The formalism of irreversible thermodynamics is applied to the shallow water model. Entropy production and entropy flow terms are identified, describing the ways dissipation and exchange processes unfold in space and time. Explicit evaluations are carried out in the case of Lorenz’s nine-mode truncation and in the quasigeostrophic limit of the model. A number of systematic trends are identified by studying the way dissipation and kinetic energy vary as the forcing is increased and the system undergoes qualitative changes of behavior between different regimes, from simple symmetric flow to intermittent chaos. The constraints imposed by thermodynamics on the structure of the model equations and, especially, on the parameterization schemes are brought out.
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences – American Meteorological Society
Published: Aug 23, 1999