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XANTHOMATOSIS OR LIPOID HISTIOCYTOSIS: REPORT OF OCULAR OBSERVATIONS IN TWO CASES OF CHRISTIAN'S SYNDROME : A CORRELATION WITH OTHER OCULAR SYNDROMES

XANTHOMATOSIS OR LIPOID HISTIOCYTOSIS: REPORT OF OCULAR OBSERVATIONS IN TWO CASES OF CHRISTIAN'S... Abstract This paper is divided into two parts: (1) a report of ocular observations in a diffuse liporeticular disease (Christian's syndrome1) and (2) suggested new classifications for a variety of ocular signs and syndromes that are apparently related. OCULAR OBSERVATIONS IN DIFFUSE LIPORETICULAR DISEASE Two cases are presented here : In one the condition was studied from necropsy material, and in the second the patient largely recovered from the disease. They belong in the group showing bone defects, exophthalmos and diabetes insipidus (Christian's syndrome). Both patients were referred by Dr. R. S. Rowland,2 and the general histories and observations are condensed from his report. REPORT OF CASES Case 1.—History.—H. S., a white boy, aged 5 years and 2 months, seen on Dec. 14, 1925, did not have a history relevant to the present condition. At 2 years and 6 months, his tonsils and adenoids were References 1. Christian, Henry: Defects in Membranous Bones, Exophthalmos and Diabetes Insipidus, Contributions to Medical and Biological Research , New York, Paul B. Hoeber, 1919, vol. 1, p. 390. 2. Rowland, R. S.: Xanthomatosis and the Reticulo-Endothelial System , Arch. Int. Med. 42:611 ( (Nov.) ) 1928.Crossref 3. Dietrich : Ueber ein Fibroxanthosar mit eigenartiger Ausbreitung und über eine Vena cava supra sinistra bei dem gleichen Fall , Virchows Arch. f. path. Anat. 212:119, 1913.Crossref 4. Pollitzer and Wile: Xanthoma Tuberosum Multiplex , J. Cutan. Dis. 30: 235, 1912. 5. Anitschkow: Ueber experimentell ergengte Ablagerungen von amisotropen Lipoidsubstanzen in der Milz und in Knochenmark , Beitr. z. path. Anat. u. z. allg. Path. 57:201, 1913 6. Anhaüfungen von Xanthomzellen im subkutanen Bindezewebe des Kaninchens , München. med. Wchnschr. 60:2555, 1913. 7. Broders, A. C.: Benign Xanthic Extraperiosteal Tumor of the Extremities Containing Foreign Body Giant Cells , Ann. Surg. 70:574 ( (Nov.) ) 1919.Crossref 8. Pick, L.: Die Histio- und Pathogenese des Morbus Gaucher, seine histio- und pathogenetische Abgrenzung von ähnlichen Krankheitszuständen, insbesondere der lipoidzelligen Splenohepatomegalie (Ty., Niemann) , Med. Klin. 20:1526 ( (Nov. 2) ) 1924 9. Der Morbus Gaucher und die ihm ähnlichen Erkrankungen , Ergebn. d. inn. Med. u. Kinderh. 29:519, 1926 10. Ueber die lipoidzellige Splenohepotomegalie , Ty., Niemann-Pick als Stoffwechselerkrankung, Med. Klin. 23: 1483 ( (Sept. 30) ) 1927. 