Abstract NAVAL medicine is once again faced with an influx of war-wounded. Extensive traumatic and reconstructive surgery has been necessary for the proper treatment of many of these wounded. The specific problems of bone replacement and skin coverage of the large wounds suggested that stored bone and skin would be useful in selected cases. A tissue bank was therefore established as a research project at the Naval Medical School for the purpose of developing methods of tissue procurement, processing and storage. The facilities of the Naval Medical Research Institute for the study of animals were used for experimental surgical evaluation, while the pertinent service of the Naval Hospital, Bethesda, Md., was utilized for investigation of patients. This paper is a report on the status of the research project to date. In the past six years frozen bone grafts have been proved to be of value by various investigators. Wilson1 has References 1. Wilson: Personal communication to the author. 2. LeCocq, J. F.; LeCocq, E. A., and Anderson, K. J.: Preliminary Report on Use of Bone Bank Bone , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 91:277-280, 1950. 3. Bush, L. F., and Garber, C. Z.: Bone Bank , J. A. M. A. 137:588-594 ( (June 12) ) 1948. 4. Speed, J. S., and Smith, H.: Personal communication to the author. 5. Flosdorf, E. W.: Freeze-Drying , New York, Reinhold Publishing Corporation, 1949. 6. Kreuz, F. P., and others: A Comparison of Fresh Autogenous, Frozen, and Freeze-Dried Homogenous Cortical Bone Grafts, unpublished data. 7. Brewer, E. P.: On the Limit of Skin Vitality , Med. Rec. 82:483-484, 1882. 8. Carrel, A.: The Preservation of Tissues and Its Application in Surgery , J. A. M. A. 59:523-527 ( (Aug. 17) ) 1912. 9. Hanks, J. H., and Wallace, R. E.: Relation of Oxygen and Temperature in the Preservation of Tissues by Refrigeration , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 71:196-200, 1949. 10. Mathews, D. N.: Storage of Skin for Autogenous Grafts , Lancet 248:775, 1945.
A.M.A. Archives Surgery – American Medical Association
Published: Feb 1, 1952
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