Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

VASCULAR BASIS OF ALLERGY OF THE EYE AND ITS ADNEXA

VASCULAR BASIS OF ALLERGY OF THE EYE AND ITS ADNEXA Abstract ALLERGY of the eye is, of necessity, a subdivision of allergy of the body as a whole. It is also a subdivision of hypersensitivity. Clinically, urticaria, asthma and iritis or any other allergic lesion of the eye are very different; basically, they must have the same pathologic physiology. The clinical symptoms, signs and pathologic manifestations of allergy depend on the structure of the tissue which is the seat of the allergic reaction. In 1935 Woods1 presented his monograph on the place of allergy and immunity in ophthalmology. This work deals with experimental studies in general ocular immunology; the relationship of allergy to focal infection, vernal conjunctivitis, trachoma, syphilis and tuberculosis; the antigenic properties and reactions of lens protein and uveal pigment, and the use of nonspecific proteins, autoserums, vaccines and specific serums in therapy. Woods's monograph is an excellent introduction to allergy of the eye from the viewpoint of References 1. Woods, A. C.: Allergy and Immunity in Ophthalmology , Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press, 1935. 2. Appelbaum, A.: Allergic Phenomena in Ophthalmology , Arch. Ophth. 24: 803 ( (Oct.) ) 1940.Crossref 3. Bab, W.: Am. J. Ophth. 24:759 ( (July) ) 1941. 4. Boyd, W.: A Textbook of Pathology , ed. 2, Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1935. 5. Bothman, L.: The 1941 Year Book of the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat , Chicago, The Year Book Publishers, Inc., 1941, pp. 7-58. 6. Lemoine, A. N.: Allergies in Ophthalmology , Arch. Ophth. 28:79 ( (July) ) 1942.Crossref 7. Muncaster, S. B., and Allen, H. E.: Bilateral Uveitis and Retinal Periarteritis as a Focal Reaction to the Tuberculin Test , Arch. Ophth. 21:509 ( (March) ) 1939.Crossref 8. Lockhart, R. J.: Brit. J. Dermat. 51:318 ( (July) ) 1939.Crossref 9. Horder: Brit. M. J. 1:632 ( (March 25) ) 1935.Crossref 10. Lecoq, R., and Vignal, O.: Presse méd. 48:331-332 ( (March 27) ) 1940. 11. Gajdos, A.: Presse méd. 46:509 ( (April 2) ) 1938. 12. Albus, G.: Ztschr. f. d. ges. exper. Med. 108:592 ( (March 3) ) 1941.Crossref 13. Tooke, F. I., and Nicholls, J.: Am. J. Ophth. 21:395 ( (April) ) 1938. 14. Ricker, G.: Sklerose und Hypertonie der innervierten Arterien , Berlin, Julius Springer, 1927. 15. Seegal, D., and Seegal, B. C., in Gay, F. P.: Agents of Disease and Host Resistance , Springfield, Ill., Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1935, pp. 79-112. 16. Seegal, B. C., in Gay, F. P.: Agents of Disease and Host Resistance , Springfield, Ill., Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1935, pp. 36-78. 17. Topley, W. W. C.: An Outline of Immunity , Baltimore, William Wood & Company, 1933, pp. 192-223. 18. Findlay, G. M.: J. Path. & Bact. 31:633 ( (Oct.) ) 1928. 19. Topley,17 pages 248-249. 20. Sollmann, T.: A Manual of Pharmacology , ed. 2, Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Co., 1922, p. 446. 21. Evans, C. L.: Recent Advances in Physiology , ed. 4, Philadelphia, P. Blakiston's Son & Co., 1930. 22. Landis, E. M.: Physiol. Rev. 14:404 ( (July) ) 1934. 23. Dale, H. H., and Laidlaw, P. P.: Histamine Shock , J. Physiol. 52:355, 1918-1919. 24. Dale, H. H.: Lancet 1:1179 ( (June 8) ); 1233 (June 15); 1285 (June 22) 1929. 25. Best, C. H., and McHenry, E. W.: Physiol. Rev. 11:371 ( (Oct.) ) 1931. 26. Moon, V.: Shock and Related Capillary Phenomena , New York, Oxford University Press, 1938. 27. Dale, H. H., and Laidlaw, P. P.: J. Physiol. 41:318, 1910-1911 28. 43:182, 1911-1912. 29. Cohen, A. E., and Waterstone, M. L.: J. Allergy 11:393 ( (May) ) 1940. 30. Corelli, F.: Policlinico (sez med.) 44:491 ( (Oct. 1) ) 1937. 31. Pickering, G. W., and Hess, W.: Brit. M. J. 2:1097 ( (Dec. 17) ) 1932. 32. Maijala, P.: Nord. med. tidskr. 16:1287 ( (Aug. 13) ) 1938. 33. Peters, J. P. and Van Slyke, D. D.: Quantitative Clinical Chemistry , Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins Company, 1931, vol. 1, p. 398. 34. Urbach, E.; Herrman, M. F., and Gottlieb, E. M.: Cold Allergy and Cold Pathergy , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 43:366 ( (Feb.) ) 1941. 35. Harkavy, J.: Vascular Allergy , Arch. Int. Med. 67:709 ( (April) ) 1941. 36. Benedict, W. L.: Retrobulbar Neuritis and Disease of the Nasal Accessory Sinuses , Arch. Ophth. 9:893 ( (June) ) 1933. 37. Schmidt, K.: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 93:191 ( (July) ) 1934 38. abstracted, Arch. Ophth. 13:887 ( (May) ) 1935. 39. Charlin, C. C.: Arch. de oftal. de Buenos Aires 11:251 ( (May) ) 1936. 40. Lagrange, H., and Goulesque, J.: Ann. d'ocul. 175:493 ( (July) ) 1938. 41. Evans, J. J.: Birmingham M. Rev. 83:1 ( (Jan.-Feb.) ) 1918. 42. Evans, J. J.: Birmingham M. Rev. 8:252 ( (Dec.) ) 1933. 43. Reimann, H. A., and Havens, W. P.: Focal Infection and Systemic Disease: A Critical Appraisal , J. A. M. A. 114:1 ( (Jan. 6) ) 1940. 44. Irons, E. E.: Bull. New York Acad. Med. 7:412 ( (June) ) 1931. 45. Sedan, J., and Koutseff, A.: Ocular Allergy: New Observations , Arch. Ophth. 22:924 ( (Nov.) ) 1939. 46. Brown, A. L.: Am. J. Ophth. 8:614 ( (Aug.) ) 1925. 47. Theodore, F. H., and Lewson, A. C.: Bilateral Iritis Complicating Serum Sickness , Arch. Ophth. 21:828 ( (May) ) 1939. 48. Hildebrandt, F.: The Pharmacology of Short Waves , J. A. M. A. 112: 1274 ( (April 1) ) 1939. 49. Warren, S. L.; Carpenter, C. M., and Boak, R. A.: J. Exper. Med. 71: 155 ( (Feb.) ) 1940. 50. Ebaugh, F. G.; Barnacle, C. H., and Ewalt, J. R.: Psychiatric Aspects of Artificial Fever Therapy , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 39:1203 ( (June) ) 1938. 51. Watt, J. C.: Brit. M. J. 1:896 ( (May 20) ) 1933. 52. Davidson, G. M.: Am. J. Psychiat. 91:41 ( (July) ) 1934. 53. Shulack, N. R.: Psychiatric Quart. 12:282 ( (April) ) 1938. 54. Sudden "Exhaustive" Death in Excited Patients , editorial, Brit. M. J. 2:751 ( (Oct. 8) ) 1938.Crossref 55. Collins, R. T.: Bull. Neurol. Inst. New York 7:291 ( (Dec.) ) 1938. 56. Horder: Brit. M. J. 1:859 ( (May 20) ) 1933.Crossref 57. Knapp, A.: Arch. Ophth. 50:556, 1921. 58. Gifford, S. R.: The Pathogenesis of Glaucoma , Arch. Ophth. 3:88 ( (Jan.) ) 1930.Crossref 59. Goldenburg, M.: Am. J. Ophth. 14:944 ( (Sept.) ) 1931. 60. Goldenburg, M.: Am. J. Ophth. 11:290 ( (April) ) 1928. 61. Friedenwald, J. S.: The Pathogenesis of Acute Glaucoma: I. Clinical and Pathologic Study , Arch. Ophth. 3:560 ( (May) ) 1930.Crossref 62. Friedenwald, J. S., and Pierce, H. F.: The Pathogenesis of Acute Glaucoma: II. Experimental Study , Arch. Ophth. 3:574 ( (May) ) 1930.Crossref 63. Duke-Elder, W. S.: Brit. M. J. 1:879 ( (May 20) ) 1933.Crossref 64. Evans, J. J., and Evans, P. J.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 54:527, 1934. 65. Evans, P. J.: Brit. J. Ophth. 23:745 ( (Dec.) ) 1939.Crossref 66. Weinstein, P.: Brit. M. J. 1:436 ( (March 4) ) 1939.Crossref 67. Brückner, A.: Physiologic and Clinical Ophthalmologic Problems in Relation to Individual Variability , Arch. Ophth. 20:912 ( (Dec.) ) 1938. 68. Horton, B. T.; Brown, G. E., and Roth, G. M.: Hypersensitiveness to Cold , J. A. M. A. 107:1263 ( (Oct. 17) ) 1936.Crossref 69. Luedde, W. H.: Am. J. Ophth. 23:388 ( (April) ) 1940. 70. Kirwan, E. W. O'G.: Primary Glaucoma—A Symptom of Epidemic Dropsy , Arch. Ophth. 12:1 ( (July) ) 1934.Crossref 71. Kirwan, E. W. O'G., and Mukerjee, S. N.: Brit. J. Ophth. 22:329 ( (June) ) 1938.Crossref 72. Ridley, F.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 58:590, 1938. 73. Kraupa, E.: Arch. f. Augenh. 109:416 ( (Dec.) ) 1935. 74. Weekers, L., and Barac, G.: Arch. d'opht. 1:193 ( (March) ) 1937. 75. Schroeder, H.: New Orleans M. & S. J. 87:671 ( (April) ) 1935. 76. Schoenberg, M.: Brit. J. Ophth. 22:417 ( (July) ) 1938. 77. Schoenberg, M. J.: Role of States of Anxiety in the Pathogenesis of Primary Glaucoma , Arch. Ophth. 23:76 ( (Jan.) ) 1940. 78. Josephson, E. M.: Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat Monthly 13:453 ( (Jan.) ) 1935. 79. Woods, A. C.: The Use of an Extract of Adrenal Cortex in Glaucoma , Arch. Ophth. 14:937 ( (Dec.) ) 1935. 80. Paul, T. M.: Urol. & Cut. Rev. 38:207 ( (March) ) 1934. 81. Miller, E. A.: Am. J. Ophth. 22:536 ( (May) ) 1939. 82. Clarke, S. T.: Am. J. Ophth. 22:249 ( (March) ) 1939. 83. Rabinowitch, M. G.: Sovet. vestnik oftal. 7:181, 1935 84. abstracted, Arch. Ophth. 15:936 ( (May) ) 1936. 85. Drinker and Bronfenner, cited by Seegal.16 86. Meyer, A., and Cook, L. C.: J. Ment. Sc. 83:258 ( (May) ) 1937. 87. Moore, R. F.: Medical Ophthalmology , ed. 2, London, J. & A. Churchill, 1925. 88. Paton, L.: Brit. J. Ophth. 10:305 ( (June) ) 1926. 89. Kahoun, S.: Ceskoslov. oftal. 3:109, 1937 90. abstracted, Am. J. Ophth. 21:458 ( (April) ) 1938. 91. Kennedy, F.: New York State J. Med. 36:469 ( (April 1) ) 1936. 92. Oppenheim, H.: Diseases of the Nervous System , translated by E. E. Mayer from the second German edition, Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1900. 93. Kennedy, F.; Wortis, S. B., and Wortis, H.: New York State J. Med. 38:1441 ( (Nov. 15) ) 1938. 94. Agatston, S. A.: M. J. & Rec. 138:41 ( (July 19) ) 1933. 95. Kyrieleis, W.: "Peristatic" Conditions Associated with Incomplete Occlusion of the Central Artery , Arch. Ophth. 23:447 ( (Feb.) ) 1940. 96. Marucci, L.: Ann. di ottal. e clin. ocul. 64:671 ( (Oct.) ) 1936. 97. Geserick, H.: Arch. f. Ophth. 138:647, 1938 98. abstracted, Am. J. Ophth. 21:1061 ( (Sept.) ) 1938. 99. Bender, M. B.: Am. J. Ophth. 18:148 ( (Feb.) ) 1935. 100. Toth, Z., and Meszaros, K.: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 91:815 ( (Dec.) ) 1933. 101. Bride, T. M.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 57:346, 1937. 102. de Rötth, A.: Bilateral Detachment of the Retina , Arch. Ophth. 22:809 ( (Nov.) ) 1939.Crossref 103. Minton, J.: Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 30:285 ( (Jan.) ) 1937 104. abstracted, Arch. Ophth. 17:565 ( (March) ) 1937. 105. Orr, H. C., and Young, J. H.: Brit. M. J. 1:1119 ( (June 1) ) 1935.Crossref 106. Tortella, L. P.: Arch. de oftal. hispano-am. 34:544 ( (Oct.) ) 1934. 107. Cormack, H. S., and Anderson, L. A. P.: Brit. J. Ophth. 18:167 ( (March) ) 1934.Crossref 108. Hasabe: Acta Soc. ophth. jap. 38:102 ( (July) ) 1934. 109. Suzuki: Acta Soc. ophth. jap. (July) 39:219, 1936. 110. Shannon, C. E. G.: Bitemporal Paracentral Scotoma , Arch. Ophth. 6:544 ( (October) ) 1931.Crossref 111. Bucy, P. C.: Toxic Optic Neuritis Resulting from Sulfanilamide , J. A. M. A. 109:1007 ( (Sept. 25) ) 1937.Crossref 112. Kahoun, S.: Ceskoslov. oftal. 3:122, 1937 113. abstracted, Am. J. Ophth. 21:340 ( (March) ) 1938. 114. Duggan, W. F.: Use of Vasodilators in Treatment of Retrobulbar Neuritis , Arch. Ophth. 16:380 ( (Sept.) ) 1936.Crossref 115. Knapp, A.: Medical Ophthalmology , Philadelphia, P. Blakiston's Son & Co., 1918, pp. 407-409. 116. Bedell, A.: New York State J. Med. 33:361 ( (March 15) ) 1933. 117. Campbell, E. H.: Relationship of Sinusitis to Optic and Retrobulbar 118. Hoople, G. D.: New York State J. Med. 33:365 ( (March 15) ) 1933. 119. Carroll, F. D.: Retrobulbar Neuritis: Observations on One Hundred Cases , Arch. Ophth. 24:44 ( (July) ) 1940.Crossref 120. Traquair, H. M.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 50:351, 1930. 121. Cross, R.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 33:43, 1913. 122. Sourdille C.: Clin. ophth. 6:280, 1900 123. abstracted, Arch. Ophth. 30:191, 1901. 124. Schieck, F.: Arch. f. Ophth. 71:466, 1909. 125. Aubaret, E., and Sédan, L.: Clin. opht. 17:255, 1928. 126. Snell, A.: New York State J. Med. 33:370 ( (March 15) ) 1933. 127. Bedell, A.: New York State J. Med. 36:959 ( (July 1) ) 1936. 128. de Saint-Martin: Ann. d'ocul. 168:102 ( (Feb.) ) 1931. 129. Hartmann, E., and Parfonry, J.: Bull. Soc. d'opht. de Paris , (February) 1934, p. 56. 130. Duggan, W. F.: Acute Retrobulbar Neuritis as a Manifestation of Acute Localized Tissue Anoxia , Arch. Ophth. 