11. Rowland, R. S.: Christian's Syndrome and Lipoid Cell Hyperplasias of the Reticulo-Endothelial System , Ann. Int. Med. 2:1277 ( (June) ) 1929.Crossref 12. Jaffé, R. H.: General Review: the Reticulo-Endothelial System , Arch. Path. 4:45 ( (July) ) 1927. 13. Versé: München. med. Wchnschr. 63:1047, 1916. 14. Hanssen: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 61:556, 1918. 15. Bachstetz: Wien. med. Wchnschr. 71:1044, 1921; Ztschr. f. Augenh. 54: 36, 1924. 16. Ztschr. f. Augenh. 54: 36, 1924. 17. Verhoeff, F. H. : Am. J. Ophth. 4:155 ( (March) ) 1921. 18. Clapp: Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 27:157, 1929. 19. Holloway and Fry: Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 27:165, 1929. 20. Jess: Verhandl. d. deutsch. ophth. Gesellsch. , 1925. 21. Sugita, Y.: Zentralbl. f. d. ges. Ophth. 9:91, 1923. 22. Batten, T.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 17:45, 1897. 23. Doyne, T.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 19:71, 1899. 24. Collins: Ophthalmoscope 9:577, 1913. 25. Leber: Netzhaut, in Graefe-Saemisch Handbuch der gesamten Augenheilkunde , ed. 2, Leipzig, W. Engelmann, 1916, vol. 7, pt. 2, p. 1204. 26. Feingold: Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 22:268, 1924. 27. Coppez and Danis: Arch. d'opht. 42:649, 1925. 28. Junius and Kuhnt: Die scheiben förmige Entartung der Netzhautmitte , Berlin, 1926. 29. Holloway, T.: Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 75:173, 1927. 30. Holloway, T., and Verhoeff, F. H. : Disklike Degeneration of the Macula with Microscopic Report Concerning a Tumor-Like Mass in the Macular Region , Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 26:206, 1928. 31. Pick and Bielschowsky: Ueber lipoidzellige Splenomegalie (Ty. Niemann-Pick) und amaurotische Idiotie, Klin. Wchnschr. 6:1631, 1927.Crossref 32. Bloom: Splenomegaly (Type Gaucher) and Lipoid Histiocytosis (Type Niemann) , Am. J. Path. 1:595 ( (Nov.) ) 1925. 33. Friedenwald, J. S.: The Pathology of the Eye , New York, Macmillan Company, 1929, p. 168. 34. Lindau: Acta path. et microbiol. Scandinav. , 1926, (supp. 1) , p. 1 35. Acta ophth. 4:193, 1927. 36. Collins: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 19:141, 1894. 37. Friedenwald and Friedenwald: Terminal Stage in a Case of Retinitis with Massive Exudation , Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 27:1929. 38. Benedict, in discussion on Friedenwald (footnote 32). 39. Fleisher: Arch. f. Augenh. 73:242, 1913 40. 68:41, 1913. 41. Török and Redway: Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 75:123, 1927. 42. Wernicke, O.: Semana méd. 28:693 ( (June 16) ) 1921. 43. Maximow : General Review : Morphology of the Mesenchymal Reactions , Arch. Path. 4:557 ( (Oct.) ) 1927. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

