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VISUAL DISTURBANCES ASSOCIATED WITH HEAD INJURIES

VISUAL DISTURBANCES ASSOCIATED WITH HEAD INJURIES Abstract THE large number of head injuries observed in battle casualties provides the best material for study of the representation of various areas of the retina in the cerebral cortex. Few contributions have been made from injuries sustained outside of war periods. Experimental determination of field defects by induced injuries is not feasible, for obvious reasons. One, therefore, must depend on lesions of the brain in human subjects studied at operation or at necropsy. From patients so studied one can draw certain conclusions concerning those who do not come to operation or to necropsy. The two most significant papers on the subject are those by Holmes and Lister,1 in 1916, and by Holmes,2 in 1918, in which they reported their studies of disturbances of vision by cerebral lesions observed in British casualties in World War I. Henschen,3 in 1900, had pioneered with pathologic studies showing that the visual References 1. Holmes, G. H., and Lister, W. T.: Disturbance of Vision from Cerebral Lesions , Brain 39:34, 1916.Crossref 2. Holmes, G. H.: Disturbances of Vision by Cerebral Lesions , Brit. J. Ophth. 2:253, 1918. 3. Henschen: Sur le centre cortical de la vision , Cong. internat. de méd., sect. d'opht., Paris , 1900, (pt. 9) , p. 232. 4. Inouye : Die Sehstörungen bei Schussverletzungen der kortikalen Sehsphäre, nach Beobachtung von Verwundeten der letzen japanischen Kriege , Leipzig, W. Engelmann, 1909. 5. Marie, P., and Chatelin, C.: Les troubles visuels dus aux lésions des voies optiques intracérébrales et de la sphere visuelle corticale dans les blessures du crâne par coup de feu , Rev. neurol. 27:882, 1914-1915. 6. Riddoch, G.: On the Relative Perceptions of Movement and a Stationary Object in Certain Visual Disturbances Due to Occipital Injuries , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. (Sect. Neurol.) 10:13, 1916-1917. 7. Moreau, F. : Sur les troubles de la vision maculaire produit par les lésions traumatiques de la région occipitales , Ann. d'ocul. 155:357, 1918. 8. Morax, V.: Discussion des hypothèses faites sur les connexions corticales des faisceaux maculaires , Ann. d'ocul. 156:25, 1918. 9. Scarlett, H. U., and Ingham, S. D.: Visual Defects Caused by Occipital Lobe Lesions: Report of Thirteen Cases , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 8:225 ( (Sept.) ) 1922. 10. Traquair, H. M.: An Introduction to Clinical Perimetry , ed. 4, London, Henry Kimpton, 1942. 11. Riddoch, G.: Dissociations of Visual Perceptions Due to Occipital Injuries with Especial Reference to Appreciation of Movement , Brain 40:15, 1917 12. Visual Disorientation in Homonymous Half-Fields , Riddoch Brain 58:376, 1935. 13. Holmes, G. H.: Disturbance of Visual Orientation , Brit. M. J. 2:449 and 506, 1918. 14. Traquair, H. M.; Dott, N. M., and Russell, W. R.: Traumatic Lesions of the Optic Chiasma , Brain 58:398 ( (Sept.) ) 1935. 15. Osterberg, G.: Traumatic Bitemporal Hemianopsia , Acta ophth. 16:466, 1938. 16. Coppez, H.: Le mécanisme des lésions du chiasma dans les fractures du crane , Arch. d'opht. 46:705-716 ( (Dec.) ) 1929. 17. Henderson, J. V., and Rucker, C. W.: Bitemporal Hemianopia of Traumatic Origin , Arch. Ophth. 24:800 ( (Oct.) ) 1940. 18. Burch, F. E.: Ocular Evidence of Head Trauma , Wisconsin M. J. 41: 1092, 1942. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

VISUAL DISTURBANCES ASSOCIATED WITH HEAD INJURIES

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1946 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1946.00890210036003
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract THE large number of head injuries observed in battle casualties provides the best material for study of the representation of various areas of the retina in the cerebral cortex. Few contributions have been made from injuries sustained outside of war periods. Experimental determination of field defects by induced injuries is not feasible, for obvious reasons. One, therefore, must depend on lesions of the brain in human subjects studied at operation or at necropsy. From patients so studied one can draw certain conclusions concerning those who do not come to operation or to necropsy. The two most significant papers on the subject are those by Holmes and Lister,1 in 1916, and by Holmes,2 in 1918, in which they reported their studies of disturbances of vision by cerebral lesions observed in British casualties in World War I. Henschen,3 in 1900, had pioneered with pathologic studies showing that the visual References 1. Holmes, G. H., and Lister, W. T.: Disturbance of Vision from Cerebral Lesions , Brain 39:34, 1916.Crossref 2. Holmes, G. H.: Disturbances of Vision by Cerebral Lesions , Brit. J. Ophth. 2:253, 1918. 3. Henschen: Sur le centre cortical de la vision , Cong. internat. de méd., sect. d'opht., Paris , 1900, (pt. 9) , p. 232. 4. Inouye : Die Sehstörungen bei Schussverletzungen der kortikalen Sehsphäre, nach Beobachtung von Verwundeten der letzen japanischen Kriege , Leipzig, W. Engelmann, 1909. 5. Marie, P., and Chatelin, C.: Les troubles visuels dus aux lésions des voies optiques intracérébrales et de la sphere visuelle corticale dans les blessures du crâne par coup de feu , Rev. neurol. 27:882, 1914-1915. 6. Riddoch, G.: On the Relative Perceptions of Movement and a Stationary Object in Certain Visual Disturbances Due to Occipital Injuries , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. (Sect. Neurol.) 10:13, 1916-1917. 7. Moreau, F. : Sur les troubles de la vision maculaire produit par les lésions traumatiques de la région occipitales , Ann. d'ocul. 155:357, 1918. 8. Morax, V.: Discussion des hypothèses faites sur les connexions corticales des faisceaux maculaires , Ann. d'ocul. 156:25, 1918. 9. Scarlett, H. U., and Ingham, S. D.: Visual Defects Caused by Occipital Lobe Lesions: Report of Thirteen Cases , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 8:225 ( (Sept.) ) 1922. 10. Traquair, H. M.: An Introduction to Clinical Perimetry , ed. 4, London, Henry Kimpton, 1942. 11. Riddoch, G.: Dissociations of Visual Perceptions Due to Occipital Injuries with Especial Reference to Appreciation of Movement , Brain 40:15, 1917 12. Visual Disorientation in Homonymous Half-Fields , Riddoch Brain 58:376, 1935. 13. Holmes, G. H.: Disturbance of Visual Orientation , Brit. M. J. 2:449 and 506, 1918. 14. Traquair, H. M.; Dott, N. M., and Russell, W. R.: Traumatic Lesions of the Optic Chiasma , Brain 58:398 ( (Sept.) ) 1935. 15. Osterberg, G.: Traumatic Bitemporal Hemianopsia , Acta ophth. 16:466, 1938. 16. Coppez, H.: Le mécanisme des lésions du chiasma dans les fractures du crane , Arch. d'opht. 46:705-716 ( (Dec.) ) 1929. 17. Henderson, J. V., and Rucker, C. W.: Bitemporal Hemianopia of Traumatic Origin , Arch. Ophth. 24:800 ( (Oct.) ) 1940. 18. Burch, F. E.: Ocular Evidence of Head Trauma , Wisconsin M. J. 41: 1092, 1942.

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jul 1, 1946

References