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Visual Field Character in Temporal and Occipital Lobe Lesions: Localizing Values of Congruity and Incongruity in Incomplete Homonymous Hemianopsia

Visual Field Character in Temporal and Occipital Lobe Lesions: Localizing Values of Congruity and... Abstract Introduction It is the purpose of this study to establish the actuality of congruity and incongruity in incomplete homonymous hemianoptic visual field defects produced by lesions affecting the visual cortex of the occipital lobes and the anterior optic radiations in the temporal lobes. It is believed that the clinical data presented here will add to our knowledge of the architecture of the optic radiation in the temporal lobe of man and the visual cortex in the calcarine fissure of the occipital lobe. In the absence of conclusive transynaptic degeneration studies, the quantitative perimetric examination of persons with precisely localized cerebral lesions is the only present method of arriving at an understanding of the visual fiber patterns in these areas of the cerebral hemisphere.A lesion involving the anterior optic radiation in the temporal lobe is often indistinguishable from one affecting the visual cortex of the occipital lobe, except for the References 1. Harrington, D. O.: Localizing Value of Incongruity in Defects in the Visual Fields , Arch. Ophthal. 21:453, 1939.Crossref 2. Harrington, D. O.: The Visual Fields , St. Louis, The C. V. Mosby Company, 1956, pp. 264, 269, 270, 272, 276, 290, 291, and 300. 3. Harrington, D. O.: The Character of the Visual Field Defects in Lesions of the Temporal and Occipital Lobes, Trans. Amer. Ophthal. Soc., 59:, 1961, to be published. 4. Traquair, H. M.: An Introduction to Clinical Perimetry , Ed. 3, St. Louis, The C. V. Mosby Company, 1938, pp. 60, 242, 253-255. 5. Traquair, H. M.: Clinical Perimetry , Ed. 7, edited by Scott, St. Louis, The C. V. Mosby Company, 1957, pp. 245-246, 256-267, 269-270, 276, 284, and 304. 6. Hughes, B.: The Visual Fields , Springfield, Ill., Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1955, pp. 53-63, 84-85, and 99-100. 7. Falconer, M. A., and Wilson, J. L.: Visual Field Changes Following Anterior Temporal Lobectomy: Their Significance in Relation to "Meyers Loop" of the Optic Radiation , Brain 81:1, 1958.Crossref 8. Wendland, J. P., and Nerenberg, S.: Visual Field Studies After Temporal Lobectomy for Epilepsy , A.M.A. Arch. Ophthal. 64:195, 1960.Crossref 9. Teuber, H. L.; Battersby, W. S., and Bender, M: Visual Field Defects After Penetrating Missile Wounds of the Brain , Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1960, pp. 9-12, 20-21, 36-37, 39, 42, 46-49, 55-64, 114-116. 10. Cushing, H.: Disorders of the Visual Fields in the Case of Brain Tumors: The Field Defects Produced by Temporal Lobe Lesions , Brain 44:341, 1921. 11. Polyak, S.: The Vertebrate Visual System , Chicago, The University of Chicago Press, 1957, pp. 708 and 737. 12. Dubois-Poulsen, A.: Le Champ visuel , Paris, France, Masson et Cie, 1952, pp. 945-951. 13. VanBuren, J. M., and Baldwin, M.: The Architecture of the Optic Radiation in the Temporal Lobe of Man , Brain 81:15, 1958.Crossref 14. Spalding, J. M. K.: Wounds of the Visual Pathway: Part I. The Visual Radiation; Part II. The Striate Cortex , Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiat. 15:99 and 169, 1952.Crossref 15. Holmes, G., and Lister, W. T.: Disturbances of Vision from Cerebral Lesions, with Special Reference to the Cortical Representation of the Macula , Brain 39:34, 1916.Crossref 16. Walker, A. E., and Fulton, J.: The Thalamus of the Chimpanzee: Part III . Brain 61:250, 1938.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

Visual Field Character in Temporal and Occipital Lobe Lesions: Localizing Values of Congruity and Incongruity in Incomplete Homonymous Hemianopsia

Archives of Ophthalmology , Volume 66 (6) – Dec 1, 1961

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1961 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1961.00960010780004
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Introduction It is the purpose of this study to establish the actuality of congruity and incongruity in incomplete homonymous hemianoptic visual field defects produced by lesions affecting the visual cortex of the occipital lobes and the anterior optic radiations in the temporal lobes. It is believed that the clinical data presented here will add to our knowledge of the architecture of the optic radiation in the temporal lobe of man and the visual cortex in the calcarine fissure of the occipital lobe. In the absence of conclusive transynaptic degeneration studies, the quantitative perimetric examination of persons with precisely localized cerebral lesions is the only present method of arriving at an understanding of the visual fiber patterns in these areas of the cerebral hemisphere.A lesion involving the anterior optic radiation in the temporal lobe is often indistinguishable from one affecting the visual cortex of the occipital lobe, except for the References 1. Harrington, D. O.: Localizing Value of Incongruity in Defects in the Visual Fields , Arch. Ophthal. 21:453, 1939.Crossref 2. Harrington, D. O.: The Visual Fields , St. Louis, The C. V. Mosby Company, 1956, pp. 264, 269, 270, 272, 276, 290, 291, and 300. 3. Harrington, D. O.: The Character of the Visual Field Defects in Lesions of the Temporal and Occipital Lobes, Trans. Amer. Ophthal. Soc., 59:, 1961, to be published. 4. Traquair, H. M.: An Introduction to Clinical Perimetry , Ed. 3, St. Louis, The C. V. Mosby Company, 1938, pp. 60, 242, 253-255. 5. Traquair, H. M.: Clinical Perimetry , Ed. 7, edited by Scott, St. Louis, The C. V. Mosby Company, 1957, pp. 245-246, 256-267, 269-270, 276, 284, and 304. 6. Hughes, B.: The Visual Fields , Springfield, Ill., Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1955, pp. 53-63, 84-85, and 99-100. 7. Falconer, M. A., and Wilson, J. L.: Visual Field Changes Following Anterior Temporal Lobectomy: Their Significance in Relation to "Meyers Loop" of the Optic Radiation , Brain 81:1, 1958.Crossref 8. Wendland, J. P., and Nerenberg, S.: Visual Field Studies After Temporal Lobectomy for Epilepsy , A.M.A. Arch. Ophthal. 64:195, 1960.Crossref 9. Teuber, H. L.; Battersby, W. S., and Bender, M: Visual Field Defects After Penetrating Missile Wounds of the Brain , Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1960, pp. 9-12, 20-21, 36-37, 39, 42, 46-49, 55-64, 114-116. 10. Cushing, H.: Disorders of the Visual Fields in the Case of Brain Tumors: The Field Defects Produced by Temporal Lobe Lesions , Brain 44:341, 1921. 11. Polyak, S.: The Vertebrate Visual System , Chicago, The University of Chicago Press, 1957, pp. 708 and 737. 12. Dubois-Poulsen, A.: Le Champ visuel , Paris, France, Masson et Cie, 1952, pp. 945-951. 13. VanBuren, J. M., and Baldwin, M.: The Architecture of the Optic Radiation in the Temporal Lobe of Man , Brain 81:15, 1958.Crossref 14. Spalding, J. M. K.: Wounds of the Visual Pathway: Part I. The Visual Radiation; Part II. The Striate Cortex , Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiat. 15:99 and 169, 1952.Crossref 15. Holmes, G., and Lister, W. T.: Disturbances of Vision from Cerebral Lesions, with Special Reference to the Cortical Representation of the Macula , Brain 39:34, 1916.Crossref 16. Walker, A. E., and Fulton, J.: The Thalamus of the Chimpanzee: Part III . Brain 61:250, 1938.Crossref

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Dec 1, 1961

References