25:299 ( (Feb.) ) 1941.Crossref 131. Edwards, D. L.: J. Oklahoma M. A. 34:201 ( (May) ) 1941. 132. Ravin, L. C.: Am. J. Ophth. 26:188 ( (Feb.) ) 1943. 133. Cordes, F. C.: Am. J. Ophth. 26:916 ( (Sept.) ) 1943. 134. Kronfeld, P.: Introduction to Ophthalmology , Springfield, Ill., Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1938. 135. Davids, H.: Nodule Formation in the Eye , Arch. Ophth. 23:432 ( (Feb.) ) 1940. 136. Marchesani, O.: Rheumatic Uveitis , Arch. Ophth. 23:431 ( (Feb.) ) 1940. 137. Spadavecchia, V.: Ann. di ottal. e clin. ocul. 66:241 ( (April) ) 1938. 138. Duggan, W. F.: Vascular Basis of Uveal Disease , Arch. Ophth. 24:1123 ( (Dec.) ) 1940.Crossref 139. Arkhangelskiy, V. N.: Sovet. vestnik oftal. 8:10, 1936 140. abstracted, Arch. Ophth. 16:712 ( (Oct.) ) 1936. 141. Heath, C.: Brit. J. Ophth. 23:289 ( (May) ) 1939.Crossref 142. Duggan, W. F.: Acute Exudative Choroiditis , Arch. Ophth. 23:930 ( (May) ) 1940.Crossref 143. Duke-Elder, W. S.: Textbook of Ophthalmology , St. Louis, C. V. Mosby Company, 1941, vol. 3, pp. 2592-2594. 144. Cattaneo, D.: Ann. di ottal. e clin. ocul. 65:721 ( (Oct.) ) 1937. 145. Walsh, F. B., and Sloan, L. L.: Am. J. Ophth. 19:195 ( (March) ) 1936. 146. Verhoeff, F. H., and Grossman, H. P.: Pathogenesis of Disciform Degeneration of the Macula , Arch. Ophth. 18:561 ( (Oct.) ) 1937.Crossref 147. Verhoeff, F. H., and Grossman, H. P.: Pathogenesis of Disciform Degeneration of the Macula , Arch. Ophth. 19:467 ( (March) ) 1938.Crossref 148. Duggan, W. F.: Choroidosis Centralis Serosa , Arch. Ophth. 27:123 ( (Jan.) ) 1942.Crossref 149. Horniker, E.: Ann. di ottal. e clin. ocul. 55:55, 1927 150. Arch. f. Ophth. 123:286, 1929 151. Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 98:487, 1937. 152. Gifford, S. R., and Marquardt, G.: Central Angiospastic Retinopathy , Arch. Ophth. 21:211 ( (Feb.) ) 1939.Crossref 153. Gifford, S. R.: Evaluation of Ocular Angiospasm , Arch. Ophth. 31:453 ( (June) ) 1944.Crossref 154. Cordes, F. C.: Am. J. Ophth. 27:803 ( (Aug.) ) 1944. 155. Bothman, L.: The 1944 Year Book of the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat , Chicago, The Year Book Publishers, Inc., 1944, p. 149. 156. Duke-Elder,132 1938, vol. 2, pp. 2044-2069. 157. Friedenwald, J. S.: The Pathology of the Eye , New York, The Macmillan Company, 1929, pp. 67-69. 158. Purtscher, E.: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 94:12 ( (Jan.) ); 141 (Feb.) 1938. 159. Duggan, W. F.: Role of Anoxia in the Production of Episcleritis and Scleritis , Arch. Ophth. 25:113 ( (Jan.) ) 1941.Crossref 160. Daniel, R. K.: Allergy and Cataracts , J. A. M. A. 105:481 ( (Aug. 17) ) 1935.Crossref 161. Nedzel, A. J.: Vascular Spasm: Experimental Studies , Illinois Medical and Dental Monographs, Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1943, vol. 3, nos. 3-4. 162. ARS phase is a term used to denote the predominance of anabolism. reduction and vascular constriction (spasm). 163. Petersen, W. F.: The Patient and the Weather , Ann Arbor, Mich., Edwards Brothers, Inc., 1934, vol. 2, pp. 350-487. 164. Petersen, W. F.: Weather and Ocular Pathophysiology , Arch. Ophth. 29:747 ( (May) ) 1943.Crossref 165. Mills, C.: Medical Climatology , Springfield, Ill., Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1939. 166. Pickworth, F. A.: Brit. M. J. 1:265 ( (Feb. 5) ) 1938.Crossref 167. Petersen,150 p. 11. 168. Poncher, H. G.: Purpura as a Symptom in Pediatric Practice , J. A. M. A. 104:1690 ( (May 11) ) 1935.Crossref 169. Minz, B.: Presse méd. 76:1406 ( (Sept. 21) ) 1938. 170. Spies, T. D.; Bean, W. B., and Stone, R. E.: The Treatment of Subclinical and Classic Pellegra , J. A. M. A. 111:584 ( (Aug. 13) ) 1938.Crossref 171. Reynolds, S. M.: Science 87:537 ( (June 10) ) 1938.Crossref 172. Code, C. F.: J. Physiol. 90:349 ( (Aug.) ) 1937. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

VASCULAR BASIS OF ALLERGY OF THE EYE AND ITS ADNEXA

Archives of Ophthalmology , Volume 36 (5) – Nov 1, 1946

Loading next page...
