Abstract Visual disturbances following a hemorrhage from any source are of two varieties. The first is purely functional and well recognized, generally follows closely or immediately after the hemorrhage and is probably due to an anemia of the cortical visual centers or, perhaps, of the retina, although no fundus changes are seen and the disturbance is usually transient. Recovery for the most part begins immediately and is usually complete. The second variety, which will be discussed here, is rare, especially when one considers the common occurrence of a profound loss of blood. Fundus lesions are usually present. The clinical syndrome was first referred to by Hippocrates. In 1865, Haddeus first described it as observed in the profound anemia associated with the comatose phase of typhus, and von Graefe, in the same year, described it as it appeared in the collapse state of cholera. Knapp described its occurrence in a case of References 1. Traquair, H. M.: Clinical Perimetry , ed. 3, St. Louis, C. V. Mosby Company, 1938, p. 182. 2. Zentmayer, W. : Visual Disturbances from Distant Hemorrhage , J. A. M. A. 59:1050 ( (Sept. 21) ) 1912.Crossref 3. Duke-Elder, W. S.: Textbook of Ophthalmology , St. Louis, C. V. Mosby Company, 1941, vol. 3, p. 2556. 4. Tidy, H. L.: Brit. M. J. 1:774, 1941.Crossref 5. Stirling, J. W.: Ophth. Rev. 23:219, 1904. 6. Bistis, J.: Arch. d'opht. 28:34, 1908. 7. Harbridge, D. F.: Am. J. Ophth. 7:192, 1924. 8. Grimminger: Ztschr. f. Augenh. 57:106, 1925. 9. Terrien, F., cited by Barr, A. S.: Am. J. Ophth. 17:396, 1934. 10. Langdon, H. M.: Amaurosis After Uterine Hemorrhage, with Restoration of Vision Following Transfusion , Arch. Ophth. 10:99 ( (July) ) 1933.Crossref 11. Watkins, C. H.; Wagener, H. P., and Brown, R. W.: Am. J. Ophth. 24:1374, 1941. 12. Panton, P. N.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 55:47, 1935. 13. Allbutt, T. C., and Rolleston, H. D.: A System of Medicine , London, Macmillan & Co., 1909, vol. 5, p. 716. 14. Holden, W. A.: Arch. Ophth. 28:125, 1899. 15. Goerlitz: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 64:764, 1920. 16. Frey, W. G.: Am. J. Ophth. 21:491, 1938. 17. Amos, A. R.: Hemianopsia, Followed by Total Loss of Vision in Both Eyes, as a Result of Uterine Hemorrhage from Fibroid Tumor , J. A. M. A. 30:984 ( (April 23) ) 1898. 18. Walker, G. L., and Leinfelder, P. J.: Retinal Hemorrhage Following Transfusion , Arch. Ophth. 26:489 ( (Sept.) ) 1941.Crossref 19. Terson, A.: Ann. d'ocul. 159:23, 1922.
Archives of Ophthalmology – American Medical Association
Published: Mar 1, 1943
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera