ORIGINAL ARTICLE Use and Abuse of Alcohol and Illicit Drugs in US Adolescents Results of the National Comorbidity Survey–Adolescent Supplement Joel Swendsen, PhD; Marcy Burstein, PhD; Brady Case, MD; Kevin P. Conway, PhD; Lisa Dierker, PhD; Jianping He, MS; Kathleen R. Merikangas, PhD Context: Comprehensive descriptions of substance use Results: By late adolescence, 78.2% of US adolescents had and abuse trajectories have been lacking in nationally rep- consumed alcohol, 47.1% had reached regular drinking lev- resentative samples of adolescents. els defined by at least 12 drinks within a given year, and 15.1% met criteria for lifetime abuse. The opportunity to Objective: To examine the prevalence, age at onset, and use illicit drugs was reported by 81.4% of the oldest ado- sociodemographic correlates of alcohol and illicit drug lescents, drug use by 42.5%, and drug abuse by 16.4%. The use and abuse among US adolescents. median age at onset was 14 years for alcohol abuse with or without dependence, 14 years for drug abuse with de- Design: Cross-sectional survey of adolescents using a pendence, and 15 years for drug abuse without depen- modified version of the Composite International Diag- dence. The associations observed by age, sex, and race/ nostic Interview.
JAMA Psychiatry – American Medical Association
Published: Apr 1, 2012