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TROPICAL EOSINOPHILIC ASTHMA: Report of Two Cases

TROPICAL EOSINOPHILIC ASTHMA: Report of Two Cases Abstract OF THE many diseases contracted by Americans in distant countries, tropical eosinophilic asthma seems to be the least known, as only 3 cases have been reported.1 The subject of this study is a brief description of the disease and a report of 2 additional cases in which the condition had been treated as bronchial asthma for years and in which recovery occurred a few days after specific treatment with neoarsphenamine U. S. P. DEFINITION Tropical eosinophilic asthma is a disease of tropical and semitropical regions. It is characterized by chronic bronchitis with nonseasonal nocturnal paroxysmal cough, with dyspnea, leukocytosis and high eosinophilia. This disease has been described under various names.2 We suggest the name tropical eosinophilic asthma because it emphasizes the main morbid manifestations. HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION Tropical eosinophilic asthma was first described by Weingarten2a in India in 1943. Since then it has been recognized as a References 1. Hirst, W. R., and McCann, W. J.: Tropical Eosinophilia , U. S. Nav. M. Bull. 44:1277 ( (Jan.) ) 1945. 2. Irwin, J. W.: Tropical Eosinophilia , Ann. Int. Med. 25:329 ( (Aug.) ) 1946.Crossref 3. Weingarten, R. J.: Tropical Eosinophilia , Lancet 1:103 ( (Jan. 23) ) 1943.Crossref 4. Gupta, S. P.: Eosinophilic Lung—Report of Four Cases , J. Indian M. A. 14:102 ( (Feb. 3) ) 1945. 5. Hodes, P. J., and Wood, F. C.: Eosinophilic Lung , Am. J. M. Sc. 210:288 ( (Sept.) ) 1945.Crossref 6. de Lange, C. D.; Anguillosis en het ziektebeeld van de "idiopathische Hypereosinophilie," Geneesk. tijdschr. v. Nederl.-Indië 67:673, 1928 7. van der Sar.2h 8. Viswanathan, R.: Pulmonary Eosinophilosis , Indian M. Gaz. 80:392 ( (Aug.) ) 1945. 9. Patel, N. D.: Benign Eosinophilia with Pulmonary Shadows , Indian Physician 4:93 ( (May) ) 1945. 10. Soysa, E., and Jayawardewa, M. D. S.: Pulmonary Acariasis: A Possible Cause of Asthma , Brit. M. J. 1:1 ( (Jan. 6) ) 1945.Crossref 11. van der Sar, A.: Pulmonary Acariasis: Its Relationship to Eosinophil Lung and Löffler's Syndrome , Am. Rev. Tuberc. 53:440 ( (May) ) 1946. 12. Gupta.2b 13. Hodes and Wood.2c 14. Viswanathan.2e 15. Patel.2f 16. Carter, H. F., and D'Abrera, V. St. E.: Mites (Acarina): A Probable Factor in the Aetiology of Spasmodic Bronchitis and Asthma Associated with High Eosinophilia , Tr. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. & Hyg. 39:373 ( (April) ) 1946. 17. Soysa and Jayawardewa.2g 18. Meyers, F. M., and Kouwenaar, W.: Over hypereosinophilie en over een merkwandige vorm van filariasis , Geneesk. tijdschr. v. Nederl.-Indië 79:853 ( (April 4) ) 1939 19. van der Sar.2h 20. van der Sar, A., and Hartz, H.: Syndrome, Tropical Eosinophilia and Microfilaria , Am. J. Trop. Med. 25:83 ( (March) ) 1945. 21. de Lange.2d 22. van der Sar.2h 23. Merino, C.: Eosinofilia tropical: Observationes clinicas y hematologicas , Gac. méd., Lima 2:93 ( (Sept.) ) 1945. 24. Wilson, H. T. H.: Tropical Eosinophilia in East Africa , Brit. M. J. 1:801 ( (June 7) ) 1947. 25. Hunter, E. A.: A Case of Tropical Eosinophilia (Weingarten's Syndrome) , Brit. M. J. 1:877 ( (June 8) ) 1946. 26. Parsons-Smith, B. G.: Tropical Eosinophilia , Lancet 1:433 ( (April 1) ) 1944. 27. Apley, J., and Grant, G. H.: Tropical Eosinophilia as Seen in England , Lancet 1:812 ( (June 30) ) 1945. 28. Hunter.8b 29. Persons-Smith.8c 30. Carter, H. F.; Wedd, G., and D'Abrera, V. St. E.: The Occurrence of Mites (Acarina) in Human Sputum and Their Possible Significance , Indian M. Gaz. 79:163 ( (April) ) 1944. 31. Soysa and Jayawardewa.2g 32. van der Sar.2h 33. Carter and D'Abrera.4a 34. Meyers and Kouwenaar.5 35. van der Sar and Hartz.6 36. Weingarten.2a 37. Patel.2f 38. Soysa and Jayawardewa.2g 39. van der Sar.2h 40. Carter and D'Abrera.4a 41. Irwin.1b 42. Merino.7 43. Parsons-Smith.8c 44. Löffler, W.: Die flüchtigen Lungeninfiltrate mit Eosinophilie , Schweiz. med. Wchnschr. 66:1069 ( (Nov. 7) ) 1936. 45. Hoff, A., and Hicks, H. M.: Transient Pulmonary Infiltration: A Case with Eosinophilia (Löffler's Syndrome) Associated with Amebiasis , Am. Rev. Tuberc. 45:194 ( (Feb.) ) 1942. 46. Wright, D. O., and Gold, E. M.: Löffler's Syndrome Associated with Creeping Eruption (Cutaneous Helminthiasis) , J. A. M. A. 128:1082 ( (Aug. 11) ) 1945.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Internal Medicine American Medical Association

