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VISUAL LOSS FOLLOWING DISTANT HEMORRHAGE

VISUAL LOSS FOLLOWING DISTANT HEMORRHAGE Abstract Visual disturbances following a hemorrhage from any source are of two varieties. The first is purely functional and well recognized, generally follows closely or immediately after the hemorrhage and is probably due to an anemia of the cortical visual centers or, perhaps, of the retina, although no fundus changes are seen and the disturbance is usually transient. Recovery for the most part begins immediately and is usually complete. The second variety, which will be discussed here, is rare, especially when one considers the common occurrence of a profound loss of blood. Fundus lesions are usually present. The clinical syndrome was first referred to by Hippocrates. In 1865, Haddeus first described it as observed in the profound anemia associated with the comatose phase of typhus, and von Graefe, in the same year, described it as it appeared in the collapse state of cholera. Knapp described its occurrence in a case of References 1. Traquair, H. M.: Clinical Perimetry , ed. 3, St. Louis, C. V. Mosby Company, 1938, p. 182. 2. Zentmayer, W. : Visual Disturbances from Distant Hemorrhage , J. A. M. A. 59:1050 ( (Sept. 21) ) 1912.Crossref 3. Duke-Elder, W. S.: Textbook of Ophthalmology , St. Louis, C. V. Mosby Company, 1941, vol. 3, p. 2556. 4. Tidy, H. L.: Brit. M. J. 1:774, 1941.Crossref 5. Stirling, J. W.: Ophth. Rev. 23:219, 1904. 6. Bistis, J.: Arch. d'opht. 28:34, 1908. 7. Harbridge, D. F.: Am. J. Ophth. 7:192, 1924. 8. Grimminger: Ztschr. f. Augenh. 57:106, 1925. 9. Terrien, F., cited by Barr, A. S.: Am. J. Ophth. 17:396, 1934. 10. Langdon, H. M.: Amaurosis After Uterine Hemorrhage, with Restoration of Vision Following Transfusion , Arch. Ophth. 10:99 ( (July) ) 1933.Crossref 11. Watkins, C. H.; Wagener, H. P., and Brown, R. W.: Am. J. Ophth. 24:1374, 1941. 12. Panton, P. N.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 55:47, 1935. 13. Allbutt, T. C., and Rolleston, H. D.: A System of Medicine , London, Macmillan & Co., 1909, vol. 5, p. 716. 14. Holden, W. A.: Arch. Ophth. 28:125, 1899. 15. Goerlitz: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 64:764, 1920. 16. Frey, W. G.: Am. J. Ophth. 21:491, 1938. 17. Amos, A. R.: Hemianopsia, Followed by Total Loss of Vision in Both Eyes, as a Result of Uterine Hemorrhage from Fibroid Tumor , J. A. M. A. 30:984 ( (April 23) ) 1898. 18. Walker, G. L., and Leinfelder, P. J.: Retinal Hemorrhage Following Transfusion , Arch. Ophth. 26:489 ( (Sept.) ) 1941.Crossref 19. Terson, A.: Ann. d'ocul. 159:23, 1922. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

VISUAL LOSS FOLLOWING DISTANT HEMORRHAGE

Archives of Ophthalmology , Volume 29 (3) – Mar 1, 1943

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1943 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1943.00880150123007
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Visual disturbances following a hemorrhage from any source are of two varieties. The first is purely functional and well recognized, generally follows closely or immediately after the hemorrhage and is probably due to an anemia of the cortical visual centers or, perhaps, of the retina, although no fundus changes are seen and the disturbance is usually transient. Recovery for the most part begins immediately and is usually complete. The second variety, which will be discussed here, is rare, especially when one considers the common occurrence of a profound loss of blood. Fundus lesions are usually present. The clinical syndrome was first referred to by Hippocrates. In 1865, Haddeus first described it as observed in the profound anemia associated with the comatose phase of typhus, and von Graefe, in the same year, described it as it appeared in the collapse state of cholera. Knapp described its occurrence in a case of References 1. Traquair, H. M.: Clinical Perimetry , ed. 3, St. Louis, C. V. Mosby Company, 1938, p. 182. 2. Zentmayer, W. : Visual Disturbances from Distant Hemorrhage , J. A. M. A. 59:1050 ( (Sept. 21) ) 1912.Crossref 3. Duke-Elder, W. S.: Textbook of Ophthalmology , St. Louis, C. V. Mosby Company, 1941, vol. 3, p. 2556. 4. Tidy, H. L.: Brit. M. J. 1:774, 1941.Crossref 5. Stirling, J. W.: Ophth. Rev. 23:219, 1904. 6. Bistis, J.: Arch. d'opht. 28:34, 1908. 7. Harbridge, D. F.: Am. J. Ophth. 7:192, 1924. 8. Grimminger: Ztschr. f. Augenh. 57:106, 1925. 9. Terrien, F., cited by Barr, A. S.: Am. J. Ophth. 17:396, 1934. 10. Langdon, H. M.: Amaurosis After Uterine Hemorrhage, with Restoration of Vision Following Transfusion , Arch. Ophth. 10:99 ( (July) ) 1933.Crossref 11. Watkins, C. H.; Wagener, H. P., and Brown, R. W.: Am. J. Ophth. 24:1374, 1941. 12. Panton, P. N.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 55:47, 1935. 13. Allbutt, T. C., and Rolleston, H. D.: A System of Medicine , London, Macmillan & Co., 1909, vol. 5, p. 716. 14. Holden, W. A.: Arch. Ophth. 28:125, 1899. 15. Goerlitz: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 64:764, 1920. 16. Frey, W. G.: Am. J. Ophth. 21:491, 1938. 17. Amos, A. R.: Hemianopsia, Followed by Total Loss of Vision in Both Eyes, as a Result of Uterine Hemorrhage from Fibroid Tumor , J. A. M. A. 30:984 ( (April 23) ) 1898. 18. Walker, G. L., and Leinfelder, P. J.: Retinal Hemorrhage Following Transfusion , Arch. Ophth. 26:489 ( (Sept.) ) 1941.Crossref 19. Terson, A.: Ann. d'ocul. 159:23, 1922.

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Mar 1, 1943

References

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