 
/lp/american-medical-association/vascular-basis-of-allergy-of-the-eye-and-its-adnexa-cMAVXKuku2
Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1946 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1946.00890210561004
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract ALLERGY of the eye is, of necessity, a subdivision of allergy of the body as a whole. It is also a subdivision of hypersensitivity. Clinically, urticaria, asthma and iritis or any other allergic lesion of the eye are very different; basically, they must have the same pathologic physiology. The clinical symptoms, signs and pathologic manifestations of allergy depend on the structure of the tissue which is the seat of the allergic reaction. In 1935 Woods1 presented his monograph on the place of allergy and immunity in ophthalmology. This work deals with experimental studies in general ocular immunology; the relationship of allergy to focal infection, vernal conjunctivitis, trachoma, syphilis and tuberculosis; the antigenic properties and reactions of lens protein and uveal pigment, and the use of nonspecific proteins, autoserums, vaccines and specific serums in therapy. Woods's monograph is an excellent introduction to allergy of the eye from the viewpoint of References 1. Woods, A. C.: Allergy and Immunity in Ophthalmology , Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press, 1935. 2. Appelbaum, A.: Allergic Phenomena in Ophthalmology , Arch. Ophth. 24: 803 ( (Oct.) ) 1940.Crossref 3. Bab, W.: Am. J. Ophth. 24:759 ( (July) ) 1941. 4. Boyd, W.: A Textbook of Pathology , ed. 2, Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1935. 5. Bothman, L.: The 1941 Year Book of the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat , Chicago, The Year Book Publishers, Inc., 1941, pp. 7-58. 6. Lemoine, A. N.: Allergies in Ophthalmology , Arch. Ophth. 28:79 ( (July) ) 1942.Crossref 7. Muncaster, S. B., and Allen, H. E.: Bilateral Uveitis and Retinal Periarteritis as a Focal Reaction to the Tuberculin Test , Arch. Ophth. 21:509 ( (March) ) 1939.Crossref 8. Lockhart, R. J.: Brit. J. Dermat. 51:318 ( (July) ) 1939.Crossref 9. Horder: Brit. M. J. 1:632 ( (March 25) ) 1935.Crossref 10. Lecoq, R., and Vignal, O.: Presse méd. 48:331-332 ( (March 27) ) 1940. 11. Gajdos, A.: Presse méd. 46:509 ( (April 2) ) 1938. 12. Albus, G.: Ztschr. f. d. ges. exper. Med. 108:592 ( (March 3) ) 1941.Crossref 13. Tooke, F. I., and Nicholls, J.: Am. J. Ophth. 21:395 ( (April) ) 1938. 14. Ricker, G.: Sklerose und Hypertonie der innervierten Arterien , Berlin, Julius Springer, 1927. 15. Seegal, D., and Seegal, B. C., in Gay, F. P.: Agents of Disease and Host Resistance , Springfield, Ill., Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1935, pp. 79-112. 16. Seegal, B. C., in Gay, F. P.: Agents of Disease and Host Resistance , Springfield, Ill., Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1935, pp. 36-78. 17. Topley, W. W. C.: An Outline of Immunity , Baltimore, William Wood & Company, 1933, pp. 192-223. 18. Findlay, G. M.: J. Path. & Bact. 31:633 ( (Oct.) ) 1928. 19. Topley,17 pages 248-249. 20. Sollmann, T.: A Manual of Pharmacology , ed. 2, Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Co., 1922, p. 446. 21. Evans, C. L.: Recent Advances in Physiology , ed. 4, Philadelphia, P. Blakiston's Son & Co., 1930. 22. Landis, E. M.: Physiol. Rev. 14:404 ( (July) ) 1934. 23. Dale, H. H., and Laidlaw, P. P.: Histamine Shock , J. Physiol. 52:355, 1918-1919. 24. Dale, H. H.: Lancet 1:1179 ( (June 8) ); 1233 (June 15); 1285 (June 22) 1929. 25. Best, C. H., and McHenry, E. W.: Physiol. Rev. 11:371 ( (Oct.) ) 1931. 26. Moon, V.: Shock and Related Capillary Phenomena , New York, Oxford University Press, 1938. 27. Dale, H. H., and Laidlaw, P. P.: J. Physiol. 41:318, 1910-1911 28. 43:182, 1911-1912. 29. Cohen, A. E., and Waterstone, M. L.: J. Allergy 11:393 ( (May) ) 1940. 30. Corelli, F.: Policlinico (sez med.) 44:491 ( (Oct. 1) ) 1937. 31. Pickering, G. W., and Hess, W.: Brit. M. J. 2:1097 ( (Dec. 17) ) 1932. 