TROPICAL EOSINOPHILIC ASTHMA: Report of Two Cases

Archives of Internal Medicine , Volume 82 (5) – Nov 1, 1948

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American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1948 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0730-188X
DOI
10.1001/archinte.1948.00220280005002
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Abstract

Abstract OF THE many diseases contracted by Americans in distant countries, tropical eosinophilic asthma seems to be the least known, as only 3 cases have been reported.1 The subject of this study is a brief description of the disease and a report of 2 additional cases in which the condition had been treated as bronchial asthma for years and in which recovery occurred a few days after specific treatment with neoarsphenamine U. S. P. DEFINITION Tropical eosinophilic asthma is a disease of tropical and semitropical regions. It is characterized by chronic bronchitis with nonseasonal nocturnal paroxysmal cough, with dyspnea, leukocytosis and high eosinophilia. This disease has been described under various names.2 We suggest the name tropical eosinophilic asthma because it emphasizes the main morbid manifestations. HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION Tropical eosinophilic asthma was first described by Weingarten2a in India in 1943. Since then it has been recognized as a References 1. Hirst, W. R., and McCann, W. J.: Tropical Eosinophilia , U. S. Nav. M. Bull. 44:1277 ( (Jan.) ) 1945. 2. Irwin, J. W.: Tropical Eosinophilia , Ann. Int. Med. 25:329 ( (Aug.) ) 1946.Crossref 3. Weingarten, R. J.: Tropical Eosinophilia , Lancet 1:103 ( (Jan. 23) ) 1943.Crossref 4. Gupta, S. P.: Eosinophilic Lung—Report of Four Cases , J. Indian M. A. 14:102 ( (Feb. 3) ) 1945. 5. Hodes, P. J., and Wood, F. C.: Eosinophilic Lung , Am. J. M. Sc. 210:288 ( (Sept.) ) 1945.Crossref 6. de Lange, C. D.; Anguillosis en het ziektebeeld van de "idiopathische Hypereosinophilie," Geneesk. tijdschr. v. Nederl.-Indië 67:673, 1928 7. van der Sar.2h 8. Viswanathan, R.: Pulmonary Eosinophilosis , Indian M. Gaz. 80:392 ( (Aug.) ) 1945. 9. Patel, N. D.: Benign Eosinophilia with Pulmonary Shadows , Indian Physician 4:93 ( (May) ) 1945. 10. Soysa, E., and Jayawardewa, M. D. S.: Pulmonary Acariasis: A Possible Cause of Asthma , Brit. M. J. 1:1 ( (Jan. 6) ) 1945.Crossref 11. van der Sar, A.: Pulmonary Acariasis: Its Relationship to Eosinophil Lung and Löffler's Syndrome , Am. Rev. Tuberc. 