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Use of Seating Devices in Infants Too Young to Sit

Use of Seating Devices in Infants Too Young to Sit Abstract Objectives: To determine how frequently seating devices are available in homes with small infants and how often they are used for infants who are too young to sit erect and unsupported. Design: Observational study using a questionnaire administered to a cohort of parents of well infants younger than 5 months. Setting: Well-Baby Clinic, Department of Pediatrics, Tripler Army Medical Center, a tertiary care center serving the population of military dependents on the island of Oahu, Hawaii. Results: Infant seating devices were available in the homes of all of the infants whose parents completed the questionnaire during the study. Of 187 infants, 176 (94%) spent 30 minutes or longer in seating devices each day. The mean (tSD) time spent each day in seating devices was 5.7±3.5 hours and ranged from 0 to 16 hours. Conclusions: Seating devices were widely available for use in the care of the infants. Car seats that double as infant carriers and infant seats likely are being used extensively outside of automobiles. Prolonged use of infant seating devices with infants who are too young to sit unsupported may have several potential adverse consequences.Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1997;151:233-235 References 1. Lozoff B, Brittenham G. Infant care: cache or carry . J Pediatr . 1979;95:478-483.Crossref 2. Rieder MJ, Schwatrz C, Newman J. Patterns of walker use and walker injury . Pediatrics . 1986;78:488-493. 3. Fazen LE, Felizberto PI. Baby walker injuries . Pediatr . 1982;70:106-109. 4. Gelles E. Nursery Furniture . London, England: Constable and Co Ltd; 1991: 50-57. 5. O'Hara G. The World of the Baby: A Celebration of Infancy Through the Ages . New York, NY: Doubleday & Co Inc; 1989:175-187. 6. Jones S. Good Things for Babies . 2nd ed. Boston, Mass: Houghton Mifflin Co; 1980:44. 7. Jones S, Frietag W. Consumer Reports Books: Guide to Baby Products . Yonkers, NY: Consumer Reports Books; 1991:194. 8. Leads from the MMWR: state legislation concerning use of safety belts—United States 1985 . JAMA . 1985:254:1290,1295.Crossref 9. From the Centers for Disease Control: Child passenger restraint use and motor vehicle-related fatalities among children—United States 1982-1990 . JAMA . 1991;266:1913.Crossref 10. Orenstein SR, Whittington PF, Orenstein DM: The infant seat as treatment for gastroesophageal reflux . N Engl J Med . 1983;309:760-763.Crossref 11. Spitzer AR, Boyle JT, Tuchhman DN, Fox WW. Awake apnea associated with gastroesophageal reflux: a specific clinical syndrome . J Pediatr . 1984;104: 200-205.Crossref 12. Carlo WA, Beoglos A, Siner BS, Martin RJ. Neck and body position effects on pulmonary mechanics in infants . Pediatrics . 1989;84:670-674. 13. Willett LD, Leuschen P, Nelson LS, Nelson RM. Ventilatory changes in convalescent infants positioned in car seats . J Pediatr . 1989;115:451-455.Crossref 14. Bass JL, Mehta KA, Camara J. Monitoring premature infants in car seats: implementing the American Academy of Pediatrics policy in a community hospital . Pediatrics . 1993;91:1137-1141. 15. Bass JL, Mehta KA. Oxygen desaturation of selected term infants in car seats . Pediatrics . 1995;96:288-290. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine American Medical Association

Use of Seating Devices in Infants Too Young to Sit

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1997 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
1072-4710
eISSN
1538-3628
DOI
10.1001/archpedi.1997.02170400019004
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Objectives: To determine how frequently seating devices are available in homes with small infants and how often they are used for infants who are too young to sit erect and unsupported. Design: Observational study using a questionnaire administered to a cohort of parents of well infants younger than 5 months. Setting: Well-Baby Clinic, Department of Pediatrics, Tripler Army Medical Center, a tertiary care center serving the population of military dependents on the island of Oahu, Hawaii. Results: Infant seating devices were available in the homes of all of the infants whose parents completed the questionnaire during the study. Of 187 infants, 176 (94%) spent 30 minutes or longer in seating devices each day. The mean (tSD) time spent each day in seating devices was 5.7±3.5 hours and ranged from 0 to 16 hours. Conclusions: Seating devices were widely available for use in the care of the infants. Car seats that double as infant carriers and infant seats likely are being used extensively outside of automobiles. Prolonged use of infant seating devices with infants who are too young to sit unsupported may have several potential adverse consequences.Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1997;151:233-235 References 1. Lozoff B, Brittenham G. Infant care: cache or carry . J Pediatr . 1979;95:478-483.Crossref 2. Rieder MJ, Schwatrz C, Newman J. Patterns of walker use and walker injury . Pediatrics . 1986;78:488-493. 3. Fazen LE, Felizberto PI. Baby walker injuries . Pediatr . 1982;70:106-109. 4. Gelles E. Nursery Furniture . London, England: Constable and Co Ltd; 1991: 50-57. 5. O'Hara G. The World of the Baby: A Celebration of Infancy Through the Ages . New York, NY: Doubleday & Co Inc; 1989:175-187. 6. Jones S. Good Things for Babies . 2nd ed. Boston, Mass: Houghton Mifflin Co; 1980:44. 7. Jones S, Frietag W. Consumer Reports Books: Guide to Baby Products . Yonkers, NY: Consumer Reports Books; 1991:194. 8. Leads from the MMWR: state legislation concerning use of safety belts—United States 1985 . JAMA . 1985:254:1290,1295.Crossref 9. From the Centers for Disease Control: Child passenger restraint use and motor vehicle-related fatalities among children—United States 1982-1990 . JAMA . 1991;266:1913.Crossref 10. Orenstein SR, Whittington PF, Orenstein DM: The infant seat as treatment for gastroesophageal reflux . N Engl J Med . 1983;309:760-763.Crossref 11. Spitzer AR, Boyle JT, Tuchhman DN, Fox WW. Awake apnea associated with gastroesophageal reflux: a specific clinical syndrome . J Pediatr . 1984;104: 200-205.Crossref 12. Carlo WA, Beoglos A, Siner BS, Martin RJ. Neck and body position effects on pulmonary mechanics in infants . Pediatrics . 1989;84:670-674. 13. Willett LD, Leuschen P, Nelson LS, Nelson RM. Ventilatory changes in convalescent infants positioned in car seats . J Pediatr . 1989;115:451-455.Crossref 14. Bass JL, Mehta KA, Camara J. Monitoring premature infants in car seats: implementing the American Academy of Pediatrics policy in a community hospital . Pediatrics . 1993;91:1137-1141. 15. Bass JL, Mehta KA. Oxygen desaturation of selected term infants in car seats . Pediatrics . 1995;96:288-290.

Journal

Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent MedicineAmerican Medical Association

Published: Mar 1, 1997

References