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Varied Attitudes to Community Mental Health

Varied Attitudes to Community Mental Health Abstract TO the objective observer of the mental health scene, one of its more prominent characteristics is the ever-changing terminology which is used to describe our programs and facilities. In reflecting, for example, upon the name of inpatient facilities over the past century, it is striking how we have moved from such appellations as insane asylum, retreat, psychopathic hospital, and mental hospital to the current term of community mental health center. This newest term is undoubtedly the most voguish at the present time, and in its more general sense has become the subject of considerable controversy regarding whether the change represents positive progress or is merely euphemistic in nature. Community mental health's meaning, history, and characteristics are beclouded with the ambiguity created by such factors as varied conceptual theories, social desirability, bandwagon effects, funding opportunities, and issues of professional domain. From the References 1. Rossi, A.M.: Some Pre-World War II Antecedents of Community Mental Health Theory and Practice , Ment Hyg 46:78-94, 1962. 2. Caplan, G., and Caplan, R.: " Development of Community Psychiatry Concepts in the United States ," in Freedman, A.M., and Kaplan, H.I. (eds.): Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry , Baltimore: The Williams & Wilkins Company, 1967. 3. Bellak, L. (ed.): Community Psychiatry and Community Mental Health , New York: Grune and Stratton Inc., 1964. 4. Hobbs, N.: Mental Health's Third Revolution , Amer J Orthopsychiat 34:822-833, 1964.Crossref 5. Dunham, W.: Community Psychiatry: The Newest Therapeutic Bandwagon , Arch Gen Psychiat 12:303-313, 1965.Crossref 6. Whittington, H.G.: The Third Psychiatric Revolution—Really? Comm Ment Health J 1:73-80, 1965.Crossref 7. Goldston, S. (ed.): Concepts of Community Psychiatry , Bethesda, Md: Public Health Service Publication No. 1319, 1965. 8. Srole, L.: Social Psychiatry: A Case of the Babel Syndrome, read at meeting of American Psychopathological Association, February 1967, New York. 9. Baker, F., and Schulberg, H.C.: The Development of a Community Mental Health Ideology Scale, Comm Ment Health J, to be published. 10. Osgood, C.E.; Suci, G.J.; and Tannenbaum, P.H.: The Measurement of Meaning , Urbana, Ill: University of Illinois Press, 1957. 11. De Sole, D.E.; Singer, P.; and Roseman, J.: Community Psychiatry and the Syndrome of Psychiatric Culture Shock: The Emergence of a New Functional Disorder, Soc Sci Med, to be published. 12. Glasscote, R., et al: The Community Mental Health Center: An Analysis of Existing Models , Washington: Joint Information Service, 1964. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of General Psychiatry American Medical Association

Varied Attitudes to Community Mental Health

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1967 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-990X
eISSN
1598-3636
DOI
10.1001/archpsyc.1967.01730300018004
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract TO the objective observer of the mental health scene, one of its more prominent characteristics is the ever-changing terminology which is used to describe our programs and facilities. In reflecting, for example, upon the name of inpatient facilities over the past century, it is striking how we have moved from such appellations as insane asylum, retreat, psychopathic hospital, and mental hospital to the current term of community mental health center. This newest term is undoubtedly the most voguish at the present time, and in its more general sense has become the subject of considerable controversy regarding whether the change represents positive progress or is merely euphemistic in nature. Community mental health's meaning, history, and characteristics are beclouded with the ambiguity created by such factors as varied conceptual theories, social desirability, bandwagon effects, funding opportunities, and issues of professional domain. From the References 1. Rossi, A.M.: Some Pre-World War II Antecedents of Community Mental Health Theory and Practice , Ment Hyg 46:78-94, 1962. 2. Caplan, G., and Caplan, R.: " Development of Community Psychiatry Concepts in the United States ," in Freedman, A.M., and Kaplan, H.I. (eds.): Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry , Baltimore: The Williams & Wilkins Company, 1967. 3. Bellak, L. (ed.): Community Psychiatry and Community Mental Health , New York: Grune and Stratton Inc., 1964. 4. Hobbs, N.: Mental Health's Third Revolution , Amer J Orthopsychiat 34:822-833, 1964.Crossref 5. Dunham, W.: Community Psychiatry: The Newest Therapeutic Bandwagon , Arch Gen Psychiat 12:303-313, 1965.Crossref 6. Whittington, H.G.: The Third Psychiatric Revolution—Really? Comm Ment Health J 1:73-80, 1965.Crossref 7. Goldston, S. (ed.): Concepts of Community Psychiatry , Bethesda, Md: Public Health Service Publication No. 1319, 1965. 8. Srole, L.: Social Psychiatry: A Case of the Babel Syndrome, read at meeting of American Psychopathological Association, February 1967, New York. 9. Baker, F., and Schulberg, H.C.: The Development of a Community Mental Health Ideology Scale, Comm Ment Health J, to be published. 10. Osgood, C.E.; Suci, G.J.; and Tannenbaum, P.H.: The Measurement of Meaning , Urbana, Ill: University of Illinois Press, 1957. 11. De Sole, D.E.; Singer, P.; and Roseman, J.: Community Psychiatry and the Syndrome of Psychiatric Culture Shock: The Emergence of a New Functional Disorder, Soc Sci Med, to be published. 12. Glasscote, R., et al: The Community Mental Health Center: An Analysis of Existing Models , Washington: Joint Information Service, 1964.

Journal

Archives of General PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Dec 1, 1967

References