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A Method to Determine Precipitation Types

A Method to Determine Precipitation Types A method to diagnose surface precipitation types is suggested. Most cases of freezing rain and ice pellets occur with a layer warmer than 0°C extending above a surface-based layer of air colder than 0°C. The procedure uses predictors proportional to the product of the mean temperature of a layer and its depth. These predictors can be seen as areas on aerological diagrams. A positive area is associated with a layer warmer than 0°C, conversely a negative area is associated with a layer colder than 0°C. The same predictor is used to discriminate snow from rain. A statistical analysis was applied using the North American aerological stations network to determine a set of criteria for discriminating freezing rain, ice pellets, snow, and rain. Once the criteria are known, the precipitation type can be easily diagnosed using temperature profiles from upper-air observations or from numerical weather prediction models. The method has been in operational use at the Canadian Meteorological Centre since 1995. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Weather and Forecasting American Meteorological Society

A Method to Determine Precipitation Types

Weather and Forecasting , Volume 15 (5) – Sep 23, 1999

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Publisher
American Meteorological Society
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 American Meteorological Society
ISSN
1520-0434
DOI
10.1175/1520-0434(2000)015<0583:AMTDPT>2.0.CO;2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A method to diagnose surface precipitation types is suggested. Most cases of freezing rain and ice pellets occur with a layer warmer than 0°C extending above a surface-based layer of air colder than 0°C. The procedure uses predictors proportional to the product of the mean temperature of a layer and its depth. These predictors can be seen as areas on aerological diagrams. A positive area is associated with a layer warmer than 0°C, conversely a negative area is associated with a layer colder than 0°C. The same predictor is used to discriminate snow from rain. A statistical analysis was applied using the North American aerological stations network to determine a set of criteria for discriminating freezing rain, ice pellets, snow, and rain. Once the criteria are known, the precipitation type can be easily diagnosed using temperature profiles from upper-air observations or from numerical weather prediction models. The method has been in operational use at the Canadian Meteorological Centre since 1995.

Journal

Weather and ForecastingAmerican Meteorological Society

Published: Sep 23, 1999

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