This paper considers a linear hydrostatic model of a stable, uniform, constant rotational airflow over three- dimensional, elliptic, cross-sectional families of mountains in a z system. The surface pressure and the winds that are induced around the mountain chain are deduced using Fourier representation in both horizontal directions. The surface pressure perturbations and the induced wind intensities are linked to 1) the incoming airmass thermodynamic properties through Froude and Rossby numbers, 2) the geometrical aspect ratio of the mountain, 3) the direction of incidence of the incoming flow relative to the mountain orientation, and 4) the Coriolis effect through the Rossby number. The balance between the different factors that contribute to the morphology of the pressure and wind fields was established for northerly and southerly incoming flows that were blocked by an elliptical barrier resembling the Pyréénéées mountain chain. Fair agreement was found between the results of the model and the experimental data collected during PYREX (Pyréénéées experiment) intensive operational periods, with special regard to the asymmetry of the lateral flow for northerly incoming air masses.
Journal of Applied Meteorology – American Meteorological Society
Published: Jul 29, 1996