universal curve provided that the profiles are time shifted, where the shift depends on the source heights. The dimensionless CWICs for sources located within the entrainment zone show a different behavior. Thus, fumigation from sources above the entrainment zone and within the entrainment zone should be treated separately. An examination of the application of Taylor’s translation hypothesis to the fumigation process showed the importance of using the mean boundary layer wind speed as a function of time rather than the initial mean boundary layer wind speed, because the mean boundary layer wind speed decreases as the simulation proceeds. The LPDM using LES is capable of accurately simulating fumigation of particles into the convective boundary layer. This technique provides more computationally efficient simulations than Eulerian models.
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences – American Meteorological Society
Published: Feb 17, 2004
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