32. Maijala, P.: Nord. med. tidskr. 16:1287 ( (Aug. 13) ) 1938. 33. Peters, J. P. and Van Slyke, D. D.: Quantitative Clinical Chemistry , Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins Company, 1931, vol. 1, p. 398. 34. Urbach, E.; Herrman, M. F., and Gottlieb, E. M.: Cold Allergy and Cold Pathergy , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 43:366 ( (Feb.) ) 1941. 35. Harkavy, J.: Vascular Allergy , Arch. Int. Med. 67:709 ( (April) ) 1941. 36. Benedict, W. L.: Retrobulbar Neuritis and Disease of the Nasal Accessory Sinuses , Arch. Ophth. 9:893 ( (June) ) 1933. 37. Schmidt, K.: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 93:191 ( (July) ) 1934 38. abstracted, Arch. Ophth. 13:887 ( (May) ) 1935. 39. Charlin, C. C.: Arch. de oftal. de Buenos Aires 11:251 ( (May) ) 1936. 40. Lagrange, H., and Goulesque, J.: Ann. d'ocul. 175:493 ( (July) ) 1938. 41. Evans, J. J.: Birmingham M. Rev. 83:1 ( (Jan.-Feb.) ) 1918. 42. Evans, J. J.: Birmingham M. Rev. 8:252 ( (Dec.) ) 1933. 43. Reimann, H. A., and Havens, W. P.: Focal Infection and Systemic Disease: A Critical Appraisal , J. A. M. A. 114:1 ( (Jan. 6) ) 1940. 44. Irons, E. E.: Bull. New York Acad. Med. 7:412 ( (June) ) 1931. 45. Sedan, J., and Koutseff, A.: Ocular Allergy: New Observations , Arch. Ophth. 22:924 ( (Nov.) ) 1939. 46. Brown, A. L.: Am. J. Ophth. 8:614 ( (Aug.) ) 1925. 47. Theodore, F. H., and Lewson, A. C.: Bilateral Iritis Complicating Serum Sickness , Arch. Ophth. 21:828 ( (May) ) 1939. 48. Hildebrandt, F.: The Pharmacology of Short Waves , J. A. M. A. 112: 1274 ( (April 1) ) 1939. 49. Warren, S. L.; Carpenter, C. M., and Boak, R. A.: J. Exper. Med. 71: 155 ( (Feb.) ) 1940. 50. Ebaugh, F. G.; Barnacle, C. H., and Ewalt, J. R.: Psychiatric Aspects of Artificial Fever Therapy , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 39:1203 ( (June) ) 1938. 51. Watt, J. C.: Brit. M. J. 1:896 ( (May 20) ) 1933. 52. Davidson, G. M.: Am. J. Psychiat. 91:41 ( (July) ) 1934. 53. Shulack, N. R.: Psychiatric Quart. 12:282 ( (April) ) 1938. 54. Sudden "Exhaustive" Death in Excited Patients , editorial, Brit. M. J. 2:751 ( (Oct. 8) ) 1938.Crossref 55. Collins, R. T.: Bull. Neurol. Inst. New York 7:291 ( (Dec.) ) 1938. 56. Horder: Brit. M. J. 1:859 ( (May 20) ) 1933.Crossref 57. Knapp, A.: Arch. Ophth. 50:556, 1921. 58. Gifford, S. R.: The Pathogenesis of Glaucoma , Arch. Ophth. 3:88 ( (Jan.) ) 1930.Crossref 59. Goldenburg, M.: Am. J. Ophth. 14:944 ( (Sept.) ) 1931. 60. Goldenburg, M.: Am. J. Ophth. 11:290 ( (April) ) 1928. 61. Friedenwald, J. S.: The Pathogenesis of Acute Glaucoma: I. Clinical and Pathologic Study , Arch. Ophth. 3:560 ( (May) ) 1930.Crossref 62. Friedenwald, J. S., and Pierce, H. F.: The Pathogenesis of Acute Glaucoma: II. Experimental Study , Arch. Ophth. 3:574 ( (May) ) 1930.Crossref 63. Duke-Elder, W. S.: Brit. M. J. 1:879 ( (May 20) ) 1933.Crossref 64. Evans, J. J., and Evans, P. J.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 54:527, 1934. 65. Evans, P. J.: Brit. J. Ophth. 23:745 ( (Dec.) ) 1939.Crossref 66. Weinstein, P.: Brit. M. J. 1:436 ( (March 4) ) 1939.Crossref 67. Brückner, A.: Physiologic and Clinical Ophthalmologic Problems in Relation to Individual Variability , Arch. Ophth. 20:912 ( (Dec.) ) 1938. 68. Horton, B. T.; Brown, G. E., and Roth, G. M.: Hypersensitiveness to Cold , J. A. M. A. 107:1263 ( (Oct. 17) ) 1936.Crossref 69. Luedde, W. H.: Am. J. Ophth. 23:388 ( (April) ) 1940. 70. Kirwan, E. W. O'G.: Primary Glaucoma—A Symptom of Epidemic Dropsy , Arch. Ophth. 12:1 ( (July) ) 1934.Crossref 71. Kirwan, E. W. O'G., and Mukerjee, S. N.: Brit. J. Ophth. 22:329 ( (June) ) 1938.Crossref 72. Ridley, F.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 58:590, 1938. 73. Kraupa, E.: Arch. f. Augenh. 109:416 ( (Dec.) ) 1935. 74. Weekers, L., and Barac, G.: Arch. d'opht. 1:193 ( (March) ) 1937. 75. Schroeder, H.: New Orleans M. & S. J. 87:671 ( (April) ) 1935. 76. Schoenberg, M.: Brit. J. Ophth. 22:417 ( (July) ) 1938. 