Abstract THE NOUN volvulus has its origin from the Latin verb "volvere" which means "to turn about" or "to roll." During the past one hundred years physicians have created and firmly established the word "volvulus" as a vernacularism common to their profession and without meaning if employed in any other manner. The term is interpreted as describing a process in which a torsion or twisting of a segment of bowel results in an obstruction to the lumen and a disturbance in circulation to the wall of the intestine. Even though volvulus may occur almost anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract, this paper is designed primarily to deal with lesions of the colon. Eight cases of volvulus of the colon, encountered during the past ten years, form a basis for this study. A personal interest in volvulus of the colon was inspired by the rather unique experience of observing 5 of the 8 References 1. (a) Gilchrist, R. H.: Obstruction Due to Volvulus of the Colon , Arch. Surg. 56:79 ( (Jan.) ) 1948.Crossref 2. (b) Grace, A. J.: Volvulus of the Cecum , Canad. M. A. J. 38:346 ( (April) ) 1938. 3. (c) Griffin, W. D.; Bartron, G. R., and Meyer, K. A.: Volvulus of the Sigmoid Colon , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 81:287 ( (Sept.) ) 1945. 4. (d) Hendricks, W., and Griffin, W. D.: Symposium on Clinical Advances in Surgery: Intestinal Obstruction; Analysis of Three Hundred and Fifty-Two Cases , S. Clin. North America 27:51-72 ( (Feb.) ) 1947. 5. (e) Leonard, E. D., and Derow, S.: Volvulus: Study of Twenty-Two Cases , New England J. Med. 218:388 ( (March 3) ) 1938. 6. (f) Miller, J. M., and Clagett, O. T.: Volvulus of Ileocecal Region , Proc. Staff Meet., Mayo Clin. 15:424 ( (July 3) ) 1940. 7. (g) Pratt, J. P., and Fallis, L. S.: Volvulus of the Cecum and Ascending Colon: Report of Three Cases , J. A. M. A. 89:1225 ( (Oct. 8) ) 1927. 8. (h) Rothman, M.; Bruckner, J. P., and Zetena, D. F.: Volvulus of the Cecum and Ascending Colon , Am. J. Surg. 60:292 ( (May) ) 1943. 9. (i) Simon, H. E.; Senturia, H. R., and Keller, T. B.: Volvulus of the Sigmoid Colon , Am. J. Surg. 71:550 ( (April) ) 1946. 10. (j) Sweet, R. H.: Volvulus of the Cecum , New England J. Med. 213:287 ( (Aug. 15) ) 1935. 11. (k) Wangensteen, O. H.: Intestinal Obstructions: A Physiological and Clinical Consideration with Emphasis on Therapy, Including Description of Operative Procedures , ed. 2. Springfield, Ill., Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1942. 12. (l) Weinstein, M.: Volvulus of the Cecum and Ascending Colon , Ann. Surg. 107:248 ( (Feb.) ) 1938. 13. 2. (a) Bona, T.: Volvulus of Cecum , Zentralbl. f. Chir. 65:2425 ( (Oct. 29) ) 1938 14. The 1939 Year Book of General Surgery, Practical Medicine Series , Chicago, The Year Book Publisher, Inc., 1939. 15. (b) Bruusgaard, C.: Volvulus of the Sigmoid Colon and Its Treatment , Surgery 22:466 ( (Sept.) ) 1947. 16. (e) Norgaard, F.: Periodic, Spontaneously Remittent Volvulus and the Symptoms in Cases of Colon Elongatum , Acta. radiol. 26:163, 1945 17. Internat. Abstr. Surg. 83:146, 1946 18. Surg., Gynec. & Obst. , (Aug.) 1946. 19. Bruusgaard.2b Edgren.2c Laurel.2d Peterson.2f Touvinen.2g 20. Scott, W. J. M., and Serenati, Q. J.: Megacolon: Mechanism and Choice of Treatment , Surgery 20:603 ( (Nov.) ) 1946. 21. Groth, K. E., cited by Bruusgaard.2b 22. Laufman, H., and Method, H.: The Role of Vascular Spasm in Recovery of Strangulated Intestine , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 85:675 ( (Dec.) ) 1947. 23. Wilms, M., cited by Bruusgaard.2b Norgaard.2e 24. Holmgren, B. S.: Volvulus , Acta. radiol. 19:230 ( (Sept.) ) 1938 25. The 1939 Year Book of General Surgery, Practical Medicine Series , Chicago, Year Book Publishers, Inc., 1939. 26. James, K. L.: Volvulus of Pelvic Colon in Young Person , Brit. M. J. 2:569 ( (Sept.) ) 1938. 27. Ritvo, M., and Golden, J. L.: Roentgen Diagnosis of Volvulus of Sigmoid with Obstruction , Am. J. Roentgenol. 56:480 ( (Oct.) ) 1946.
Archives of Surgery – American Medical Association
Published: Apr 1, 1950