XANTHOMATOSIS OR LIPOID HISTIOCYTOSIS: REPORT OF OCULAR OBSERVATIONS IN TWO CASES OF CHRISTIAN'S SYNDROME : A CORRELATION WITH OTHER OCULAR SYNDROMES

Archives of Ophthalmology , Volume 5 (1) – Jan 1, 1931

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1931 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1931.00820010039003
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract This paper is divided into two parts: (1) a report of ocular observations in a diffuse liporeticular disease (Christian's syndrome1) and (2) suggested new classifications for a variety of ocular signs and syndromes that are apparently related. OCULAR OBSERVATIONS IN DIFFUSE LIPORETICULAR DISEASE Two cases are presented here : In one the condition was studied from necropsy material, and in the second the patient largely recovered from the disease. They belong in the group showing bone defects, exophthalmos and diabetes insipidus (Christian's syndrome). Both patients were referred by Dr. R. S. Rowland,2 and the general histories and observations are condensed from his report. REPORT OF CASES Case 1.—History.—H. S., a white boy, aged 5 years and 2 months, seen on Dec. 14, 1925, did not have a history relevant to the present condition. At 2 years and 6 months, his tonsils and adenoids were References 1. Christian, Henry: Defects in Membranous Bones, Exophthalmos and Diabetes Insipidus, Contributions to Medical and Biological Research , New York, Paul B. Hoeber, 1919, vol. 1, p. 390. 2. Rowland, R. S.: Xanthomatosis and the Reticulo-Endothelial System , Arch. Int. Med. 42:611 ( (Nov.) ) 1928.Crossref 3. Dietrich : Ueber ein Fibroxanthosar mit eigenartiger Ausbreitung und über eine Vena cava supra sinistra bei dem gleichen Fall , Virchows Arch. f. path. Anat. 212:119, 1913.Crossref 4. Pollitzer and Wile: Xanthoma Tuberosum Multiplex , J. Cutan. Dis. 30: 235, 1912. 5. Anitschkow: Ueber experimentell ergengte Ablagerungen von amisotropen Lipoidsubstanzen in der Milz und in Knochenmark , Beitr. z. path. Anat. u. z. allg. Path. 57:201, 1913 6. Anhaüfungen von Xanthomzellen im subkutanen Bindezewebe des Kaninchens , München. med. Wchnschr. 60:2555, 1913. 7. Broders, A. C.: Benign Xanthic Extraperiosteal Tumor of the Extremities Containing Foreign Body Giant Cells , Ann. Surg. 70:574 ( (Nov.) ) 1919.Crossref 8. Pick, L.: Die Histio- und Pathogenese des Morbus Gaucher, seine histio- und pathogenetische Abgrenzung von ähnlichen Krankheitszuständen, insbesondere der lipoidzelligen Splenohepatomegalie (Ty., Niemann) , Med. Klin. 20:1526 ( (Nov. 2) ) 1924 9. Der Morbus Gaucher und die ihm ähnlichen Erkrankungen , Ergebn. d. inn. Med. u. Kinderh. 29:519, 1926 10. Ueber die lipoidzellige Splenohepotomegalie , Ty., Niemann-Pick als Stoffwechselerkrankung, Med. Klin. 23: 1483 ( (Sept. 30) ) 1927. 11. Rowland, R. S.: Christian's Syndrome and Lipoid Cell Hyperplasias of the Reticulo-Endothelial System , Ann. Int. Med. 2:1277 ( (June) ) 1929.Crossref 12. Jaffé, R. H.: General Review: the Reticulo-Endothelial System , Arch. Path. 4:45 ( (July) ) 1927. 13. Versé: München. med. Wchnschr. 63:1047, 1916. 14. Hanssen: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 61:556, 1918. 15. Bachstetz: Wien. med. Wchnschr. 71:1044, 1921; Ztschr. f. Augenh. 54: 36, 1924. 16. Ztschr. f. Augenh. 54: 36, 1924. 17. Verhoeff, F. H. : Am. J. Ophth. 4:155 ( (March) ) 1921. 18. Clapp: Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 27:157, 1929. 19. Holloway and Fry: Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 27:165, 1929. 20. Jess: Verhandl. d. deutsch. ophth. Gesellsch. , 1925. 21. Sugita, Y.: Zentralbl. f. d. ges. Ophth. 9:91, 1923. 22. Batten, T.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 17:45, 1897. 23. Doyne, T.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 19:71, 1899. 24. Collins: Ophthalmoscope 9:577, 1913. 25. Leber: Netzhaut, in Graefe-Saemisch Handbuch der gesamten Augenheilkunde , ed. 2, Leipzig, W. Engelmann, 1916, vol. 7, pt. 2, p. 1204. 26. Feingold: Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 22:268, 1924. 27. Coppez and Danis: Arch. d'opht. 42:649, 1925. 28. Junius and Kuhnt: Die scheiben förmige Entartung der Netzhautmitte , Berlin, 1926. 29. Holloway, T.: Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 75:173, 1927. 30. Holloway, T., and Verhoeff, F. H. : Disklike Degeneration of the Macula with Microscopic Report Concerning a Tumor-Like Mass in the Macular Region , Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 26:206, 1928. 31. Pick and Bielschowsky: Ueber lipoidzellige Splenomegalie (Ty. Niemann-Pick) und amaurotische Idiotie, Klin. Wchnschr. 6:1631, 1927.Crossref 32. Bloom: Splenomegaly (Type Gaucher) and Lipoid Histiocytosis (Type Niemann) , Am. J. Path. 1:595 ( (Nov.) ) 1925. 33. Friedenwald, J. S.: The Pathology of the Eye , New York, Macmillan Company, 1929, p. 168. 34. Lindau: Acta path. et microbiol. Scandinav. , 1926, (supp. 1) , p. 1 35. Acta ophth. 4:193, 1927. 36. Collins: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 19:141, 1894. 37. Friedenwald and Friedenwald: Terminal Stage in a Case of Retinitis with Massive Exudation , Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 27:1929. 38. Benedict, in discussion on Friedenwald (footnote 32). 39. Fleisher: Arch. f. Augenh. 73:242, 1913 40. 68:41, 1913. 41. Török and Redway: Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 75:123, 1927. 42. Wernicke, O.: Semana méd. 28:693 ( (June 16) ) 1921. 43. Maximow : General Review : Morphology of the Mesenchymal Reactions , Arch. Path. 4:557 ( (Oct.) ) 1927.

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jan 1, 1931

References