53:440 ( (May) ) 1946. 12. Gupta.2b 13. Hodes and Wood.2c 14. Viswanathan.2e 15. Patel.2f 16. Carter, H. F., and D'Abrera, V. St. E.: Mites (Acarina): A Probable Factor in the Aetiology of Spasmodic Bronchitis and Asthma Associated with High Eosinophilia , Tr. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. & Hyg. 39:373 ( (April) ) 1946. 17. Soysa and Jayawardewa.2g 18. Meyers, F. M., and Kouwenaar, W.: Over hypereosinophilie en over een merkwandige vorm van filariasis , Geneesk. tijdschr. v. Nederl.-Indië 79:853 ( (April 4) ) 1939 19. van der Sar.2h 20. van der Sar, A., and Hartz, H.: Syndrome, Tropical Eosinophilia and Microfilaria , Am. J. Trop. Med. 25:83 ( (March) ) 1945. 21. de Lange.2d 22. van der Sar.2h 23. Merino, C.: Eosinofilia tropical: Observationes clinicas y hematologicas , Gac. méd., Lima 2:93 ( (Sept.) ) 1945. 24. Wilson, H. T. H.: Tropical Eosinophilia in East Africa , Brit. M. J. 1:801 ( (June 7) ) 1947. 25. Hunter, E. A.: A Case of Tropical Eosinophilia (Weingarten's Syndrome) , Brit. M. J. 1:877 ( (June 8) ) 1946. 26. Parsons-Smith, B. G.: Tropical Eosinophilia , Lancet 1:433 ( (April 1) ) 1944. 27. Apley, J., and Grant, G. H.: Tropical Eosinophilia as Seen in England , Lancet 1:812 ( (June 30) ) 1945. 28. Hunter.8b 29. Persons-Smith.8c 30. Carter, H. F.; Wedd, G., and D'Abrera, V. St. E.: The Occurrence of Mites (Acarina) in Human Sputum and Their Possible Significance , Indian M. Gaz. 79:163 ( (April) ) 1944. 31. Soysa and Jayawardewa.2g 32. van der Sar.2h 33. Carter and D'Abrera.4a 34. Meyers and Kouwenaar.5 35. van der Sar and Hartz.6 36. Weingarten.2a 37. Patel.2f 38. Soysa and Jayawardewa.2g 39. van der Sar.2h 40. Carter and D'Abrera.4a 41. Irwin.1b 42. Merino.7 43. Parsons-Smith.8c 44. Löffler, W.: Die flüchtigen Lungeninfiltrate mit Eosinophilie , Schweiz. med. Wchnschr. 66:1069 ( (Nov. 7) ) 1936. 45. Hoff, A., and Hicks, H. M.: Transient Pulmonary Infiltration: A Case with Eosinophilia (Löffler's Syndrome) Associated with Amebiasis , Am. Rev. Tuberc. 45:194 ( (Feb.) ) 1942. 46. Wright, D. O., and Gold, E. M.: Löffler's Syndrome Associated with Creeping Eruption (Cutaneous Helminthiasis) , J. A. M. A. 128:1082 ( (Aug. 11) ) 1945.Crossref

Journal

Archives of Internal MedicineAmerican Medical Association

Published: Nov 1, 1948

References