77. Schoenberg, M. J.: Role of States of Anxiety in the Pathogenesis of Primary Glaucoma , Arch. Ophth. 23:76 ( (Jan.) ) 1940. 78. Josephson, E. M.: Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat Monthly 13:453 ( (Jan.) ) 1935. 79. Woods, A. C.: The Use of an Extract of Adrenal Cortex in Glaucoma , Arch. Ophth. 14:937 ( (Dec.) ) 1935. 80. Paul, T. M.: Urol. & Cut. Rev. 38:207 ( (March) ) 1934. 81. Miller, E. A.: Am. J. Ophth. 22:536 ( (May) ) 1939. 82. Clarke, S. T.: Am. J. Ophth. 22:249 ( (March) ) 1939. 83. Rabinowitch, M. G.: Sovet. vestnik oftal. 7:181, 1935 84. abstracted, Arch. Ophth. 15:936 ( (May) ) 1936. 85. Drinker and Bronfenner, cited by Seegal.16 86. Meyer, A., and Cook, L. C.: J. Ment. Sc. 83:258 ( (May) ) 1937. 87. Moore, R. F.: Medical Ophthalmology , ed. 2, London, J. & A. Churchill, 1925. 88. Paton, L.: Brit. J. Ophth. 10:305 ( (June) ) 1926. 89. Kahoun, S.: Ceskoslov. oftal. 3:109, 1937 90. abstracted, Am. J. Ophth. 21:458 ( (April) ) 1938. 91. Kennedy, F.: New York State J. Med. 36:469 ( (April 1) ) 1936. 92. Oppenheim, H.: Diseases of the Nervous System , translated by E. E. Mayer from the second German edition, Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1900. 93. Kennedy, F.; Wortis, S. B., and Wortis, H.: New York State J. Med. 38:1441 ( (Nov. 15) ) 1938. 94. Agatston, S. A.: M. J. & Rec. 138:41 ( (July 19) ) 1933. 95. Kyrieleis, W.: "Peristatic" Conditions Associated with Incomplete Occlusion of the Central Artery , Arch. Ophth. 23:447 ( (Feb.) ) 1940. 96. Marucci, L.: Ann. di ottal. e clin. ocul. 64:671 ( (Oct.) ) 1936. 97. Geserick, H.: Arch. f. Ophth. 138:647, 1938 98. abstracted, Am. J. Ophth. 21:1061 ( (Sept.) ) 1938. 99. Bender, M. B.: Am. J. Ophth. 18:148 ( (Feb.) ) 1935. 100. Toth, Z., and Meszaros, K.: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 91:815 ( (Dec.) ) 1933. 101. Bride, T. M.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 57:346, 1937. 102. de Rötth, A.: Bilateral Detachment of the Retina , Arch. Ophth. 22:809 ( (Nov.) ) 1939.Crossref 103. Minton, J.: Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 30:285 ( (Jan.) ) 1937 104. abstracted, Arch. Ophth. 17:565 ( (March) ) 1937. 105. Orr, H. C., and Young, J. H.: Brit. M. J. 1:1119 ( (June 1) ) 1935.Crossref 106. Tortella, L. P.: Arch. de oftal. hispano-am. 34:544 ( (Oct.) ) 1934. 107. Cormack, H. S., and Anderson, L. A. P.: Brit. J. Ophth. 18:167 ( (March) ) 1934.Crossref 108. Hasabe: Acta Soc. ophth. jap. 38:102 ( (July) ) 1934. 109. Suzuki: Acta Soc. ophth. jap. (July) 39:219, 1936. 110. Shannon, C. E. G.: Bitemporal Paracentral Scotoma , Arch. Ophth. 6:544 ( (October) ) 1931.Crossref 111. Bucy, P. C.: Toxic Optic Neuritis Resulting from Sulfanilamide , J. A. M. A. 109:1007 ( (Sept. 25) ) 1937.Crossref 112. Kahoun, S.: Ceskoslov. oftal. 3:122, 1937 113. abstracted, Am. J. Ophth. 21:340 ( (March) ) 1938. 114. Duggan, W. F.: Use of Vasodilators in Treatment of Retrobulbar Neuritis , Arch. Ophth. 16:380 ( (Sept.) ) 1936.Crossref 115. Knapp, A.: Medical Ophthalmology , Philadelphia, P. Blakiston's Son & Co., 1918, pp. 407-409. 116. Bedell, A.: New York State J. Med. 33:361 ( (March 15) ) 1933. 117. Campbell, E. H.: Relationship of Sinusitis to Optic and Retrobulbar 118. Hoople, G. D.: New York State J. Med. 33:365 ( (March 15) ) 1933. 119. Carroll, F. D.: Retrobulbar Neuritis: Observations on One Hundred Cases , Arch. Ophth. 24:44 ( (July) ) 1940.Crossref 120. Traquair, H. M.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 50:351, 1930. 121. Cross, R.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 33:43, 1913. 122. Sourdille C.: Clin. ophth. 6:280, 1900 123. abstracted, Arch. Ophth. 30:191, 1901. 124. Schieck, F.: Arch. f. Ophth. 71:466, 1909. 125. Aubaret, E., and Sédan, L.: Clin. opht. 17:255, 1928. 126. Snell, A.: New York State J. Med. 33:370 ( (March 15) ) 1933. 127. Bedell, A.: New York State J. Med. 36:959 ( (July 1) ) 1936. 128. de Saint-Martin: Ann. d'ocul. 168:102 ( (Feb.) ) 1931. 129. Hartmann, E., and Parfonry, J.: Bull. Soc. d'opht. de Paris , (February) 1934, p. 56. 