Abstract UVEITIS in children, though relatively uncommon, may be a very distressing problem. The literature on the subject is scant and for the most part incidental to reports concerned with toxoplasmosis,* sarcoidosis,6 or juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (Still's disease).† The only series of children with uveitis was reported by Thomson13 (1928), whose 10 cases had in common a chronic course, uveal tract disturbance without visible fundus change or iritis, and unilateral involvement; apparently the etiology was unknown. Ravin14 (1944) described a case of iritis following measles in a 3-year-old girl; Hallett15 reported a case of iridocyclitis coincident with chickenpox in a 7-year-old boy, and Wilder16 (1950) reported the finding of nematode larvae in the granulomatous lesions of a series of eyes enucleated from children. The purpose of the present study was to analyze all the cases of childhood uveitis seen in connection with the uveitis survey being References 1. References 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5. 2. References 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12. 3. References 25, 26, and 27. 4. Wolf, A.; Cowen, D., and Paige, B. H.: Human Toxoplasmosis: Occurrence in Infants as in Encephalomyelitis; Verification by Transmission to Animals , Science 89:226-227, 1939.Crossref 5. Sabin, A. B.: Toxoplasmic Encephalitis in Children , J. A. M. A. 116:801-807, 1941.Crossref 6. Cowen, D.; Wolf, A., and Paige, B. H.: Toxoplasmic Encephalitis: Clinical Diagnosis of Infantile Congenital Toxoplasmosis; Survival Beyond Infancy , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 48:689-739, 1942. 7. Hogan, M. J.: Toxoplasmic Chorioretinitis , Tr. Pacific Coast Oto-Ophth. Soc. 28:83-102, 1947. 8. Hogan, M. J.: Ocular Toxoplasmosis , New York, Columbia University Press, 1951. 9. Thornhill, P. S., and Thornhill, E. H.: Boeck's Sarcoid with Nodular Iritis in a Child , Am. J. Dis. Child. 64:262-269, 1942. 10. Wong, R.: Band-Shaped Opacity of the Cornea Associated with Juvenile Atrophic Arthritis: Report of a Case , Arch. Ophth. 26:21-24, 1941. 11. Kurnick, N.: A Rare Syndrome of Band-Shaped Keratitis and Arthritis , Am. J. Dis. Child. 63:742-747, 1942. 12. Franceschetti, A., and Bamatter, F.: Ocular Changes in Chronic Polyarthritis (Still's disease) , Ann. Pediat. 164:60-65, 1945. 13. Goulden, C.: Ocular Defects of Still's Disease , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 42:755-762, 1949. 14. Vesterdal, E., and Sury, B.: Iridocyclitis and Band-Shaped Corneal Opacity in Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis , Acta ophth. 28:321-337, 1950. 15. Wagner, F.: Zonular Degeneration of the Cornea and Iritis as a Symptom of a Special form of Arthritic Rheumatism in Children (Still's disease) , Klin. Monatsbl. Augenh. 117:161-168, 1950. 16. Thomson, E.: Unilateral Chronic Anterior Uveitis in Children: A Clinical Note , Brit. J. Ophth. 12:189-196, 1928. 17. Ravin, L. C.: Bilateral Metastatic Uveitis Ending in Phthisis Bulbi as a Complication of Measles , Arch. Ophth. 32:301, 1944. 18. Hallett, J. W.: Report of a Case of Iridocyclitis Associated with Chickenpox , Am. J. Ophth. 29:459-460, 1946. 19. Wilder, H. C.: Nematode Endophthalmitis , Tr. Am. Acad. Ophth. 55:99-109, 1950. 20. Blegvad, O.: Iridocyclitis and Disease of the Joints in Children , Acta ophth. 19:219-236, 1941. 21. Oblath, R. W., and Farber, S. M.: Sarcoidosis , Dis. Chest 18:198-212, 1950. 22. Woods, A. C., and Guyton, J. S.: The role of Sarcoid and of Brucellosis in Uveitis , Arch. Opth. 31:469-480, 1944. 23. Reinhardt, W. O., and Li, C. H.: Experimental Production of Arthritis in Rats by Hypophyseal Growth Hormone , Science 117:295-297, 1953. 24. Sabin, A. B., and Feldman, H. A.: Chorioretinopathy Associated with Other Evidence of Cerebral Damage in Childhood , J. Pediat. 35:296-309, 1949. 25. Granström, K. O., and Magnusson, J. H.: Toxoplasmic Chorioretinitis with Modifications of the Macula: Cause of Strabismus in Infants , Arch. franç. pediat. 6:325-330, 1949. 26. Rudolph, C. J.: Eye Findings in Rheumatic Fever , Am. J. Ophth. 28:319-321, 1945. 27. Theil, R.: Etiology and Treatment of Uveitis, Presented at the Congress of the Egyptian Ophthalmological Society, Feb., 1953. 28. Fritz, M. H.; Thygeson, P., and Durham, D. G.: Phlyctenular Keratoconjunctivitis Among Alaskan Natives , Am. J. Ophth. 34:177, 1951. 29. Thygeson, P., and Fritz, M. H.: Cortisone in the Treatment of Phlyctenular Keratoconjunctivitis , Am. J. Ophth. 34:357, 1951. 30. Thygeson, P.: Etiology and Treatment of Phlyctenular Keratoconjunctivitis , Am. J. Ophth. 34:1217, 1951.
A.M.A. Archives of Ophthalmology – American Medical Association
Published: Jan 1, 1954
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