130. Duggan, W. F.: Acute Retrobulbar Neuritis as a Manifestation of Acute Localized Tissue Anoxia , Arch. Ophth. 25:299 ( (Feb.) ) 1941.Crossref 131. Edwards, D. L.: J. Oklahoma M. A. 34:201 ( (May) ) 1941. 132. Ravin, L. C.: Am. J. Ophth. 26:188 ( (Feb.) ) 1943. 133. Cordes, F. C.: Am. J. Ophth. 26:916 ( (Sept.) ) 1943. 134. Kronfeld, P.: Introduction to Ophthalmology , Springfield, Ill., Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1938. 135. Davids, H.: Nodule Formation in the Eye , Arch. Ophth. 23:432 ( (Feb.) ) 1940. 136. Marchesani, O.: Rheumatic Uveitis , Arch. Ophth. 23:431 ( (Feb.) ) 1940. 137. Spadavecchia, V.: Ann. di ottal. e clin. ocul. 66:241 ( (April) ) 1938. 138. Duggan, W. F.: Vascular Basis of Uveal Disease , Arch. Ophth. 24:1123 ( (Dec.) ) 1940.Crossref 139. Arkhangelskiy, V. N.: Sovet. vestnik oftal. 8:10, 1936 140. abstracted, Arch. Ophth. 16:712 ( (Oct.) ) 1936. 141. Heath, C.: Brit. J. Ophth. 23:289 ( (May) ) 1939.Crossref 142. Duggan, W. F.: Acute Exudative Choroiditis , Arch. Ophth. 23:930 ( (May) ) 1940.Crossref 143. Duke-Elder, W. S.: Textbook of Ophthalmology , St. Louis, C. V. Mosby Company, 1941, vol. 3, pp. 2592-2594. 144. Cattaneo, D.: Ann. di ottal. e clin. ocul. 65:721 ( (Oct.) ) 1937. 145. Walsh, F. B., and Sloan, L. L.: Am. J. Ophth. 19:195 ( (March) ) 1936. 146. Verhoeff, F. H., and Grossman, H. P.: Pathogenesis of Disciform Degeneration of the Macula , Arch. Ophth. 18:561 ( (Oct.) ) 1937.Crossref 147. Verhoeff, F. H., and Grossman, H. P.: Pathogenesis of Disciform Degeneration of the Macula , Arch. Ophth. 19:467 ( (March) ) 1938.Crossref 148. Duggan, W. F.: Choroidosis Centralis Serosa , Arch. Ophth. 27:123 ( (Jan.) ) 1942.Crossref 149. Horniker, E.: Ann. di ottal. e clin. ocul. 55:55, 1927 150. Arch. f. Ophth. 123:286, 1929 151. Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 98:487, 1937. 152. Gifford, S. R., and Marquardt, G.: Central Angiospastic Retinopathy , Arch. Ophth. 21:211 ( (Feb.) ) 1939.Crossref 153. Gifford, S. R.: Evaluation of Ocular Angiospasm , Arch. Ophth. 31:453 ( (June) ) 1944.Crossref 154. Cordes, F. C.: Am. J. Ophth. 27:803 ( (Aug.) ) 1944. 155. Bothman, L.: The 1944 Year Book of the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat , Chicago, The Year Book Publishers, Inc., 1944, p. 149. 156. Duke-Elder,132 1938, vol. 2, pp. 2044-2069. 157. Friedenwald, J. S.: The Pathology of the Eye , New York, The Macmillan Company, 1929, pp. 67-69. 158. Purtscher, E.: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 94:12 ( (Jan.) ); 141 (Feb.) 1938. 159. Duggan, W. F.: Role of Anoxia in the Production of Episcleritis and Scleritis , Arch. Ophth. 25:113 ( (Jan.) ) 1941.Crossref 160. Daniel, R. K.: Allergy and Cataracts , J. A. M. A. 105:481 ( (Aug. 17) ) 1935.Crossref 161. Nedzel, A. J.: Vascular Spasm: Experimental Studies , Illinois Medical and Dental Monographs, Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1943, vol. 3, nos. 3-4. 162. ARS phase is a term used to denote the predominance of anabolism. reduction and vascular constriction (spasm). 163. Petersen, W. F.: The Patient and the Weather , Ann Arbor, Mich., Edwards Brothers, Inc., 1934, vol. 2, pp. 350-487. 164. Petersen, W. F.: Weather and Ocular Pathophysiology , Arch. Ophth. 29:747 ( (May) ) 1943.Crossref 165. Mills, C.: Medical Climatology , Springfield, Ill., Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1939. 166. Pickworth, F. A.: Brit. M. J. 1:265 ( (Feb. 5) ) 1938.Crossref 167. Petersen,150 p. 11. 168. Poncher, H. G.: Purpura as a Symptom in Pediatric Practice , J. A. M. A. 104:1690 ( (May 11) ) 1935.Crossref 169. Minz, B.: Presse méd. 76:1406 ( (Sept. 21) ) 1938. 170. Spies, T. D.; Bean, W. B., and Stone, R. E.: The Treatment of Subclinical and Classic Pellegra , J. A. M. A. 111:584 ( (Aug. 13) ) 1938.Crossref 171. Reynolds, S. M.: Science 87:537 ( (June 10) ) 1938.Crossref 172. Code, C. F.: J. Physiol. 90:349 ( (Aug.) ) 1937.

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Nov 1, 1946

References